Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital

India

Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital

India

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PubMed | Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Tagore Dental College and Anil Neerukonda Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of the mandibular incisive canal, evaluate its location and dimensions using cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) in Indian population.CBCT scan images of 120 subjects were analyzed for the presence of the mandibular incisive canal, its location, size, and its length. The distance between the incisive canal and the buccal and lingual plate of the alveolar bone, and the distance from the canal to the inferior border of the mandible were also measured to position the canal in the mandible.About 71.66% of the CBCT scans of Indian subjects examined showed the presence of the Incisive canal, of which 48.33% exhibited canals bilaterally and 23.33% showed unilateral canals. 28.33% of the subjects CBCT scans did not exhibit the presence of incisive nerve canal. The average length of the incisive canal was 10.173 mm. The average diameter of the Incisive canal in the CBCT scans was 2.578 mm. The distance from the Inferior border of the mandible to (a) the origin of the Incisive canal was 9.425 mm and (b) to the apex of the Incisive canal was 9.095 mm. The distance from the buccal cortex of the mandible to (a) the origin of the incisive canal was 1.48 mm and (b) to the apex of the incisive canal was 4.476 mm. The distance from the lingual cortex of the mandible to (a) the origin of the incisive canal was 4.464 mm and (b) to the apex of the incisive canal was 5.561 mm.The presence, location, and dimensions of the mandibular incisive canal are an additional required data that needs to be elicited before planning an inter-foraminal placement of implants.


PubMed | Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Tagore Dental College and Anil Neerukonda Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to find the difference in perceptibility and acceptability of changes done to various color coordinates of matched teeth, between trainee dental surgeons, and lay person.A photograph with a set of matched central incisor teeth was selected. In one of the central incisors, the color coordinates (hue, value, and chroma) were altered to a preset value. These pictures were presented to trainee dental surgeons and lay person and their level of perception of color change and acceptance of color change was registered and compared.It was found that trainee dental surgeons fared better in perceiving the color change and accepted less of the color changed specimens. The dimension of color that was more discerned both by lay person and trainee dental surgeons was value, hue, and last chroma.When compared to a lay person, dental surgeons are more acute in perceiving color changes and do not accept the color difference between teeth to a higher degree.


PubMed | Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Sri Ramachandra University, SRM University and Dr Sunny Medical Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

The intention of root canal preparation is to reduce infected content and create a root canal shape allowing for a well condensed root filling. Therefore, it is not necessary to remove excessive dentine for successful root canal preparation and concern must be taken not to over instrument as perforations can occur in the thin dentinal walls of primary molars.This study was done to evaluate the time preparation, the risk of lateral perforation and dentine removal of the stainless steel K file and K3 rotary instrumentation in primary teeth.Seventy-five primary molars were selected and divided into three groups. Using spiral computed tomography the teeth were scanned before instrumentation. Teeth were prepared using a stainless steel K file for manual technique. All the canals were prepared up to file size 35. In K3 rotary files (.02 taper) instrumentation was done up to 35 size file. In K3 rotary files (.04 taper) the instrumentation was done up to 25 size file and simultaneously the instrumentation time was recorded. The instrumented teeth were once again scanned and the images were compared with the images of the uninstrumented canals.Data was statistically analysed using Kruskal Wallis One-way ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U-Test and Pearsons Chi-square Test.K3 rotary files (.02 taper) removed a significantly less amount of dentine, required less instrumentation time than a stainless steel K file.K3 files (.02 taper) generated less dentine removal than the stainless steel K file and K3 files (.04 taper). K3 rotary files (.02 taper) were more effective for root canal instrumentation in primary teeth.


Sarumathi T.,Bharath University | Saravanakumar B.,Bharath University | Datta M.,Epidemiologist and Research Consultant | Nagarathnam T.,Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine the level of awareness of the common oral disease amongst the primary care physicians in Chennai, India and to study the pro-portion of the routine oral examination among them. Method: This study was a cross-sectional, self administered, questionnaire survey which was done among 70 primary care physicians of Chennai, India. The questionnaire assessed the proportion of the routine oral examination and the knowledge and the awareness about the common dental problems among the primary care physicians. Result: This study showed moderate awareness about the signs and symptoms of the common oral diseases. There ap-peared to be a low awareness about the treatment of limited mouth opening and the causes of white patches. 85.9% of the doctors said that they routinely examined the oral cavity; 4.2% said that they sometimes did so. 4.2% of the sample said that they did not perform a routine oral examination, whilst another 4.2% said that they examined the throat only. Conclusion: The information which was gleaned from this study can help in developing a focused module which is aimed at the practising primary care physicians, and to suggest ap-propriate additions to the curriculum of the medical graduates, so as to enable an early detection, an appropriate referral, and an ultimately improved oral and general health of our population.


Ramamurthy S.,Adhiparasakthi dental college and hospital
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science | Year: 2014

Oligodontia is a rare congential disorder of dental anomalies that can occur either as an isolated finding or as part of a syndrome. It is defined as agenesis of six or more teeth excluding the third molars. It is commonly seen in permanent than in deciduous dentition. Patients suffering from oligodontia may present with complex problem such as dental and facial disfigurement. Management of those cases generally requires multidisciplinary approach to restore esthetic and function. This paper reports a rare case of oligodontia in an 18 year old adult female patient who has been missing eight permanent teeth excluding the third molars, clinically and radiographically. © 2014, Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science. All rights reserved.


Leena Sankari S.,Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital | Ramakrishnan K.,Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2011

Benign cementoblastoma is a rare odontogenic tumor characterized by the formation of a mass of cementum or cementum-like tissue attached to the roots of a tooth. Cementoblastoma are distinctive but relatively uncommon tumors. The clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features of a case of benign cementoblastoma are presented in this paper along with a brief review of the literature.


PubMed | Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2015

Vestibuloplasty is the procedure for shallow vestibule, prior to the prosthesis. Usually, vestibuloplasty is carried out in patients with completely edentulous arches. There are multiple techniques of vestibuloplasty described in the review of literature. However, it has not been emphasized on isolated shallow vestibule. This article describes our experience in the isolated or localized vestibuloplasty for a partially edentulous individual with a shallow vestibule pertaining to a single missing tooth.


PubMed | Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2016

Oral mucocele is the most common benign lesion of minor salivary gland caused due to any form of mechanical trauma to the excretory duct of the gland. It is of two types - mucous extravasation phenomenon and mucous retention type. Extravasation type is more common. Here, we report a case of a 65-year-old male patient with a complaint of painful swelling in the lower lip for 1 month with a history of trauma in the lower lip. It was clinically diagnosed as traumatic fibroma, and an excisional biopsy was done. However, the histopathology was basically that of mucous extravasation phenomenon coexisting with the features of a reactive lesion implicating the potential role of chronic irritation in the impairment of normal healing process. Considering the fact that long-standing chronic inflammation in a benign lesion can even lead to malignant transformation of that lesion; here, we highlight the role of a good clinicopathologic correlation and the significance of prompt intervention and treatment. Furthermore, emphasizing the potential need for postoperative follow-up by the dentist, how much ever trivial the lesion may appear to be in the best interest of the patient.


PubMed | Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Madha Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology | Year: 2016

Epilepsy, characterized by the risk of recurrent seizures, is a chronic disease that afflicts about 5% of the worlds population. The main dental problems associated with epileptic patients include gingival hyperplasia, minor oral injuries, tooth trauma, and prosthodontic problems, which require the dental treatment. Stress and fear are the most common triggering factors for the epilepsy in dental chair. Therefore, a more appropriate method of treating such epileptic patients may be warranted. Conscious sedation is a technique of providing good anesthesia and analgesia to patients, the main advantage of which is the patients rapid return to presentation levels. Midazolam used as a sedative agent has anticonvulsant properties. This case report highlights a case requiring multiple dental procedures carried out in a high risk epileptic patient under conscious sedation.


PubMed | Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital
Type: | Journal: Case reports in dentistry | Year: 2014

Fusion is one of the developmental dental anomalies in which two adjacent teeth are joined at the crown level forming a single tooth with an enlarged crown. Fusion causes some clinical problems such as unaesthetic appearance, pain, caries, and malocclusion. The management of fusion often needs multidisciplinary approach to give best possible esthetic and functional outcome. This paper reports a case of 9-year-old boy with fused maxillary left central and lateral incisors who was treated with 2 4 fixed orthodontic appliances after surgical separation of fused teeth.

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