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Migliaccio N.,University of Naples Federico II | Martucci N.M.,University of Naples Federico II | Ruggiero I.,University of Naples Federico II | Sanges C.,Research Technology GmbH | And 5 more authors.
Amino Acids | Year: 2016

The link between eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A (eEF1A) and signal transduction pathways through the regulatory mechanism of phosphorylation has never been considered. In this review, we focus on the different kinases that recognize the Ser and Thr residues of the eEF1A1 and eEF1A2 isoforms and regulate their involvement in different cellular processes like cell survival and apoptosis. In this context, polyamines seem to play a role in the regulation of the translation elongation process by modulating the Ser/Thr kinases involved in the phosphorylation of translation elongation factors. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Wien.


Corbo C.,Houston Methodist Research Institute | Molinaro R.,Houston Methodist Research Institute | Parodi A.,Houston Methodist Research Institute | Toledano Furman N.E.,Houston Methodist Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Nanomedicine | Year: 2016

In a perfect sequence of events, nanoparticles (NPs) are injected into the bloodstream where they circulate until they reach the target tissue. The ligand on the NP surface recognizes its specific receptor expressed on the target tissue and the drug is released in a controlled manner. However, once injected in a physiological environment, NPs interact with biological components and are surrounded by a protein corona (PC). This can trigger an immune response and affect NP toxicity and targeting capabilities. In this review, we provide a survey of recent findings on the NP-PC interactions and discuss how the PC can be used to modulate both cytotoxicity and the immune response as well as to improve the efficacy of targeted delivery of nanocarriers. © 2016 Future Medicine Ltd.


Lamberti A.,University of Naples Federico II | Sanges C.,University of Naples Federico II | Chambery A.,2nd University of Naples | Migliaccio N.,University of Naples Federico II | And 9 more authors.
Biochimie | Year: 2011

The eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A (eEF1A), besides to its canonical role in protein synthesis, is also involved in several other cellular processes, depending on changes in cellular location, cell type, concentration of ligands, substrates or cofactors. Therefore eEF1A is a moonlighting protein that participates to a network of molecular interactions involving its structural domains. Since the identification of novel protein-protein interactions represents important tasks in post-genomic era, the interactome of eEF1A1 M-domain was investigated by using a proteomic approach. To this purpose, the eEF1A1 M-domain was fused with glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and Strep-tag (ST) at it's N- and C-terminal, respectively. The recombinant protein (GST-M-ST) was purified and incubated with a mouse embryo lysate by applying an affinity chromatography strategy. The interacting proteins were separated by SDS-PAGE and identified by peptide mass fingerprinting using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Besides the known partners, the pool of interacting proteins contained sorbin, a polypeptide of 153 amino acids present in SH3 domain-containing adaptor proteins, such as SORBS2. This interaction was also assessed by Western blot on immunoprecipitate from mouse embryo or H1355 cell lysates with anti-eEF1A or anti-SORBS2 antibodies and on eEF1A1-His pull-down from H1355 cell lysate with antibody anti-SORBS2. Furthermore, the interaction between eEF1A and SORBS2 was also confirmed by confocal microscopy and FRET analysis. Interestingly, a co-localization of SORBS2 and eEF1A was evidenced at level of plasma membrane, thus suggesting the involvement of eEF1A1 in novel key signal transduction complexes. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Altieri F.,University of Naples Federico II | Di Stadio C.S.,University of Naples Federico II | Severino V.,The Second University of Naples | Severino V.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | And 12 more authors.
Biochimie | Year: 2014

Gastrokine 1 (GKN1) is a stomach-specific protein expressed in normal gastric tissue but absent in gastric cancer. GKN1 plays a major role in maintaining gastric mucosa integrity and is characterized by the presence of a BRICHOS domain consisting of about 100 amino acids also found in several unrelated proteins associated with major human diseases like BRI2, related to familial British and Danish dementia and surfactant protein C (SP-C), associated with respiratory distress syndrome. It was reported that recombinant BRICHOS domains from BRI2 and SP-C precursor (proSP-C) prevent fibrils formation of amyloid-beta peptide (Aβ), that is the major component of extracellular amyloid deposits in Alzheimer's disease. Here we investigated on the interaction between human recombinant GKN1 (rGKN1) and Aβ peptide (1-40) that derives from the partial hydrolysis of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). GKN1 prevented amyloid aggregation and fibrils formation by inhibiting Aβ(1-40) polymerization, as evaluated by SDS-PAGE, thioflavin-T binding assay and gel filtration experiments. Mass spectrometry showed the formation of a prevailing 1:1 complex between GKN1 and Aβ(1-40). SPR analysis of GKN1/Aβ interaction led to calculate a dissociation constant (KD) of 34 μM. Besides its interaction with Aβ(1-40), GKN1 showed also to interact with APP as evaluated by confocal microscopy and Ni-NTA pull-down. Data strongly suggest that GKN1 has anti-amyloidogenic properties thus functioning as a chaperone directed against unfolded segments and with the ability to recognize amyloidogenic polypeptides and prevent their aggregation. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Sanges C.,University of Naples Federico II | Sanges C.,University of Würzburg | Scheuermann C.,University of Würzburg | Zahedi R.P.,Leibniz Institute for Analytical Sciences | And 11 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease | Year: 2012

We identified eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A (eEF1A) Raf-mediated phosphorylation sites and defined their role in the regulation of eEF1A half-life and of apoptosis of human cancer cells. Mass spectrometry identified in vitro S21 and T88 as phosphorylation sites mediated by B-Raf but not C-Raf on eEF1A1 whereas S21 was phosphorylated on eEF1A2 by both B- and C-Raf. Interestingly, S21 belongs to the first eEF1A GTP/GDP-binding consensus sequence. Phosphorylation of S21 was strongly enhanced when both eEF1A isoforms were preincubated prior the assay with C-Raf, suggesting that the eEF1A isoforms can heterodimerize thus increasing the accessibility of S21 to the phosphate. Overexpression of eEF1A1 in COS 7 cells confirmed the phosphorylation of T88 also in vivo. Compared with wt, in COS 7 cells overexpressed phosphodeficient (A) and phospho-mimicking (D) mutants of eEF1A1 (S21A/D and T88A/D) and of eEF1A2 (S21A/D), resulted less stable and more rapidly proteasome degraded. Transfection of S21 A/D eEF1A mutants in H1355 cells increased apoptosis in comparison with the wt isoforms. It indicates that the blockage of S21 interferes with or even supports C-Raf induced apoptosis rather than cell survival. Raf-mediated regulation of this site could be a crucial mechanism involved in the functional switching of eEF1A between its role in protein biosynthesis and its participation in other cellular processes. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.


Song M.,Cornell University | Giza J.,Cornell University | Proenca C.C.,Novartis | Jing D.,Cornell University | And 16 more authors.
Developmental Cell | Year: 2015

Recent studies in humans and in genetic mouse models have identified Slit- and NTRK-like family (Slitrks) as candidate genes for neuropsychiatric disorders. All Slitrk isotypes are highly expressed in the CNS, where they mediate neurite outgrowth, synaptogenesis, and neuronal survival. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these functions are not known. Here, we report that Slitrk5 modulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-dependent biological responses through direct interaction with TrkB receptors. Under basal conditions, Slitrk5 interacts primarily with a transsynaptic binding partner, protein tyrosine phosphatase δ (PTPδ); however, upon BDNF stimulation, Slitrk5 shifts to cis-interactions with TrkB. In the absence of Slitrk5, TrkB has a reduced rate of ligand-dependent recycling and altered responsiveness to BDNF treatment. Structured illumination microscopy revealed that Slitrk5 mediates optimal targeting of TrkB receptors to Rab11-positive recycling endosomes through recruitment of a Rab11 effector protein, Rab11-FIP3. Thus, Slitrk5 acts as a TrkB co-receptor that mediates its BDNF-dependent trafficking and signaling. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | Advanced Biotechnology Incubator
Type: | Journal: Proteomics. Clinical applications | Year: 2016

About one million people/year develop colorectal cancer (CRC) and approximately half of them die. The extent of the disease (i.e. local invasion at the time of diagnosis) is a key prognostic factor. The 5-year survival rate is almost 90% in the case of delimited CRC and 10% in the case of metastasized CRC. Hence, one of the great challenges in the battle against CRC is to improve early diagnosis strategies. Large-scale proteomic approaches are widely used in cancer research to search for novel biomarkers. Such biomarkers can help in improving the accuracy of the diagnosis and in the optimization of personalized therapy. Herein, we provide an overview of studies published in the last 5 years on CRC that led to the identification of protein biomarkers suitable for clinical application by using proteomic approaches. We discussed these findings according to biomarker application, including also the role of protein phosphorylation and cancer stem cells in biomarker discovery. Our review provides a cross section of scientific approaches and can furnish suggestions for future experimental strategies to be used as reference by scientists, clinicians and researchers interested in proteomics for biomarker discovery. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Shandong University, New York University, Cornell University, University of Helsinki and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Developmental cell | Year: 2015

Recent studies in humans and in genetic mouse models have identified Slit- and NTRK-like family (Slitrks) as candidate genes for neuropsychiatric disorders. All Slitrk isotypes are highly expressed in the CNS, where they mediate neurite outgrowth, synaptogenesis, and neuronal survival. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these functions are not known. Here, we report that Slitrk5 modulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-dependent biological responses through direct interaction with TrkB receptors. Under basal conditions, Slitrk5 interacts primarily with a transsynaptic binding partner, protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP); however, upon BDNF stimulation, Slitrk5 shifts to cis-interactions with TrkB. In the absence of Slitrk5, TrkB has a reduced rate of ligand-dependent recycling and altered responsiveness to BDNF treatment. Structured illumination microscopy revealed that Slitrk5 mediates optimal targeting of TrkB receptors to Rab11-positive recycling endosomes through recruitment of a Rab11 effector protein, Rab11-FIP3. Thus, Slitrk5 acts as a TrkB co-receptor that mediates its BDNF-dependent trafficking and signaling.


PubMed | Houston Methodist Research Institute and Advanced Biotechnology Incubator
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Nanomedicine (London, England) | Year: 2015

In a perfect sequence of events, nanoparticles (NPs) are injected into the bloodstream where they circulate until they reach the target tissue. The ligand on the NP surface recognizes its specific receptor expressed on the target tissue and the drug is released in a controlled manner. However, once injected in a physiological environment, NPs interact with biological components and are surrounded by a protein corona (PC). This can trigger an immune response and affect NP toxicity and targeting capabilities. In this review, we provide a survey of recent findings on the NP-PC interactions and discuss how the PC can be used to modulate both cytotoxicity and the immune response as well as to improve the efficacy of targeted delivery of nanocarriers.


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