Achievers University, Owo

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Owo, Nigeria
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Olufunminiyi O.E.,Achievers University, Owo | Olufade F.W.O.,University of Ibadan
2014 World Congress on Computer Applications and Information Systems, WCCAIS 2014 | Year: 2014

Early detection of hidden intents and potential for future attacks or offenses is the main goal of intelligence and warning systems. Distance measurement of intrusive targets is important for indoor monitoring based on the detected intrusion target image. Calculating the distance between the target and the camera can provide the basis for the computer to determine the closeness of the invasion and probably provide information for the security alarm system. Consequently, this paper presents an image-based distance detection system for a non-zooming stationary camera observing object of known height above the ground. The image coordinates of the corresponding foot and head points of the object were manually detected and the internal and external parameters of the camera used were obtained automatically on receiving the image. Simulation results show that satisfactory measurements could be obtained where the absolute mean errors value via the proposed approach lie within 5.5%. © 2014 IEEE.


Ojiezeh T.I.,Afe Babalola University | Ogundipe O.O.,Achievers University, Owo | Adefosoye V.A.,Public Healthcare Center
Pan African Medical Journal | Year: 2015

Introduction: The incidence of co-infection of PTB and HIV/AIDS in sub-Sahara is alarming. The exotic nature of the duo infection may be responsible for high mortality among TB patients. Methods: A five year retrospective study from January 2008 to December 2012 was carried out using profiles of new cases of PTB individuals that attended National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme (NTBLCP), Owo centre. A total of 342 new cases were retrieved using a pre-designed case record forms. Vital information on demographic data, social and medical history were retrieved including laboratory results, treatment access and mortality report. Results: The prevalence of HIV sero - positive individual with PTB among the 342 new cases retrieved was 14.0%. In the studied population, incidence of infection was higher among 35 - 44 years age group, 53.8% are males and 46.2% are females. A total of 28.1% was classified as cured, 9.1% died, and 10.5 % defaulted or transferred out. Conclusion: Mortality due to co-infection is high; there is therefore the need to put-in more efforts to stem the trend of PTB and HIV/AIDs coinfection. The variation in the pattern of co-infection in different localities may be associated with the living condition, cultural and socio-economic factors. Other possible factors are enlightenment campaigns and easy access to treatments which should be step-up. © Tony Ifeanyi Ojiezeh et al.


Ojiezeh T.I.,Achievers University, Owo | Nwachukwu S.E.,Obafemi Awolowo University | Udoh S.J.,Obafemi Awolowo University
Der Pharma Chemica | Year: 2011

The antimicrobial activities of bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) extract and lime (Citrus aurantifolia) juice were compared in this study. A total of forty-five pure culture isolates, comprising of five organisms each of E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, α-haemolytic streptococcus, β-haemolytic streptococcus, Klebsiella spp, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella typhi and Shegella dysentariae were used for the investigation. The extract of bitter leaf and lime juice were prepared and serial dilutions of the extracts were impregnated into filter paper discs and allowed to dry in an oven at 45°C before use, in an agar diffusion method for the test. The results showed that five organisms (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, Klebseilla spp. and Proteus mirabilis) were susceptible to the crude extract of bitter leaf and lime juice, with a mean zone diameter of inhibition range from 18mm to 25mm. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus were found to be more sensitive in-vitro to the bitter leaf extract than lime juice extract. The degree of zone of inhibition however differs, but bitter leaf extract exhibited higher inhibitory zone for many of the isolates than lime juice. The conclusion of this study, therefore, is that bitter leaf and lime juice extract are potential antimicrobial agents.


Background: Liquid extract of Morinda lucida leaf has been demonstrated to have antiplasmodial activities. Some phytochemicals act as preventive and or scavenging antioxidants. This study aimed to investigate the preventative and scavenging properties of the raw liquid extract of M. lucida leaf using plasma myoglobin, transferrin, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione (GSH) peroxidase. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight Plasmodium-infected patients aged 29-47 years that have not been treated with any antimalaria medication but have decided to be treated traditionally using M. lucida leaf extract were recruited from 15 traditional homes in ATISBO, Saki-East, and Saki-West local government areas of Oke-Ogun - the Northern part of Oyo State-Nigeria. Identification of Plasmodium in the blood of the test and normal control subjects were carried out by Giemsha thick film technique. Packed cell volume, total bile acids, blood glucose, blood pressure, plasma myoglobin, transferrin, SOD, and GSH peroxidase (GPx) were evaluated in the normal control subjects and in the Plasmodium-infected patients before and after the treatment with raw liquid extract of M. lucida leaf. Results: A significant (P < 0.05) biochemical alterations were observed in the plasma values of transferrin, SOD, and GPx in the Plasmodium-infected patients when compared with the normal control subjects and after treatment with the raw liquid extract of M. lucida leaf. Conclusion: Our study supports the possible preventative and scavenging antioxidative effect of the raw liquid extract of M. lucida leaf in the traditional treatment of Plasmodium infection. © 2016 Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.


Adewale O.F.,Afe Babalola University | Adewale O.F.,Cape Peninsula University of Technology | Isaac O.O.,Achievers University, Owo | Tunmise M.T.,Achievers University, Owo | Omoniyi O.O.,Cape Peninsula University of Technology
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2016

This study investigated the effects of two common cooking oils (palm oil, PO) and (groundnut oil, GO) supplementation on the antioxidant status and diabetic indices in Alloxan (100mg/kg) induced diabetic Wistar rats. A total of forty-eight Wistar rats of both sexes were used for this study. They were divided into four groups of 12 animals each as: control, diabetic non-supplemented, diabetic supplemented with PO (200mg/kg/day) and diabetic supplemented with GO (200mg/kg/day) rats. Blood glucose, plasma vitamin E, SOD, Total Protein and Albumin levels were measured using standard laboratory procedures. After three weeks of supplementation there was a significant (p<0.05) reduction in blood glucose of supplemented groups compared with the diabetic non-supplemented group. Plasma Vitamins C and E, SOD, and Albumin levels were significantly (p<0.05) increased in the supplemented groups when compared with the diabetic non-supplemented group. However, the plasma levels of these parameters were found to be significantly (p<0.05) higher in the GO supplemented rats compared with the PO supplemented group. The plasma vitamin C levels in the diabetic groups were lower than in other groups while increased levels in the plasma total protein were not significant. There was no significant difference in the measured parameters in reference to the gender of the animals. It was concluded from this study that GO exhibited superior antioxidant activities and that the supplementation of red palm oil and ground nut oil as a source of antioxidant was beneficial in diabetic state as it reduced blood glucose and enhance antioxidant status.


Faremi A.Y.,Achievers University, Owo | Ekanem J.T.,University of Uyo
Asian Journal of Biochemistry | Year: 2011

The effect of Nigella sativa (black seed) oil based diet on the management of Trypanosoma brucei infected rats was investigated. Brasitaemia was monitored and haematological and enzymatic studies were carried out on liver and blood of infected rats fed with diet formulated with black seed oil (treatment). Comparison was made with untreated infected rats and uninfected rats. The diet formulated with black seed oil extended the life span for 7 and 5 days for prophylactic and early stage feeding, respectively while the late stage feeding extended it by a day. The T. brucei-infection significantly (p<0.05) increased liver Glutamate Oxaloacetate Transaminase (GOT), Glutamate Byruvate Transaminase (GBT) and Gamma Glutamyl Transaminase (GGT). Serum GOT and GBT specific activities were also significantly (p<0.05) increased. However serum GGT activity showed no significant (p<0.05) difference in all the rat groups. While haemoglobin concentration, white blood cells, red blood cells, pack cell volume, mean cell haemoglobin concentration and platelet were significantly (p<0.05) reduced, as observed in the control and late stage feeding, by the infection, prophylactic and early stage feeding with diet formulated with N. sativa oil significantly (p<0.05) improved the parameters towards those obtained in uninfected rats. We concluded that the N sativa oil used in formulated diet could be involved in the improvement of the pathologic events observed in the T. brucei infected rats with prophylactic and early stage feeding. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc.


Onekutu A.,Makurdi University Of Agriculture | Omoloye A.A.,University of Ibadan | Odebiyi J.A.,Achievers University, Owo
Journal of Entomology | Year: 2013

The eggfruit and shootborer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis (Crambidae), is a major exotic pest of garden egg, Solanum gilo, causing enormous shoot and fruit damage in Nigeria. Information of the biology is required for effective management of this field pest. Life history of EFSB was studied on susceptible variety Lv Makurdi at 27±3°C and 85±4% RH data on developmental period of immature stages and reproductive parameters and sex ratio were collected. Developmental stages consist of an egg, five larval instars, pupa and adult. Developmental periods observed were eggs (5.93 days), 1st instar (1.00 day), 2nd instar (1.16 days), 3rd instar (1.48 days), 4th instar (2.63 days), 5th instar (4.46 days), pupa (11.2 days), female (4.14 days) and male (4.31 days). The reproductive parameters observed were incubation period (5.93 days), pre-oviposition period (1.19 days), oviposition period (2.71 days) and post-oviposition period (3.75 days). The Male to Female ratio was 1:2 and actual fecundity and potential fecundity per female were 123 and 207 eggs, respectively. Laboratory studies reveal that EFSB, Leucinodes orbonalis will complete its life cycle in 28.17 days. © 2013 Academic Journals Inc.


PubMed | Cape Peninsula University of Technology and Achievers University, Owo
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences | Year: 2016

This study investigated the effects of two common cooking oils (palm oil, PO) and (groundnut oil, GO) supplementation on the antioxidant status and diabetic indices in Alloxan (100mg/kg) induced diabetic Wistar rats. A total of forty-eight Wistar rats of both sexes were used for this study. They were divided into four groups of 12 animals each as: control, diabetic non-supplemented, diabetic supplemented with PO (200mg/kg/day) and diabetic supplemented with GO (200mg/kg/day) rats. Blood glucose, plasma vitamin E, SOD, Total Protein and Albumin levels were measured using standard laboratory procedures. After three weeks of supplementation there was a significant (p<0.05) reduction in blood glucose of supplemented groups compared with the diabetic non-supplemented group. Plasma Vitamins C and E, SOD, and Albumin levels were significantly (p<0.05) increased in the supplemented groups when compared with the diabetic non-supplemented group. However, the plasma levels of these parameters were found to be significantly (p<0.05) higher in the GO supplemented rats compared with the PO supplemented group. The plasma vitamin C levels in the diabetic groups were lower than in other groups while increased levels in the plasma total protein were not significant. There was no significant difference in the measured parameters in reference to the gender of the animals. It was concluded from this study that GO exhibited superior antioxidant activities and that the supplementation of red palm oil and ground nut oil as a source of antioxidant was beneficial in diabetic state as it reduced blood glucose and enhance antioxidant status.


Liquid extract of Morinda lucida leaf has been demonstrated to have antiplasmodial activities. Some phytochemicals act as preventive and or scavenging antioxidants. This study aimed to investigate the preventative and scavenging properties of the raw liquid extract of M. lucida leaf using plasma myoglobin, transferrin, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione (GSH) peroxidase.Forty-eight Plasmodium-infected patients aged 29-47 years that have not been treated with any antimalaria medication but have decided to be treated traditionally using M. lucida leaf extract were recruited from 15 traditional homes in ATISBO, Saki-East, and Saki-West local government areas of Oke-Ogun - the Northern part of Oyo State-Nigeria. Identification of Plasmodium in the blood of the test and normal control subjects were carried out by Giemsha thick film technique. Packed cell volume, total bile acids, blood glucose, blood pressure, plasma myoglobin, transferrin, SOD, and GSH peroxidase (GPx) were evaluated in the normal control subjects and in the Plasmodium-infected patients before and after the treatment with raw liquid extract of M. lucida leaf.A significant (P < 0.05) biochemical alterations were observed in the plasma values of transferrin, SOD, and GPx in the Plasmodium-infected patients when compared with the normal control subjects and after treatment with the raw liquid extract of M. lucida leaf.Our study supports the possible preventative and scavenging antioxidative effect of the raw liquid extract of M. lucida leaf in the traditional treatment of Plasmodium infection.


PubMed | University of Ibadan and Achievers University, Owo
Type: Journal Article | Journal: African journal of medicine and medical sciences | Year: 2015

Cardiovascular diseases presently rank high as leading causes of death globally. The increasing acceptability of phytomedicine is due to the increasing inefficacy of many modern drugs used for the control of many diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the ameliorative effects of -sitosterol (BSS) in comparison with lisinopril, a standard antihypertensive drug, on certain biochemical hypertensive parameters in rats.Hypertension was induced with cadmium chloride and biochemical analysis of serum was carried out following treatment with BSS and lisinopril. Serum urea, creatinine and electrolytes were assayed using standard kit as tests for renal function, while alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) served as enzyme indices of the liver function. The effect on the serum lipid profile was assessed and histological examination performed on tissues of the liver and kidney.The rats treated with BSS showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) in the serum creatinine concentration when compared with the hypertensive rats. Treatment with lisinopril showed a significant increase (p<0.05) in the activity of AST and ALP when compared with the normal rats. There were slight variations in the concentration of serum electrolytes of rats treated with BSS and lisinopril respectively when compared with normal and hypertensive rats. BSS significantly reduced calcium levels when compared with the hypertensive group. The histopathological examination of the liver and kidney of animals treated with BSS was not different from the control which showed normal histological structure, while the liver of the hypertensive animals showed scanty inflamed cells.The study shows that BSS is effective in restoring basal liver and kidney functions in hypertensive rats.

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