Pisa, Italy
Pisa, Italy

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Peruzzi E.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Nielsen S.,ORBICON | Macci C.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Doni S.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | And 3 more authors.
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2013

In this study, results about sludge stabilization in reed bed systems (RBSs) after the entire period of operation in two different systems situated in Denmark (Helsinge 42,000 population equivalent (p.e.) - 10 years) and in Italy (La Fontina, 30,000 p.e. - 6 years) were presented. In order to evaluate the process of sludge stabilization, parameters that highlighted the biochemical and chemico-structural properties of organic sludge matter have been determined. The level of total and soluble nutrients, and enzyme activities, parameters related to overall microbial activity, showed that stabilization of the sludge similarly occurred in both RBSs, even though in different landscape ecosystems. The chemical-structural characterization of sludge organic matter highlighted how the processes of stabilization have occurred satisfactorily in both RBSs; in fact, significant levels of pyrolytic indices for mineralization and humification were reached. The successful stabilization of organic matter occurred in both RBSs and was confirmed by the absence of Escherichia coli, and also by the results of organic compounds (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, linear alkyl benzene sulfonates, nonylphenol ethoxylates, di-2-ethylhexyl- phthalate) and heavy metals. © IWA Publishing 2013.


Peruzzi E.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Masciandaro G.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Macci C.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Doni S.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | And 3 more authors.
Ecological Engineering | Year: 2011

The presence of heavy metals in sludge stabilized in a reed bed system may affect its use for agricultural purposes. However, the environmental impact of sludge depends on the availability and phytotoxicity of these heavy metals. The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of a reed bed (Phragmites australis) sludge treatment system in two urban wastewater treatment plants in Italy after a three-year period of operation: (i) by estimating the process of sludge stabilization, following conventional and nonconventional parameters related to the evolution of organic matter quality (water soluble carbon, dehydrogenase activity, pyrolytic fragments); (ii) by following the heavy metal bioavailability in the sludge through their fractionation. For heavy metal fractionation, the Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) was followed. The results showed that there was mineralization and stabilization of sludge over time, suggested by the decrease of about 35% in water soluble carbon and of about 60-80% of dehydrogenase activity. Moreover, significant values of benzene (17%), toluene (31%) and phenol (9%) were found at the end of experimentation in both treatment wetlands, highlighting the re-synthesis of humic-like matter. The results also showed that the content of heavy metals after 30 months was associated with the less mobile fractions of the sludge (more than 60% of total heavy metal content for almost metal), in particular, the fraction linked to the organic matter. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Masciandaro G.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Iannelli R.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Chiarugi M.,UNIPI DESTEC | Peruzzi E.,ACQUE SPA
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2015

In recent years, reed bed systems (RBSs) have been widely considered as a valid technology for sludge treatment. In this study are presented results about sludge stabilization occurring within beds in four RBSs, situated in Tuscany (Italy). The results showed that stabilization of the sludge over timeoccurred in all RBSs, as shown by the low content of water-soluble carbon and dehydrogenase activity, which measures indirectly the overall microbial metabolism, and by the re-synthesis of humic-like matter highlighted by the pyrolytic indices of mineralization and humification. Results about heavy metal fractionation, an appropriate technique to estimate the heavymetal bioavailability and sludge biotoxicity, showed that the process of sludge stabilization occurring in RBSs retainsmetals in fractions related to the stabilized organicmatter, makingmetals less bioavailable.Moreover, the concentrations of various toxic organic compounds were below the limit of concentration suggested by the European Union's Working Document on Sludge, for land application. The effectiveness of the stabilization processes in RBs was hence clearly proven by the results thatmeasured mineralization and humification processes, and by the low levels of bioavailable heavy metals and toxic organic compounds in stabilized sludges. © 2015 IWA Publishing.


Peruzzi E.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Macci C.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Doni S.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study | Volpi M.,ACQUE SPA | Masciandaro G.,CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2015

In this study, results about sludge stabilization and pollutant monitoring in a reed bed system (RBSs) situated in Central Italy (Colle di Compito, 4,000 p.e.) were presented. In order to evaluate the process of sludge stabilization, parameters that highlighted the biochemical, chemical and chemico-structural properties of organic sludge matter have been followed during the entire period of operation (7 years). Moreover, the trend of heavy metals (bioavailable fractions and total content) and toxic organic compounds (LAS, NPE and DEHP) was monitored during all the period. The trend of all parameters related clearly demonstrated that sludge stabilization successfully proceeded in RBS. Moreover, through statistical analysis modelling, it is possible to determine how the stabilization process proceeded in terms of organic matter mineralization and humification, and how these processes influenced the content of pollutant compounds present in the stabilized sludges. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | UNIPI DESTEC, CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study and ACQUE SPA
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research | Year: 2015

In recent years, reed bed systems (RBSs) have been widely considered as a valid technology for sludge treatment. In this study are presented results about sludge stabilization occurring within beds in four RBSs, situated in Tuscany (Italy). The results showed that stabilization of the sludge over time occurred in all RBSs, as shown by the low content of water-soluble carbon and dehydrogenase activity, which measures indirectly the overall microbial metabolism, and by the re-synthesis of humic-like matter highlighted by the pyrolytic indices of mineralization and humification. Results about heavy metal fractionation, an appropriate technique to estimate the heavy metal bioavailability and sludge biotoxicity, showed that the process of sludge stabilization occurring in RBSs retains metals in fractions related to the stabilized organic matter, making metals less bioavailable. Moreover, the concentrations of various toxic organic compounds were below the limit of concentration suggested by the European Unions Working Document on Sludge, for land application. The effectiveness of the stabilization processes in RBs was hence clearly proven by the results that measured mineralization and humification processes, and by the low levels of bioavailable heavy metals and toxic organic compounds in stabilized sludges.

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