SMA Solar Technology AG and Adensis GmbH | Date: 2014-11-07
The disclosure relates to a method for operating a photovoltaic system for feeding a medium-voltage grid, wherein the photovoltaic system has a photovoltaic generator including a plurality of photovoltaic modules, at least one inverter and at least one medium-voltage transformer. The medium-voltage transformer is connected on the primary side directly to a low-voltage AC output of the inverter, the inverter is connected to the photovoltaic generator via a DC input, and the inverter permits reverse currents from the low-voltage AC output to the DC input. The method is characterized by the fact that in the event that there is insufficient generation of electric power for the feed by the photovoltaic modules, the inverter remains connected on the AC side to the medium-voltage grid via the medium-voltage transformer, and remains connected on the DC side to the photovoltaic generator.
Adensis Gmbh | Date: 2012-09-20
The invention relates to a method and a device for disintegrating a recyclable item in a material-selective manner and using the electrohydraulic effect, an electric discharge being generated, in a container filled with a liquid, using a pulsed current source and within an underwater spark gab between a container base-side electrode and at least one container cover-side electrode that points towards the first electrode, with electric discharge having an average field strength of less than or equal to 5 kV/mm and a pulse or discharge energy of greater than 10 J, and being generated at least substantially in the liquid. In the container, the recyclable item lies partially in the underwater spark gab on the container base-side.
ADENSIS GmbH | Date: 2012-08-16
The invention relates to a holding system (1) for mounting a photovoltaic module (6) to a base (8) by means of ground supports (2, 2a, 44, 44a) which comprise a bearing head (4, 4a, 50, 50a), a ground support body (22) and a bearing surface (28, 48) on the bottom side which counteracts a penetration of the ground supports into the base (8), wherein the ground supports (2, 2a, 46, 46a) comprise on their head side a bearing plate (14, 14, 14a, 14a, 54, 54, 54a, 54) that is disposed at a slanted angle () in relation to the base (8), and wherein the ground supports (2, 2a, 46, 46a) are provided and prepared such that, in the mounted state, the bearing plates (14, 14, 14a, 14a, 54, 54, 54a, 54) of a ground support pair (2, 2a, 46, 46a) are spaced apart from each other vertically in relation to the base (8) and from each other horizontally in adjustment to the photovoltaic module (6) and that they are aligned with each other at least in essence.
Adensis GmbH | Date: 2010-10-06
A method and an apparatus for carrying out the method are proposed for identifying defective photovoltaic modules. Two clamp-on ammeters are provided which are connected to a test data acquisition unit for simultaneous measurement of two DC currents. The position of the clamp-on ammeters at the time of the measurement is determined with a position registration means, and measured data and position data are transmitted via an antenna to a data processing center or recorded in a data memory element for further processing.
Adensis Gmbh | Date: 2014-02-20
A photovoltaic system has a plurality of subsystems, each with a photovoltaic generator and an associated inverter. The inverter has a control element for setting the maximum power point of its subsystem. A battery is connectible in parallel with the photovoltaic generator. The inverters are connectible to a power grid, which is operated by a utility operator. When a control device receives an emergency signal from the utility operator indicating impending instability of the grid, the following is initiated: If the battery voltage is above the current voltage as set by the MPP control element, the battery is immediately connected to the input of the inverter while the generator remains connected to the inverter. If the battery voltage is below the current voltage the battery connection is delayed until the MPP control element has adjusted the voltage. Then the voltage is further lowered to generate a discharge current from the battery.
Adensis Gmbh | Date: 2013-12-30
A method for checking the operation of a photovoltaic module of a photovoltaic power station. The module has a positive terminal, a negative terminal and a number of solar cells, in particular thin-layer solar cells. An electric field emitted by the photovoltaic module as a result of solar radiation is measured at an exposed measurement location during the operation of the power station and the electrical voltage present between the positive terminal and the negative terminal is determined from the measured electric field. A corresponding measuring instrument has a sensor to be placed near the photovoltaic module so as to measure the electric field strength. A rod or wand may be used to position the sensor, or a robot may be configured for automatic travel on the photovoltaic module.
Adensis GmbH | Date: 2010-06-18
A method and an apparatus for setting up synchronization, with a power grid, of an inverter having a photovoltaic generator as a primary energy source is disclosed. The inverter is supplied with the energy from an additional energy source connected in parallel with input terminals of the inverter, wherein the additional energy source is a DC energy source operated independent from the primary energy source. The frequency, phase relationship and output voltage of the inverter supplied from the additional DC energy source are matched to the frequency, phase relationship and output voltage of the power grid, whereafter the primary energy source is connected to the inverter. With this method, an inverter dimensioned for a permissible open-circuit voltage can also be used under operating conditions, without requiring modifications of the circuitry of the primary energy source.
Adensis Gmbh | Date: 2013-12-24
A method for storing energy using a combined heat and pressure storage device, includes mixing a gaseous first component and a liquid second component in an initial first step at a first pressure/temperature point to form a working medium. The working medium is compressed in a following step in such a way that the working medium has a second pressure/temperature point, at which the second component is at least partially gaseous. The compressed working medium is led into the combined heat and pressure storage device and stored there. In order to recover the energy, the working medium is expanded, whereupon the second component is at least partially liquefied. An apparatus for implementing the method is also provided.
Adensis GmbH | Date: 2010-05-28
A clamp for attaching rectangular photovoltaic modules on a module rail is constructed so that the upper edge of a first module can be installed at a greater height than the lower edge of a second module. The upper edge of the first module rests on a first supporting surface and the lower edge of the second module rests on a second supporting surface, with the both supporting surfaces disposed on a base and having the same slope. The edges of the modules are affixed on the supporting surfaces by way of a bracket (5). The design of the clamp prevents formation of hollow spaces through which melt water can enter, but from which it cannot drain.
Adensis GmbH | Date: 2010-07-27
A photovoltaic system includes an inverter, a photovoltaic generator with a plurality of serially connected photovoltaic modules, said photovoltaic generator connected to the inverter by an electrical supply line, a controllable fuse interconnected in the electrical supply line between the inverter and the photovoltaic generator and having a signal input, and a voltage-dependent resistor connected between the signal input of the controllable fuse and the electrical supply line and generating a control signal which triggers the controllable fuse responsive to the control signal and interrupts the electrical supply line. The controllable fuse can be used to disconnect the electrical connection of the photovoltaic system to the inverter when a switch short-circuiting one or more modules of the photovoltaic generator malfunctions. The arrangement permits operation of photovoltaic system at an operating voltage of close to 1000 V, thereby allowing use of thinner cables.