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Konieczny M.T.,Medical University of Gdańsk | Buakowska A.,Medical University of Gdańsk | Pirska D.,Medical University of Gdańsk | Konieczny W.,Medical University of Gdańsk | And 6 more authors.
Chemical Biology and Drug Design | Year: 2016

Synthesis, in vitro cytotoxic activity, and interaction with tubulin of oxidized, isomeric 1-(5-alkoxybenzo[d][1,3]oxathiol-6-yl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-ones and 1-(6-alkoxybenzo[d][1,3]oxathiol-5-yl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-ones are described. Most of the compounds demonstrated cytotoxic activity at submicromolar concentrations. It was found that oxidation of sulfur atom of the oxathiole-fused chalcones strongly influenced activity of the parent compounds, and that depending on relative position of the sulfur atom in the molecule, the activity was either increased or diminished. For isomers with sulfur atom para to the chalcone carbonyl group, oxidation led to increase in activity, while for isomers with sulfur atom meta to the carbonyl the activity dropped down. It was demonstrated that the compounds interact with tubulin at the colchicine binding site, and the interaction was evaluated using molecular modeling. It was concluded that the observed profound influence of oxidation of the sulfur atom on cytotoxic activity cannot be solely related to interaction of the compounds with tubulin. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S


Konieczny M.T.,Medical University of Gdańsk | Bulakowska A.,Medical University of Gdańsk | Pirska D.,Medical University of Gdańsk | Konieczny W.,Medical University of Gdańsk | And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

Synthesis, in vitro cytotoxic activity, and interaction with tubulin of (E)-1-(6-alkoxybenzo[d][1,3]oxathiol-5-yl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one derivatives (2) are described. Some of the compounds demonstrated cytotoxic activity at submicromolar concentrations, and the activity could be related to interaction with tubulin at the colchicine binding site. Interaction of selected derivatives with tubulin was evaluated using molecular modeling, and two different modes of the interaction were identified. The proposed models demonstrate how particular structural fragments participate in binding to the tubulin and explain the importance of the fragments for cytotoxic activity. It was demonstrated that concerning binding to tubulin, the 6-alkoxybenzoxathiole ring can be considered as structural equivalent of trimethoxyphenyl motif of colchicine, podophyllotoxin or combretastatin A4. The observation opened new ways of rational modifications of several groups of tubulin binders. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.


Kwapiszewski R.,Adamed Group | Pawlak S.D.,Adamed Group
Targeted Oncology | Year: 2016

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one of the most important and attractive targets for specific anticancer therapies. It is a robust regulator of pathways involved in cancer pathogenesis and progression. Thus far, clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of monoclonal antibodies and synthetic tyrosine kinase inhibitors in targeting this receptor; however, novel strategies are still being developed. This article reviews the current state of efforts in targeting the EGFR in cancer therapy. Following a brief characterization of EGFR, we will present a complete list of anti-EGFR agents that are already approved, and available in clinical practice. Aside from the indications, we will present the sales forecasts and expiry dates of product patents for the selected agents. Finally, we discuss the novel anti-EGFR strategies that are currently in preclinical development.[Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland


PubMed | King's College London and Adamed Group
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Targeted oncology | Year: 2016

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one of the most important and attractive targets for specific anticancer therapies. It is a robust regulator of pathways involved in cancer pathogenesis and progression. Thus far, clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of monoclonal antibodies and synthetic tyrosine kinase inhibitors in targeting this receptor; however, novel strategies are still being developed. This article reviews the current state of efforts in targeting the EGFR in cancer therapy. Following a brief characterization of EGFR, we will present a complete list of anti-EGFR agents that are already approved, and available in clinical practice. Aside from the indications, we will present the sales forecasts and expiry dates of product patents for the selected agents. Finally, we discuss the novel anti-EGFR strategies that are currently in preclinical development.


Kozak W.,Technical University of Gdansk | Dasko M.,Technical University of Gdansk | Maslyk M.,Catholic University of Lublin | Pieczykolan J.S.,Adamed Group | And 3 more authors.
RSC Advances | Year: 2014

In the present work, we report convenient methods for the synthesis and biological evaluation of phosphate tricyclic coumarin derivatives as potential steroid sulfatase inhibitors. The described synthesis includes the straightforward preparation of 7-hydroxy-2,3-dihydro-1H-cyclopenta[c]chromen-4-one, 3-hydroxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-6-one and 3-hydroxy-8,9,10,11-tetrahydro-7H-cyclohepta[c]chromen-6-one modified with various phosphate moieties. The inhibitory effects of the synthesized compounds were tested on STS isolated from human placenta as well as the MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435S cancer cell lines. Most of the new STS inhibitors possessed IC50 values between 21 to 159 μM. In the course of our investigation, the largest inhibitory effects in the STS enzyme assays were observed for the three compounds 9p, 9r and 9s, with IC50 values of 36.4, 37.8 and 21.5 μM, respectively (IC50 value of 1.0 μM for the 665-COUMATE used as a reference). The compound 9r, exhibited the highest potency against MCF-7, an estrogen receptor positive (ER+) cell line, with a GI50 value of 24.7 μM. The structure-activity relationships of the synthesized coumarin derivatives with the STS enzyme are discussed. © 2014 the Partner Organisations.


PubMed | Medical University of Gdańsk, Technical University of Gdansk and Adamed Group
Type: | Journal: European journal of medicinal chemistry | Year: 2014

Synthesis, in vitro cytotoxic activity, and interaction with tubulin of (E)-1-(6-alkoxybenzo[d][1,3]oxathiol-5-yl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one derivatives (2) are described. Some of the compounds demonstrated cytotoxic activity at submicromolar concentrations, and the activity could be related to interaction with tubulin at the colchicine binding site. Interaction of selected derivatives with tubulin was evaluated using molecular modeling, and two different modes of the interaction were identified. The proposed models demonstrate how particular structural fragments participate in binding to the tubulin and explain the importance of the fragments for cytotoxic activity. It was demonstrated that concerning binding to tubulin, the 6-alkoxybenzoxathiole ring can be considered as structural equivalent of trimethoxyphenyl motif of colchicine, podophyllotoxin or combretastatin A4. The observation opened new ways of rational modifications of several groups of tubulin binders.


Pieczykolan J.S.,Adamed Group | Kubinski K.,Catholic University of Lublin | Maslyk M.,Catholic University of Lublin | Pawlak S.D.,Adamed Group | And 12 more authors.
Investigational New Drugs | Year: 2014

Summary Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and its receptors became promising molecules for selective targeting of tumor cells without affecting normal tissue. Unfortunately, cancer cells have developed a number of mechanisms that confer resistance to TRAIL\Apo2L-induced apoptosis, which substantiates the need for development of alternative therapeutic strategies. Here we present a recombinant variant of TRAIL\Apo2L peptide, named AD-O53.2, fused to the peptide-derived from Smac/Diablo protein-the natural inhibitor of the apoptotic X-linked IAP (XIAP) protein considered as a pro-apoptotic agent. The proposed mechanism of action for this construct involves specific targeting of the tumor by TRAIL\Apo2L followed by activation and internalization of pro-apoptotic peptide into the cancer cells. While in the cytoplasm, the Smac\Diablo peptide inhibits activity of X-linked IAP (XIAP) proteins and promotes caspase-mediated apoptosis. AD-O53.2 construct was expressed in E.coli and purified by Ion Exchange Chromatography (IEC). Derived protein was initially characterized by circular dichroism spectroscopy (CD), HPLC-SEC chromatography, surface plasmon resonance, protease activation and cell proliferation assays. Our Smac/Diablo-TRAIL fusion variant was tested against a panel of cancer cells (including lung, colorectal, pancreatic, liver, kidney and uterine) and showed a potent cytotoxic effect with the IC50 values in femtomolar range for the most sensitive cell lines, while it remained ineffective against non-transformed HUVEC cells as well as isolated normal human and rat hepatocytes. Importantly, the construct was well tolerated by animals and significantly reduced the rate of the tumor growth in colon and lung adenocarcinoma animal models. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and its receptors became promising molecules for selective targeting of tumor cells without affecting normal tissue. Unfortunately, cancer cells have developed a number of mechanisms that confer resistance to TRAIL\Apo2L-induced apoptosis, which substantiates the need for development of alternative therapeutic strategies. Here we present a recombinant variant of TRAIL\Apo2L peptide, named AD-O53.2, fused to the peptide-derived from Smac/Diablo protein-the natural inhibitor of the apoptotic X-linked IAP (XIAP) protein considered as a pro-apoptotic agent. The proposed mechanism of action for this construct involves specific targeting of the tumor by TRAIL\Apo2L followed by activation and internalization of pro-apoptotic peptide into the cancer cells. While in the cytoplasm , the Smac\Diablo peptide inhibits activity of X-linked IAP (XIAP) proteins and promotes caspase-mediated apoptosis. AD-O53.2 construct was expressed in E.coli and purified by Ion Exchange Chromatography (IEC). Derived protein was initially characterized by circular dichroism spectroscopy (CD), HPLC-SEC chromatography, surface plasmon resonance, protease activation and cell proliferation assays. Our Smac/Diablo-TRAIL fusion variant was tested against a panel of cancer cells (including lung, colorectal, pancreatic, liver, kidney and uterine) and showed a potent cytotoxic effect with the IC50 values in femtomolar range for the most sensitive cell lines, while it remained ineffective against non-transformed HUVEC cells as well as isolated normal human and rat hepatocytes. Importantly, the construct was well tolerated by animals and significantly reduced the rate of the tumor growth in colon and lung adenocarcinoma animal models.

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