Adaptive Research Farm

Punjab, Pakistan

Adaptive Research Farm

Punjab, Pakistan
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Rafiq M.H.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Ahmad R.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Jabbar A.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Munir H.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Hussain M.,Adaptive Research Farm
International Journal of Agriculture and Biology | Year: 2017

In rice-wheat cropping system of Punjab, Pakistan, seeding directly into the standing rice stubbles is gaining popularity. This study was conducted to develop the most favorable and economical no-till technique for wheat sowing in combine-harvested paddy fields with different residue conditions. The experiment was comprised of three no-till techniques viz. (1) turbo seeder, (2) happy seeder and (3) zone disk tiller. There were four heights of standing rice stubbles viz. (1) 15 cm, (2) 30 cm, (3) 45 cm, and (4) 60 cm. Different no-till techniques at various heights of standing rice stubbles significantly affected the stand establishment and yield related traits of wheat during both growing seasons. Turbo seeded plot showed 12-14% more total soil porosity in comparison with zone disk tiller sown field. Conversely, wheat plots sown by zone disk tiller exhibited 8% more soil bulk density than turbo seeder sown field. Better stand establishment and grain yield were observed in turbo seeded wheat in comparison with happy seeder and zone disk tiller sown wheat. Among the stubble heights, wheat crop sown in standing rice stubbles at 45 cm height performed the best with maximum germination, 1000 grain weight and grain yield. Furthermore, turbo seeder in standing rice stubbles at 45 cm height significantly produced 32-35% more benefit cost ratio than zone disk tiller at 15 cm stubble height during both years of experiment. In crux, direct drilling of wheat by turbo seeder in rice field combine harvested at 45 cm stubble height is the most viable technology for rice-wheat cropping system. © 2017 Friends Science Publishers.


Rafiq M.H.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Ahmad R.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Jabbar A.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Munir H.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Hussain M.,Adaptive Research Farm
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2017

No-till wheat is gaining popularity in rice-based cropping system as it provides a better chance for timely planting of wheat, management of crop residues, as well as environmental and soil sustainability. However, fertilizer application in no-tillage requires careful attention in order to optimize efficiency of fertilizer use by crops. The present study was conducted to develop the most favorable and economical no-till technique along with best blend of nitrogen for successful wheat production in residue-based cropping system. The experiment was composed of five no-till techniques viz., (1) even spreading of loose rice residue and wheat sowing with turbo seeder, (2) even spreading of loose rice residue and wheat sowing with happy seeder, (3) even spreading of loose rice residue and wheat sowing with zone disc tiller, (4) wheat sowing with conventional zero tillage drill after manual removal of rice residues, and (5) wheat sowing with conventional zero tillage drill after burning of rice residues. There were five blends of nitrogen (N) including (1) 100% N from urea, (2) 75% N from urea and 25% N from ammonium sulfate (AS), (3) 50% N from urea and 50% N from AS, (4) 25% N from urea and 75% N from AS, and (5) 100% N from AS. Different no-till techniques and N treatments significantly affected the stand establishment and yield-related traits of wheat during both growing seasons. Soil physical condition was improved by turbo seeder treatment, while it remained poor in residue burned field sown by conventional zero tillage drill. The results over the years revealed that turbo-seeded wheat with N fertilization in the form of 50% urea + 50% AS performed better in terms of productive tillers, grain yield and benefit cost ratio than other no-till techniques along different blends of nitrogen during both years of study. In crux, wheat sowing by turbo seeder along N fertilization in the form of 50% urea + 50% AS treatment is a viable and economical option to increase the wheat production in rice-based production system. © 2017 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany


Ali L.,Adaptive Research Farm | Ashraf M.,University of Sargodha | Ahmad R.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Aziz A.,University of Sargodha
Pakistan Journal of Botany | Year: 2013

Adequate potassium (K) supply is crucial for cotton growth and development. However, sodium (Na) can share some functions with K. In present study, we investigated the effects of replacing K with Na at different ratios on growth, ionic relations and yield as well as yield attributes of two cotton varieties differed in K use efficiency. Different levels of K and Na giving K: Na ratios of 3.5: 1 (control), 3.75: 1, 4: 1, 4.25: 1, 4.5: 1, 2.8: 1, 3: 1, 3.2: 1, 3.4: 1, 3.6: 1 were arranged in triplicates according to randomized complete block design under natural field conditions. Results revealed that maximum seed cotton yield was obtained at K: Na ratio of 3.4: 1 followed by 3.6: 1 in both cotton varieties. However, NIBGE-2 manifested greater seed cotton yield than MNH-786. The significant (p≤0.05) positive correlation was found between number of bolls plant-1 and seed cotton yield (R2 = 0.62 for NIBGE-2 and R2 = 0.64 for MNH-786) determined at different levels of K and Na. Leaf K: Na ratio also varied significantly (p≤0.05) due to main effects of K, Na, varieties and their interactions. Maximum leaf K: Na ratio was shown by NIBGE-2 with 270 kg K ha-1+60 kg Na ha-1 at ratio of 4.5: 1 followed by 255 kg K ha-1+60 kg Na ha-1 at ratio of 4.25: 1. Although fiber quality of both cotton varieties were markedly influenced by different ratios of K: Na, however these differences between treatments and varieties were not consistent. There was a significant positive correlation between K concentration and fiber length (R2 = 0.97 for NIBGE-2 and R2 = 0.98 for MNH-786). Our results suggested that cotton growth and yield could be improved by adding appropriate amounts of K and Na.


PubMed | King Abdulaziz University, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Northeast Agricultural University, China National Rice Research Institute and 18 more.
Type: | Journal: Environmental science and pollution research international | Year: 2017

Crop nutrient management is an essential component of any cropping system. With increasing concerns over environmental protection, improvement in fertilizer use efficiencies has become a prime goal in global agriculture system. Phosphorus (P) is one of the most important nutrients, and strategies are required to optimize its use in important arable crops like cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) that has great significance. Sustainable P use in crop production could significantly avoid environmental hazards resulting from over-P fertilization. Crop growth modeling has emerged as an effective tool to assess and predict the optimal nutrient requirements for different crops. In present study, Decision Support System for Agro-technology Transfer (DSSAT) sub-model CSM-CROPGRO-Cotton-P was evaluated to estimate the observed and simulated P use in two cotton cultivars grown at three P application rates under the semi-arid climate of southern Punjab, Pakistan. The results revealed that both the cultivars performed best at medium rate of P application (57kgha


Khattak J.Z.K.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | Mir A.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | Anwar Z.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | Wahedi H.M.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | And 3 more authors.
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2011

Almost every Muslim either fully practicing Islam or not is seriously concerned about what he or she eats. Muslims observe the divine laws in every aspect of life. There is a complete code of dietary laws present in the Holy Quran for the followers of Islam. Some basic principles are described as all foods are permitted except those mentioned clearly in the Holy Quran. The most recent advancements of biotechnology in field of food industry like status of GMO's, use of genes, enzymes, food additives or enhancer in food in Islam deduced by the Ijma or Qiyas. These if obtained from plant origin would be considered as Halal. If obtained from animals then Islamic Shari'ah put some restrictions about the animal that it should be permitted by Supreme law giver, and should be fit, clean and wholesome for health. The world has become global supermarket with the presence of improved communication and transportation system. Islam is the world second largest religion and more than 1.2 billion Muslims consume Halal products. The need of Halal food increases with the increase of Muslim population globally. The Halal foods should be mentioned clearly by labeling the hidden food ingredients, for example enzymes. The Muslim scholars need to infer opinions with the advancement of biotechnology. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2011.


Ali L.,Adaptive Research Farm | Ali M.A.,Agriculture Ext. and AR | Ali M.,Adaptive Research Farm | Waqar M.Q.,Agriculture Adaptive Research
International Journal of Agriculture and Biology | Year: 2013

A field study was carried out to evaluate the impact of inorganic fertilization to wheat variety Sehar-2006 on aphid infestation, natural enemies' population, growth and grain yield according to randomized complete block design with three replications at Adaptive Research Farm, Vehari during 2009-2010 and 2010-2011. Five NPK doses of 170-0-0 (T1), 170-114-0 (T2), 170-0-62 (T3), 170-114-62 (T4) and 0-0-0 (T5) (Control) kg ha-1 were tested in the experiment. Average results of the both years showed that NPK doses affected all the growth and yield parameters significantly. Application of 170-114-62 NPK kg ha-1 gave maximum plant height (110.1 cm), highest germination counts (240.2), increased No. of productive tillers (376.3), highest No. of grains spike-1(42.33), heavier grain weight (41.57 g) and maximum grain yield (3732 kg ha-1) as compared to data recorded with 170-0-62, 170-114-0, 170-0-0 and 0-0-0 (control) NPK kg ha-1. Results also indicated that main effects of time of sampling, NPK doses, and their interaction significantly affected aphid and predator population. On 15.03.2010, maximum aphid population per tiller (12) was observed, where 170-0-0 NPK kg ha-1 was applied followed by (11.78) at 0-0-0 NPK kg ha-1 as against the minimum (6) with 170-114-62 NPK kg ha-1. Maximum aphid population per tiller (7.445) was observed, where 170-0-0 NPK kg ha-1 was applied followed by (5.963) at 170-0-62 NPK kg ha-1as against the minimum (2.852) with 170-114-62 NPK kg ha-1recorded on 15.03.11. A highest population of predators per plant (1.259 and 1.562) was observed during 31.03.2010 and 31.03.2011, respectively followed by (1.018) on 22.03.10 and (0.424) on 22.03.2011. Significant negative relationships (R2=-0.86 and-0.75) was depicted between NPK doses and No. of aphids during 2009-2010 and 2010-2011, respectively. Gradual decrease in aphid population was noted when balanced NPK was applied. Significant relationship (R2=0.71 and 0.87) was found between maximum temperature and predators per plant during 2009-2010 and 2010-2011, respectively. Negative correlation (r=-0.82 and-0.57) was observed between aphid population and grain yield during 2009-2010 and 2010-2011, respectively with respect to inorganic fertilization on wheat crop. © 2013 Friends Science Publishers.


Aslam M.,Gomal University | Aslam M.,Adaptive Research Farm | Khan M.A.,Gomal University | Awan L.U.,Gomal University | And 3 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

This field experiment was undertaken on already green manured soil for comparing the efficiency of various organic manures used as alone and in combination, for wheat production. Organic matter sources/treatments used in the study were: Farm Yard Manure (FYM), Poultry Litter (PL), Press Mud (PM) and Sewage Sludge (SS). The amount of each organic amendments used singly was 20 t/ha, while their combinations had 10 t/ha for each of the two amendments making a total of 20 t/ha in a treatment. The experiment was conducted on wheat cv. Bhakkar 2002 as test crop for two consecutive growing seasons (year 2004-05 and 2005-06). Results revealed that Application of all types of organic materials (FYM, PL, PM and SS) and their combinations improved the growth and yield attributes of wheat significantly over control in both the years. The highest biological and grain yield was obtained with the application of PL alone followed by FYM+PL and PL+PM, with a significant difference among them. Economic analysis revealed that the value of Cost-Benefit Ratio (CBR) was highest with FYM+PL followed by PM+SS and PL+PM. The lowest CBR values were recorded under FYM alone and FYM+SS. This was mainly due to smaller yield increase and additional income with these treatments. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.


Chaudhary S.U.,Adaptive Research Farm | Iqbal J.,Adaptive Research Farm | Hussain M.,Adaptive Research Farm | Wajid A.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences | Year: 2011

The effect of weed-management practices in lentil was studied through field experiments conducted during Rabi 2006-07 to 2008-09 at Adaptive Research Farm Gujranwala, Pakistan. The treatments studied were application of Stomp 330 E (pendimethalin) @3.25 lit/ha at seed bed preparation and just after sowing, respectively. Puma Super 7.5% EW (phenoxyprop-p-ethyle)@ 1.25 lit/ha as post emergence and two hand hoeing at 30 and 60 days after sowing(DAS) compared with untreated plot. Hand hoeing gave higher weed control i.e. 95.77 and 98.12 % of broad and narrow leaved weeds, respectively and produced lowest weed dry matter (15.46 g/m 2). Puma Super failed to control the broad leaved weeds. Application of Stomp at seed bed preparation was weak for the control of broad leaved weeds (61.04%) whereas narrow leaved weeds were controlled effectively (97.58%), but germination was affected. Highest grain yield (1519.56 kg/ha) was recorded from the plot with two hand hoeing. It gave maximum net income (Rs41247/ha) with a cost benefit ratio (CBR) of 1:5.16. Among the herbicides application of Stomp @ 3.25 lit/ha just after sowing + Puma super @ 1.25 lit/ha 45 DAS gave yield of 1415.67 kg/ha with 102.59 % increase in yield. It gave net income of Rs40093 /ha with a CBR of 1:13.73.


Abbas G.,Adaptive Research Farm | Khan M.Q.,Gomal University | Khan M.J.,Gomal University | Tahir M.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | And 2 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Botany | Year: 2011

The study was carried out for two consecutive years (2005-06 to 2006-07) to evaluate the wheat response to five different levels (0, 4, 8, 12 and 16 kg ha-1) of manganese (Mn) alongwith 150-100-60 kg NPK ha-1 application. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three repeats under irrigated conditions at Agriculture Research Farm Karor, District Layyah. NPK was applied in the form of urea, triple super phosphate and sulphate of potash while Mn was applied in the form of manganese sulphate (30% Mn). Wheat variety BK-2002 was tested for both the years. Average of two years results showed a positive and significant response of wheat to Mn application. The highest grain yield of 4.59 t ha-1 was achieved with the highest application of 16 kg Mn ha-1 along with NPK against 3.96 t ha-1 from NPK alone. Maximum wheat straw yield of 6.11 t ha-1 was obtained with the 16 kg Mn ha-1 while lowest (5.67 t ha-1) with the NPK alone. The uptake of N, K and Mn was significantly increased with the application of Mn except P.


Abbas G.,Adaptive Research Farm | Mohy-ud-Din Q.,Adaptive Research station Mianwalli | Ullah K.,Adaptive Research Farm | Aslam M.,Adaptive Research Farm
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences | Year: 2010

Phosphatic fertilizer has a great importance for Mungbean. It not only increases the yield and yield components of the crop but also improve the quality of the proroduce. A Field experiments were conducted under Adaptive Research Station, to evaluate the influence of three levels of phosphatic fertilizer on mung at Mianwali for two consecutive kharif seasons i.e. 2007 and 2008. The experiment comprised of four treatments viz, control, Phosphatic fertilizer @ 30 Kg ha-1 with started dose of nitrogen, Phosphatic fertilizer @ 57 Kg ha-1and Phosphatic fertilizer @ 84 Kg ha-1. Experiments were laid in randomized complete block design with three replications. The results revealed that all the levels of phosphatic fertilizer showed significant impact on mung compared to that of control plots, However, treatment of Phosphatic fertilizer @ 84 Kg ha-1 out yielded rest of the treatments giving the maximum yield components and grain yield during both years.

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