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Sennbro C.J.,Active Biotech | Knutsson M.,Ferring Pharmaceuticals A S | Van Amsterdam P.,Abbott Laboratories | Timmerman P.,Janssen Research and Development
Bioanalysis | Year: 2011

Background: In regulated bioanalysis, the need for partial validation when changing the counter ion of the anticoagulant is currently being debated within the bioanalytical community. To date, industry and the health authorities have not yet reached a consensus on this issue. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of a change in counter ion when using the same anticoagulant on LC-MS/MS assay performance for a broad array of new chemical entities, compiling data generated at companies within the European Bioanalysis Forum (EBF). Results: In all, 15 EBF member companies provided experimental data on partial validation. In total, data from 42 LC-MS/MS assays were evaluated. The results show that a change in counter ion when using the same anticoagulant had no impact on assay performance. Conclusion: Based on these results and on conclusions from previous studies, the EBF recommends that in regulated bioanalysis, plasma samples containing different counter ions, but the same anticoagulant, should be regarded as equal matrices, thus removing any need for partial validation. © 2011 Future Science Ltd.

Objective To assess the efficacy of paquinimod, a new immunomodulatory small molecule, in a murine lupus model, and to evaluate its pharmacokinetics and tolerability in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients at doses predicted to be efficacious and safe and determine the maximum tolerated dose. Methods The efficacy of paquinimod was studied in lupus-prone MRL-lpr/lpr mice and compared with that of established SLE treatments. Dose-response data and pharmacokinetic data were used to calculate effective and safe clinical doses of paquinimod. The pharmacokinetics and tolerability of paquinimod were evaluated in a phase Ib double-blind, placebo controlled, dose-ranging study in which cohorts of SLE patients received daily oral treatment for 12 weeks. Results Paquinimod treatment resulted in disease inhibition in MRL-lpr/lpr mice, comparable to that obtained with prednisolone and mycophenolate mofetil; prominent effects on disease manifestations and serologic markers and a steroid-sparing effect were observed. In patients with SLE, the pharmacokinetic properties of paquinimod were linear and well suitable for once-daily oral treatment. The majority of the adverse events (AEs) were mild or moderate, and transient. The most frequent AEs were arthralgia and myalgia, reported with the highest dose levels of paquinimod (4.5 mg/day and 6.0 mg/day). At the 4.5 mg/day dose level and higher, some AEs of severe intensity and serious adverse events were reported. Conclusion Paquinimod effectively inhibited disease and had a steroid-sparing effect in experimental lupus. Results from preclinical models together with pharmacokinetic data were successfully translated into a safe clinical dose range, and doses of up to 3.0 mg/day were well tolerated in the SLE patients. Taken together, the promising combined data from a murine model and human SLE support the future clinical development of paquinimod. Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Rheumatology.

Pili R.,Roswell Park Cancer Institute | Haggman M.,Uppsala University Hospital | Stadler W.M.,University of Chicago | Gingrich J.R.,University of Pittsburgh | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2011

Purpose: The activity of the novel antitumor agent tasquinimod (TASQ) with S100A9 as a molecular target was investigated in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and minimal symptoms. Patients and Methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II trial in men assigned (at a ratio of two to one) to either oral once-daily TASQ 0.25 mg/d escalating to 1.0 mg/d over 4 weeks or placebo. The primary end point was the proportion of patients without disease progression at 6 months, defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Group, Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG2), or pain criteria, excluding prostate-specific antigen. Results: Two hundred one men (134 assigned to TASQ; 67 to placebo) were evaluable, and baseline characteristics were well balanced. Six-month progression-free proportions for TASQ and placebo groups were 69% and 37%, respectively (P < .001), and median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.6 versus 3.3 months (P =.0042). In PCWG2 CRPC clinical subgroups, PFS in months was as follows: nodal metastases, 6.1 versus 3.1; bone metastases, 8.8 versus 3.4; and visceral metastases, 6.0 versus 3.0 for patients receiving TASQ versus placebo, respectively. Bone alkaline phosphatase levels were stabilized in the TASQ group, whereas the impact on PSA kinetics was less pronounced. Adverse events (AEs) occurring more frequently in the TASQ arm included GI disorders, fatigue, musculoskeletal pains, and elevations of pancreatic and inflammatory biomarkers. Grade 3 to 4 AEs, including asymptomatic elevations of laboratory parameters, were reported in 40% of patients receiving TASQ versus 10% receiving placebo; deep vein thrombosis (4% v 0%) was more common in the TASQ arm. Conclusion: TASQ significantly slowed progression and improved PFS in patients with metastatic CRPC with an acceptable AE profile. © 2011 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Foell D.,University Childrens Hospital Muenster | Foell D.,The Interdisciplinary Center | Wittkowski H.,University Childrens Hospital Muenster | Kessel C.,University Childrens Hospital Muenster | And 13 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2013

Rationale: S100A12 is overexpressed during inflammation and is a marker of inflammatory disease. Furthermore, it has been ascribed to thegroupofdamage- associated molecular pattern molecules that promote inflammation. However, the exact role of human S100A12 during early steps of immune activation and sepsis is only partially described thus far. Objectives: We analyzed the activation of human monocytes by granulocyte-derived S100A12 as a key function of early inflammatory processes and the development of sepsis. Methods: CirculatingS100A12wasdeterminedin patients with sepsis and in healthy subjects with experimental endotoxemia. The release of human S100A12 from granulocytes as well as the promotion of inflammation byactivation ofhumanmonocytesafter specific receptor interaction was investigated by a series of in vitro experiments. Measurements and Main Results: S100A12 rises during sepsis, and its expression and release from granulocytes is rapidly induced in vitro and in vivo by inflammatory challenge. A global gene expression analysis of S100A12-activated monocytes revealed that human S100A12 induces inflammatory gene expression. These effects are triggered by an interaction of S100A12 with Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Blocking S100A12 binding to TLR4 onmonocytes or TLR4 expressing cell lines (HEK-TCM) abrogatestherespective inflammatorysignal. Onthecontrary,blocking S100A12 binding to its second proposed receptor (receptor for advanced glycation end products [RAGE]) has no significant effect on inflammatory signaling inmonocytes and RAGE-expressing HEK293 cells. Conclusions:Human S100A12 is an endogenousTLR4 ligand that inducesmonocyte activation, thereby acting as an amplifier of innate immunity during early inflammation and the development of sepsis. Copyright © 2013 by the American Thoracic Society.

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