Alamosa East, CO, United States

Adams State College
Alamosa East, CO, United States

Adams State University is a small state-supported liberal arts university in Alamosa, Colorado, U.S., in the San Luis Valley. It is home to the Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve. ASU is in the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference and its mascot is the Grizzly Bear. It offers a variety of programs including master's degrees. Wikipedia.

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Loveland S.,Adams State College
SIGCSE'11 - Proceedings of the 42nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education | Year: 2011

Recently, several frameworks have been developed for writing mobile and web applications in Java, making the development of web and mobile applications accessible to HCI students with only a CS1 Java background. In this paper we describe using student projects based on the Google Android mobile platform and Google's Web Toolkit to provide students with experience designing and implementing user interfaces for mobile and web applications. Specific examples demonstrate how programming on these platforms reinforces standard HCI topics. As a result of being able to learn mobile device programming in the context of "cool" Google platforms, students expressed increased interest in studying HCI.

Kern B.D.,Adams State College | Robinson T.L.,Adams State College
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research | Year: 2011

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of β-alanine as an ergogenic aid in tests of anaerobic power output after 8 weeks of high-intensity interval, repeated sprint, and resistance training in previously trained collegiate wrestlers (WR) and football (FB) players. Twenty-two college WRs (19.9 ± 1.9 years, age ± SD) and 15 college FB players (18.6 ± 1.5 years) participated in this double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Each subject ingested either 4 g·d -1 β-alanine or placebo in powdered capsule form. Subjects were tested pre and posttreatment in timed 300-yd shuttle, 90° flexed-arm hang (FAH), body composition, and blood lactate after 300-yd shuttle. Although not statistically significant (p > 0.05) subjects taking β-alanine achieved more desirable results on all tests compared to those on placebo. Performance improvements were greatest in the FB supplement group, decreasing 300 shuttle time by 1.1 seconds (vs. 0.4- second placebo) and increasing FAH (3.0 vs. 0.39 seconds). The wrestlers, both placebo and supplement, lost weight (as was the goal, i.e., weight bracket allowance); however, the supplement group increased lean mass by 1.1 lb, whereas the placebo group lost lean mass (20.98 lb). Both FB groups gained weight; however, the supplement group gained an average 2.1-lb lean mass compared to 1.1 lb for placebo. β-Alanine appears to have the ability to augment performance and stimulate lean mass accrual in a short amount of time (8 weeks) in previously trained athletes. Training regimen may have an effect on the degree of benefit from β-alanine supplementation. © 2011 National Strength and Conditioning Association.

Nathan Pipitone R.,Adams State College | Gallup G.G.,Albany State University
Ethology | Year: 2012

Research shows that hormonal changes in women across the menstrual cycle affect vocal production. Most work has documented shifts at high fertility times (i.e., ovulation) or during premenstruation. However, hormonal changes at menstruation also affect female physiology and behavior and could affect vocal production. The present studies investigated perceptual differences in voices recorded during menstruation compared with recordings taken at other times of the menstrual cycle. Results show that male raters could reliably identify voices recorded during menstruation with or without the presence of a voice recorded closest to ovulation. In addition, voices recorded at menstruation were identified as being the most unattractive. These findings indicate that voice recordings taken at times of lowest fertility may uniquely impact women's vocal production and that perceptions of voice based on cycle phase are not specific to the time of heightened fertility. Implications for the evolution of human menstrual cycle cues are discussed. © 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

Geospatial skills are critical to effective geologic mapping, and many geoscience students experience challenges in developing good geologic interpretation and projection skills. A physical (non-virtual) underground mine mapping simulation in a building on the Adams State College campus in Alamosa, Colorado, provides an excellent cost-effective and efficient learning tool to prepare students for actual field mapping, while improving spatial thinking using a physical hands-on setting. In this simulation students act as mine geologists, completing simulated mine mapping work tasks. Mapping and interpretive skills are enhanced in an adaptable, flexible, and easily implemented simulation that is software independent. The mine simulation is well received by students as an effective training and learning tool.

Ikle M.,Adams State College | Goertzel B.,Novamente LLC
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2011

Inspired by a broader perspective viewing intelligent system dynamics in terms of the geometry of "cognitive spaces," we conduct a preliminary investigation of the application of information-geometry based learning to ECAN (Economic Attention Networks), the component of the integrative OpenCog AGI system concerned with attention allocation and credit assignment. We generalize Amari's "natural gradient" algorithm for network learning to encompass ECAN and other recurrent networks, and apply it to small example cases of ECAN, demonstrating a dramatic improvement in the effectiveness of attention allocation compared to prior (Hebbian learning like) ECAN methods. Scaling up the method to deal with realistically-sized ECAN networks as used in OpenCog remains for the future, but should be achievable using sparse matrix methods on GPUs. © 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Bedard J.E.J.,University of Cincinnati | Bedard J.E.J.,Adams State College | Haaning A.M.,University of Cincinnati | Ware S.M.,University of Cincinnati
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Patients with heterotaxy have characteristic cardiovascular malformations, abnormal arrangement of their visceral organs, and midline patterning defects that result from abnormal left-right patterning during embryogenesis. Loss of function of the transcription factor ZIC3 causes X-linked heterotaxy and isolated congenital heart malformations and represents one of the few known monogenic causes of congenital heart disease. The birth incidence of heterotaxy-spectrum malformations is significantly higher in males, but our previous work indicated that mutations within ZIC3 did not account for the male over-representation. Therefore, cross species comparative sequence alignment was used to identify a putative novel fourth exon, and the existence of a novel alternatively spliced transcript was confirmed by amplification from murine embryonic RNA and subsequent sequencing. This transcript, termed Zic3-B, encompasses exons 1, 2, and 4 whereas Zic3-A encompasses exons 1, 2, and 3. The resulting protein isoforms are 466 and 456 amino acid residues respectively, sharing the first 407 residues. Importantly, the last two amino acids in the fifth zinc finger DNA binding domain are altered in the Zic3-B isoform, indicating a potential functional difference that was further evaluated by expression, subcellular localization, and transactivation analyses. The temporo-spatial expression pattern of Zic3-B overlaps with Zic3-A in vivo, and both isoforms are localized to the nucleus in vitro. Both isoforms can transcriptionally activate a Gli binding site reporter, but only ZIC3-A synergistically activates upon co-transfection with Gli3, suggesting that the isoforms are functionally distinct. Screening 109 familial and sporadic male heterotaxy cases did not identify pathogenic mutations in the newly identified fourth exon and larger studies are necessary to establish the importance of the novel isoform in human disease. © 2011 Bedard et al.

Mitchell G.A.,Adams State College | Harrison D.W.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology | Year: 2010

In order to examine the neuropsychological effects of hostility on emotional and pain processing, auditory emotion perception before and after cold pressor pain in high and low hostile men was examined. Additionally, quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) was recorded between each experimental manipulation. Results indicated that identification of emotion post cold pressor differed as a function of hostility level and ear. Primary QEEG findings indicated increased left temporal activation after cold pressor exposure and increased reactivity to cold pressor pain in the high hostile group. Low hostile men had a bilateral increase in high beta magnitude at the temporal lobes and a bilateral increase in delta magnitude at the frontal lobes after the cold pressor. Taken together, results from the dichotic listening task and the QEEG suggest decreased cerebral laterality and left hemisphere activation for emotional and pain processing in high hostile men. © 2009 Psychology Press.

Beeton J.M.,Adams State College | Mandel R.D.,University of Kansas
Geoarchaeology | Year: 2011

Temporal and spatial patterns of landscape evolution strongly influence the temporal and spatial patterns of the archaeological record in drainage systems. In this geoarchaeological investigation we took a basin-wide approach in assessing the soil stratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, and geochronology of alluvial deposits and associated buried soils in the Cottonwood River basin of east-central Kansas. Patterns of landscape evolution emerge when stratigraphic sequences and radiocarbon chronologies are compared by stream size and landform type. In the valleys of high-order streams (≥4th order) the Younger Dryas Chronozone (ca. 11,000-10,000 14C yr B.P.) was characterized by slow aggradation accompanied by pedogenesis, resulting in the development of organic-rich cumulic soils. Between ca. 10,000 and 4900 14C yr B.P., aggradation punctuated by soil formation was the dominant process in those valleys. Alluvial fans formed on the margins of high-order stream valleys during the early and middle Holocene (ca. 9000-5000 14C yr B.P.) and continued to develop slowly until ca. 3000-2000 14C yr B.P. The late-Holocene record of high-order streams is characterized by episodes of entrenchment, rapid aggradation, and slow aggradation punctuated by soil development. By contrast, the early and middle Holocene (ca. 10,000-5000 14C yr B.P.) was a period of net erosion in the valleys of low-order streams. However, during the late Holocene small valleys became zones of net sediment storage. Consideration of the effects of these patterns of landscape evolution on the archaeological record is crucial for accurately interpreting that record and searching for buried archaeological deposits dating to specific cultural periods. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc..

Weiss S.M.,Adams State College
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport | Year: 2011

The effects of switching focusing strategies on complex motor skill learning were investigated using a dart-throwing task. Participants were screened for reinvestment of conscious processing by completing the Reinvestment Scale (RS) of Masters, Polman, and Hammond (1993). After an initial baseline phase, two focusing strategies were described. Low and high reinvestem were then asked which of the strategies was used during baseline. Regardless of preference, they were requested to change focus. Novice dart-players used either a nonpreferred internal focus (EI), in which they were asked to concentrate on movements of their body, or a nonpreferred external focus (IE), in which they were asked to focus on the effects of their movements. This procedure produced two separate groups, EI and IE. Those scoring low and high on the RS were separated, thus producing four groups. Participants in the EI high group were the least successful. These results support the findings of earlier studies suggesting that switching to an EI is detrimental. Additionally, it appears that high reinvestors switching from a preferred. IE to a nonpreferred, EI are the most susceptible to unsuccessful performance. ©2011 by the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education. Recreation and Dance.

Weiss S.,Adams State College
Substance Use and Misuse | Year: 2010

Data on 503 students from rural and urban areas were collected from January 2009 to October 2009 to test for cross-addiction of alcohol dependency with disordered gambling among college athletes and nonathletes. To test for alcohol dependency, the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST) was employed, while the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) was utilized to assess gambling behaviors. Athletes had higher frequencies of cross-addiction. For athletes there was a correlation between scores on the MAST and SOGS. Limitations related to data collection are discussed. Recommendations for further research directed toward the development of programs geared to assist students are given. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

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