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Punjab, Pakistan

Aslam M.,Gomal University | Aslam M.,Adaptive Research Farm | Khan M.A.,Gomal University | Awan L.U.,Gomal University | And 3 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

This field experiment was undertaken on already green manured soil for comparing the efficiency of various organic manures used as alone and in combination, for wheat production. Organic matter sources/treatments used in the study were: Farm Yard Manure (FYM), Poultry Litter (PL), Press Mud (PM) and Sewage Sludge (SS). The amount of each organic amendments used singly was 20 t/ha, while their combinations had 10 t/ha for each of the two amendments making a total of 20 t/ha in a treatment. The experiment was conducted on wheat cv. Bhakkar 2002 as test crop for two consecutive growing seasons (year 2004-05 and 2005-06). Results revealed that Application of all types of organic materials (FYM, PL, PM and SS) and their combinations improved the growth and yield attributes of wheat significantly over control in both the years. The highest biological and grain yield was obtained with the application of PL alone followed by FYM+PL and PL+PM, with a significant difference among them. Economic analysis revealed that the value of Cost-Benefit Ratio (CBR) was highest with FYM+PL followed by PM+SS and PL+PM. The lowest CBR values were recorded under FYM alone and FYM+SS. This was mainly due to smaller yield increase and additional income with these treatments. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.


Aslam M.,Gomal University | Aslam M.,Adaptive Research Farm | Khan M.A.,Gomal University | Awan L.U.,Gomal University | And 3 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

A field study was conducted on pre-green manured soil for the comparison of different organic manures applied singly and combined, for the production of wheat cv. Bhakkar 2002. Organic amendments used in the experiment included Farmyard Manure (FYM), Poultry Litter (PL), Press Mud (PM) and Sewage Sludge (SS). Quantity of the organic manures used as alone was 20 t ha -1 and their combinations contained 10 t ha -1 for each of the two amendments making up 20 t ha -1. The study was undertaken for two consecutive wheat growing seasons. The results indicated that combined use of PL, SS and their integration with other organic materials raised N contents in soil, wheat grain and straw to the maximum. The highest P contents in soil, wheat grain and straw were found with SS followed by SS+PL and PL alone and the highest K contents were recorded with PL, PL+PM and PM alone. It was found that N, P and K contents in soil, wheat grain and straw were highly correlated with N, P and K contents in the organic amendments. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.


Khattak J.Z.K.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | Mir A.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | Anwar Z.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | Wahedi H.M.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | And 3 more authors.
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2011

Almost every Muslim either fully practicing Islam or not is seriously concerned about what he or she eats. Muslims observe the divine laws in every aspect of life. There is a complete code of dietary laws present in the Holy Quran for the followers of Islam. Some basic principles are described as all foods are permitted except those mentioned clearly in the Holy Quran. The most recent advancements of biotechnology in field of food industry like status of GMO's, use of genes, enzymes, food additives or enhancer in food in Islam deduced by the Ijma or Qiyas. These if obtained from plant origin would be considered as Halal. If obtained from animals then Islamic Shari'ah put some restrictions about the animal that it should be permitted by Supreme law giver, and should be fit, clean and wholesome for health. The world has become global supermarket with the presence of improved communication and transportation system. Islam is the world second largest religion and more than 1.2 billion Muslims consume Halal products. The need of Halal food increases with the increase of Muslim population globally. The Halal foods should be mentioned clearly by labeling the hidden food ingredients, for example enzymes. The Muslim scholars need to infer opinions with the advancement of biotechnology. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2011.


Abbas G.,Adaptive Research Farm | Khan M.Q.,Gomal University | Khan M.J.,Gomal University | Tahir M.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | And 2 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Botany | Year: 2011

The study was carried out for two consecutive years (2005-06 to 2006-07) to evaluate the wheat response to five different levels (0, 4, 8, 12 and 16 kg ha-1) of manganese (Mn) alongwith 150-100-60 kg NPK ha-1 application. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three repeats under irrigated conditions at Agriculture Research Farm Karor, District Layyah. NPK was applied in the form of urea, triple super phosphate and sulphate of potash while Mn was applied in the form of manganese sulphate (30% Mn). Wheat variety BK-2002 was tested for both the years. Average of two years results showed a positive and significant response of wheat to Mn application. The highest grain yield of 4.59 t ha-1 was achieved with the highest application of 16 kg Mn ha-1 along with NPK against 3.96 t ha-1 from NPK alone. Maximum wheat straw yield of 6.11 t ha-1 was obtained with the 16 kg Mn ha-1 while lowest (5.67 t ha-1) with the NPK alone. The uptake of N, K and Mn was significantly increased with the application of Mn except P.


Abbas G.,Adaptive Research Farm | Khattak J.Z.K.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | Mir A.,International Islamic University, Islamabad | Ishaque M.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences | Year: 2012

Recently, the interest in organic farming is increasing among the researchers and farmers due to the advent of high yielding cultivars and escalating fertilizer prices. Application of different organic manures in combination with inorganic fertilizer to wheat crop might give a substitute under field condition. A field experiment was conducted for two consecutive years (2007-09) with the objective to find out the best combination and type of organic and inorganic fertilizers for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The treatments were: control (T1, no manure), departmental recommendation 128+114+62 NPK Kg ha-1 (T2), farmyard manure @ 10 tons ha-1 at time of seed bed preparation (T3), poultry manure @ 6 tons ha-1 + 128-114-62 Kg ha-1 NPK (T4). At maturity, plant height (cm), spike length (cm), number of spikelets per spike and grain yield from 1m2 area of randomly selected plants were recorded. Results led to the conclusion that T4 gave the best result with combination of 6 t/ha poultry manure + 128-114-62 kg ha NPK.

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