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SEATTLE, WA, United States

Patent
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and Adaptive Biotechnologies Corporation | Date: 2014-03-06

Compositions and methods are described for highly sensitive quantification of the relative representation of DNA from adaptive immune cells (e.g., T and/or B lymphocytes) in DNA extracted from complex mixtures of cells that include cells which are not adaptive immune cells. Included are methods for determining the relative presence in a tumor of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL), the relative presence of lymphocytes infiltrating a somatic tissue that is the target of an autoimmune disease, and the relative presence of lymphocytes infiltrating a transplanted organ.


Patent
Adaptive Biotechnologies Corporation | Date: 2014-07-07

Compositions and methods are disclosed for uniquely tagging each rearranged gene segment that encodes a T cell receptor (TCR) and/or an immunoglobulin (Ig), in a DNA (or mRNA or cDNA reverse transcribed therefrom) sample from lymphoid cells. These and related embodiments permit accurate, high throughput quantification of distinct TCR and/or Ig encoding sequences. Also provided are compositions and methods for quantitatively sequencing the genes that encode both chains of a TCR or Ig heterodimer in a single cell, for example, to characterize the degree of T or B cell clonality in a sample.


Patent
Adaptive Biotechnologies Corporation | Date: 2015-06-05

Compositions and methods are disclosed for uniquely tagging each rearranged gene segment that encodes a T cell receptor (TCR) and/or an immunoglobulin (Ig), in a DNA (or mRNA or cDNA reverse transcribed therefrom) sample from lymphoid cells. These and related embodiments permit accurate, high throughput quantification of distinct TCR and/or Ig encoding sequences. Also provided are compositions and methods for quantitatively sequencing the genes that encode both chains of a TCR or Ig heterodimer in a single cell, for example, to characterize the degree of T or B cell clonality in a sample.


Compositions and methods are described for standardizing the DNA amplification efficiencies of a highly heterogeneous set of oligonucleotide primers as may typically be used to amplify a heterogeneous set of DNA templates that contains rearranged lymphoid cell DNA encoding T cell receptors (TCR) or immunoglobulins (IG). The presently disclosed embodiments are useful to overcome undesirable bias in the utilization of a subset of amplification primers, which leads to imprecision in multiplexed high throughput sequencing of amplification products to quantify unique TCR or Ig encoding genomes in a sample. Provided is a composition comprising a diverse plurality of template oligonucleotides in substantially equimolar amounts, for use as a calibration standard for amplification primer sets. Also provided are methods for identifying and correcting biased primer efficiency during amplification.


Patent
Adaptive Biotechnologies Corporation | Date: 2014-08-28

Compositions and methods are described for highly sensitive quantification of the relative representation of DNA from adaptive immune cells (e.g., T and/or B lymphocytes) in DNA extracted from complex mixtures of cells that include cells which are not adaptive immune cells. Included are methods for determining the relative presence in a tumor of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL), the relative presence of lymphocytes infiltrating a somatic tissue that is the target of an autoimmune disease, and the relative presence of lymphocytes infiltrating a transplanted organ.

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