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Nerviano, Italy

Steimer J.-L.,Novartis | Dahl S.G.,University of Tromso | De Alwis D.P.,Eli Lilly and Company | Gundert-Remy U.,Bundesinstitut For Risikobewertung | And 13 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer

Physiologically based modelling of pharmacodynamics/toxicodynamics requires an a priori knowledge on the underlying mechanisms causing toxicity or causing the disease. In the context of cancer, the objective of the expert meeting was to discuss the molecular understanding of the disease, modelling approaches used so far to describe the process, preclinical models of cancer treatment and to evaluate modelling approaches developed based on improved knowledge. Molecular events in cancerogenesis can be detected using 'omics' technology, a tool applied in experimental carcinogenesis, but also for diagnostics and prognosis. The molecular understanding forms the basis for new drugs, for example targeting protein kinases specifically expressed in cancer. At present, empirical preclinical models of tumour growth are in great use as the development of physiological models is cost and resource intensive. Although a major challenge in PKPD modelling in oncology patients is the complexity of the system, based in part on preclinical models, successful models have been constructed describing the mechanism of action and providing a tool to establish levels of biomarker associated with efficacy and assisting in defining biologically effective dose range selection for first dose in man. To follow the concentration in the tumour compartment enables to link kinetics and dynamics. In order to obtain a reliable model of tumour growth dynamics and drug effects, specific aspects of the modelling of the concentration-effect relationship in cancer treatment that need to be accounted for include: the physiological/circadian rhythms of the cell cycle; the treatment with combinations and the need to optimally choose appropriate combinations of the multiple agents to study; and the schedule dependence of the response in the clinical situation. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Degrassi A.,BU Oncology | Russo M.,BU Oncology | Nanni C.,Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi | Patton V.,BU Oncology | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

K-ras is the most frequently mutated oncogene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the most common form of lung cancer. Recent studies indicate that NSCLC patients with mutant K-ras do not respond to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors. In the attempt to find alternative therapeutic regimes for such patients, we tested PHA-848125, an oral pan cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor currently under evaluation in phase II clinical trial, on a transgenic mouse model, K-RasG12DLA2, which develops pulmonary cancerous lesions reminiscent of human lung adenocarcinomas.We used magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography to follow longitudinally disease progression and evaluate therapeutic efficacy in this model. Treatment of K-RasG12DLA2 mice with 40 mg/kg twice daily for 10 days with PHA-848125 induced a significant tumor growth inhibition at the end of treatment (P < 0.005) and this was accompanied by a reduction in the cell membrane turnover, as seen by 11C-Choline-positron emission tomography (P < 0.05). Magnetic resonance imaging data were validated versus histology and the mechanism of action of the compound was verified by immunohistochemistry, using cyclin-dependent kinase-related biomarkers phospho-Retinoblastoma and cyclin A. In this study, multimodality imaging was successfully used for the preclinical assessment of PHA-848125 therapeutic efficacy on a lung adenocarcinoma mouse model. This compound induced a volumetric and metabolic anticancer effect and could represent a valid therapeutic approach for NSCLC patients with mutant K-ras. ©2010 AACR. Source

The 3rd Global CRO Council Closed Forum was held on the 3rd and 4th July 2011 in Guildford, United Kingdom, in conjunction with the 19th International Reid Bioanalytical Forum. In attendance were 21 senior-level representatives from 19 CROs on behalf of nine European countries and, for many of the attendees, this occasion was the first time that they had participated in a GCC meeting. Therefore, this closed forum was an opportunity to increase awareness of the aim of the GCC and how it works, share information about bioanalytical regulations and audit findings from different agencies, their policies and procedures and also to discuss some topics of interest and aim to develop ideas and provide recommendations for bioanalytical practices at future GCC meetings in Europe. Source

Brasca M.G.,Nerviano Medical science S.r.l | Albanese C.,Nerviano Medical science S.r.l | Alzani R.,Nerviano Medical science S.r.l | Amici R.,Congenia Srl | And 18 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry

We have recently reported CDK inhibitors based on the 6-substituted pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrazole core structure. Improvement of inhibitory potency against multiple CDKs, antiproliferative activity against cancer cell lines and optimization of the physico-chemical properties led to the identification of highly potent compounds. Compound 31 (PHA-793887) showed good efficacy in the human ovarian A2780, colon HCT-116 and pancreatic BX-PC3 carcinoma xenograft models and was well tolerated upon daily treatments by iv administration. It was identified as a drug candidate for clinical evaluation in patients with solid tumors. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Sangster T.,Charles River Associates | Maltas J.,BASi | Struwe P.,Celerion | Hillier J.,Gen-Probe | And 27 more authors.

The 5th Global CRO Council for Bioanalysis (GCC) meeting, held in Barcelona, Spain, in November 2011, provided a unique opportunity for CRO leaders to openly share opinions, perspectives and to agree on bioanalytical recommendations on incurred sample reproducibility in multi-analyte assays, regulation of quality assurance/bioanalytical consultants and regulatory requirements for GCP. © 2012 Future Science Ltd. Source

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