Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG

Japan

Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG

Japan

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Niitsu N.,Saitama University | Niitsu N.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | Kohri M.,Saitama University | Hagiwara Y.,Saitama University | And 4 more authors.
Hematological Oncology | Year: 2010

The R-CHOP regimen has been found to improve the outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, it does not provide a satisfactory treatment outcome in the high-risk group. We previously administered the CyclOBEAP regimen to patients with DLBCL, and reported its safety and efficacy. The R-CyclOBEAP regimen was administered over a total period of 12 weeks, and rituximab 375 mg/m2 was given every 2 weeks. There were 101 eligible patients. CR was achieved in 96 patients (95%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 85% and progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 76%. When the patients were divided according to the IPI, the 5-year OS and PFS rates did not significantly differ among the risk groups. The 5-year PFS of the germinal centre B-cell group was 80% and that of the non-GCB group was 74% (NS). Univariate analysis showed that the presence of B symptoms, extranodal lesions 32, and sIL-2R were significant poor prognostic factors. Grade 4 neutropenia was observed in 91 patients and thrombocytopenia in 9 patients. The addition of rituximab to CyclOBEAP therapy may enhance the effect of CyclOBEAP therapy for DLBCL. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Niitsu N.,Saitama University | Niitsu N.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | Nakamine H.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | Okamoto M.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2011

Purpose: We examined whether nm23-H1 is a prognostic factor of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS). Experimental Design: We studied 102 consecutive, untreated PTCL-NOS patients from 1998 to 2008. The expression of nm23-H1 and TIA-1 was studied by immunohistochemistry. Results: nm23-H1 was positive in 44.1% and TIA-1 in 78.4% of the PTCL-NOS patients. nm23-H1 expression was not correlated with age, performance status (PS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, or stage but was significantly correlated with the prognostic index for T-cell lymphoma. The serum nm23-H1 level was 43.44 ng/mL in the cytoplasmic nm23-H1 strongly positive, 24.32 ng/mL in the cytoplasmic nm23-H1 moderately positive, and 13.64 ng/mL in the cytoplasmic nm23-H1-negative patients. The nm23-H1-positive group had significantly shorter overall survival (OS). TIA-1 had no prognostic impact on 5-year OS rates. OS was significantly shorter in patients with the following clinicopathologic features: age 60 or more years, PS of 2 to 4, LDH level greater than normal, bone marrow involvement, or nm23-H1-positive lymphoma. Multivariate analysis confirmed nm23-H1 expression to be an independent prognostic factor. Conclusions: The nm23-H1 protein may be an important prognostic factor in PTCL-NOS. Because our results suggested that nm23-HI is produced by lymphoma cells, we expect to see the development of new treatments targeting nm23 overexpression. ©2011 AACR.


Niitsu N.,Saitama University | Hayama M.,Saitama University | Yoshino T.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | Nakamura S.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2011

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) has a poorer prognosis than diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We administered the CyclOBEAP regimen (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, prednisolone) to patients with DLBCL, and reported its safety and efficacy. Here, we report the results of a multicentre phase II study of the CyclOBEAP regimen in patients with PTCL. In addition, NME1 remained a prognostic factor for survival, as shown in patients who were treated with CyclOBEAP. There were 84 eligible patients and the median age was 54years. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 72% and progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 61%. The 5-year OS was 93% among the anaplastic large-cell lymphoma cases, 74% among the angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma cases, and 63% among the cases of PTCL-not otherwise specified. When the patients were divided according to the International Prognostic Index or Prognostic Index for PTCL, the 5-year OS and PFS rates did not significantly differ among the risk groups. Positivity for NME1 was found to be a significant independent prognostic factor. Grade 4 neutropenia was observed in 80 patients and thrombocytopenia in nine patients. Our results suggest that the CyclOBEAP therapy is safe and effective for PTCLs. Furthermore, the NME1 protein may be an important prognostic factor in PTCL. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Niitsu N.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | Tamaru J.-I.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | Yoshino T.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | Nakamura N.,Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group ALTSG | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Hematology | Year: 2011

In our previous study on nm23-H1 expression with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), we found that patients with positive nm23-H1 had significantly poorer prognosis than patients with negative nm23-H1. We examined whether nm23-H1 is a prognostic factor of DLBCL in the rituximab era. The subjects were 101 DLBCL patients who underwent R-CyclOBEAP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, and prednisolone) therapy and in whom markers could be analyzed. We evaluated CD5, CD10, BCL2, BCL6, MUM1, and nm23-H1 expression by immunohistochemistry. Ninety-four DLBCL patients who underwent CyclOBEAP therapy were assumed as historical controls. Among DLBCL patients who underwent CyclOBEAP therapy, BCL2 positivity, MUM1 positivity, non-germinal center B-cell (non-GCB), and nm23-H1 positivity were associated with significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). On the other hand, among DLBCL patients who underwent R-CyclOBEAP therapy, the 5-year OS rates of the nm23-H1-positive DLBCL (n = 32) and nm23-H1-negative DLBCL groups (n = 69) were 65% and 97%, respectively (p = 0.001), with 5-year PFS rates of 51% and 89%, respectively (p = 0.001). In the rituximab era, BCL2, MUM1, and non-GCB were not prognostic factors. We demonstrated that among patients with DLBCL who underwent R-CyclOBEAP therapy, patients with nm23-H1 expression had a significantly poorer prognosis than patients without nm23-H1 expression. These results suggest an important role for nm23-H1 in malignant progression and a potential therapeutic target for DLBCL. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

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