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Troccoli M.,AdTech Optics Inc.
IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics | Year: 2015

In this paper, we review and expand on our results dealing with high-power quantum cascade (QC) lasers and single-mode devices in the mid- and long-wave infrared (IR) regions of the spectrum (4-12 μm). The specifications and characteristics of state-of-The-art QC lasers fabricated by the metal-organic chemical vapor deposition technology are illustrated, along with their key application requirements and potential issues for future improvements. Single emitter QC lasers in the Watt-class range and narrow-linewidth low power DFBs spanning the whole mid-IR region are presented and analyzed. © 1995-2012 IEEE.

Liu P.Q.,Princeton University | Wang X.,AdTech Optics Inc. | Gmachl C.F.,Princeton University
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2012

We employ properly designed asymmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer structures as effective wavelength filters and monolithically integrate them in conventional Fabry-Perot cavities to facilitate single-mode operation of the lasers. With such asymmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer type laser cavities, continuously tunable single-mode operation of quantum cascade (QC) lasers is achieved in pulsed mode from 80 K up to room temperature and in continuous-wave mode with side-mode suppression ratio up to ∼35 dB. These devices are fabricated with the same process as simple ridge lasers, therefore providing a promising solution to achieving more cost-effective single-mode QC lasers. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.

Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Air Force | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 99.91K | Year: 2006

We propose to develop a novel source of THz radiation based on monolithic integration of dual wavelength Quantum cascade laser (QCL) and intersubband difference frequency generator (DFG) with Cerenkov phase-matching. In addition we propose to demonstrate a novel 3-frequency coherent heterodyning detection scheme using a QWIP as a mixer/detector element with an estimated NEP of 10-17W/Hz(1/2). The THz source will use electrical pumping, incorporate monolithic integration, exhibit room temperature operation, and have a wall plug efficiency of up to 1%. In addition it will have a compact size (determined only by a power supply) and is potential tunable. The key features of our approach for the THz source are: (1)The use of a room temperature dual-wavelength QCL laser for intra-cavity pumping; (2) The use of intra-cavity asymmetric coupled QW’s for difference frequency generation in the THz range; (3) The use of Cerenkov -type phase matching for efficient out-coupling of THz radiation; (4) Achieving tunability of the THz radiation based on frequency tuning of the QCL. Key features of the detection scheme is the use of 2 individual mid-IR QCLs as heterodyning sources and a QWIP as a combined mixer/detector element.

Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Missile Defense Agency | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 99.60K | Year: 2010

In Phase I we propose to demonstrate a room temperature continuous wave QC laser at 4.5µm with high power (P>0.5W) and wall plug efficiency (η>5%). The data will be used to design a high performance QC laser with projected wall plug efficiency exceeding 15% in continuous mode operation at room temperature. Our goal is to fabricate, characterize and package the high efficiency lasers in Phase II of the proposed project, and use beam combining methods to increase powers to above 3.5 W by combining six 1W single emitters with an estimated coupling efficiency of 65%. Preliminary sensing experiments, laser frequency modulation studies, and modeling of beam combining will also be carried out in Phase I with currently available lower efficiency lasers. The high efficiency devices will be designed at various possible emission wavelengths, ranging from the MWIR (3-5µm) to the LWIR (8-12µm). Modeling will take care of the three main aspects of efficiency improvement: heat management optimization, optical loss minimization, and electrical power reduction. The final phase I results will lead to a feasibility evaluation for a high power packaged laser with multiple high efficiency emitters combined in one rugged and portable package with estimates of its remote sensing and modulation capabilities.

Liu P.Q.,Princeton University | Hoffman A.J.,Princeton University | Escarra M.D.,Princeton University | Franz K.J.,Princeton University | And 5 more authors.
Nature Photonics | Year: 2010

Quantum cascade lasers are promising mid-infrared semiconductor light sources for molecular detection in applications such as environmental sensing or medical diagnostics. For such applications, researchers have been striving to improve device performance. Recently, improvements in wall plug efficiency have been pursued with a view to realizing compact, portable, power-efficient and high-power quantum cascade laser systems. However, advances have largely been incremental, and the basic quantum design has remained unchanged for many years, with the wall plug efficiency yet to reach above 35%. A crucial factor in quantum cascade laser performance is the efficient transport of electrons into the laser active regions. We recently theoretically described this transport process as limited by the interface-roughness-induced detuning of resonant tunnelling. Here, we report that an ultrastrong coupling design strategy overcomes this limiting factor and leads to the experimental realization of quantum cascade lasers with 40-50% wall plug efficiency when operated in pulsed mode at temperatures of 160K or lower. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

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