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Patent
ACCB Biotech Ltd. | Date: 2017-04-05

The present invention relates to a kit for detecting PIK3CA gene mutation, and this kit can be used to detect cancer-relatedPIK3CA gene mutation. The said kit comprises: (1) internal reference detection reagent, which includes internal reference gene specific primers, internal reference gene specific probes and dNTP solution; (2) PIK3CA mutation detection reagent, which includes PIK3CA mutant gene specific primers, PIK3CA mutant gene specific probes, internal control gene specific primers, internal control gene specific probes and dNTP solution; (3) Taq DNA polymerase; and (4) PIK3CA positive quality control.


Li J.,Tsinghua University | Mo M.-L.,Tsinghua University | Chen Z.,Tsinghua University | Yang J.,Tsinghua University | And 9 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2011

The HSulf-1 gene encodes an extracellular 6-O-endosulfatase and regulates the sulfation status of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG). We have demonstrated that promoter hypermethylation is correlated with the HSulf-1 silencing in gastric cancer. To investigate the functional importance of HSulf-1 silencing in gastric cancer, we restored HSulf-1 expression in the gastric cancer cell line MKN28, which lacks endogenous HSulf-1. Following restoration of expression, HSulf-1 inhibited cell proliferation, motility, and invasion in vitro, as well as significantly suppressing the MKN28 xenograft model (P < 0.05). No noticeable changes in proliferation and motility were observed following restoration of HSulf-1 in another gastric cancer cell line, namely AGS cells. Interestingly, in MKN28 cells, which have been reported to be dependent on extracellular Wnt signaling, we found that HSulf-1 inhibited the transcriptional activity of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and downregulated its targeted genes. Conversely, in AGS cells, in the constitutive Wnt/β-catenin pathway is active, HSulf-1 had no effect on the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Furthermore, transfection of Wnt3a cDNA or β-catenin shRNA resulted in rescue or enhancement, respectively, of the effects of HSulf-1 in MKN28 cells. Furthermore, HSPG epitope analysis confirmed that HSulf-1 affected the structure of heparan sulfate on the cell surface. Together, the results of the present study suggest that extracellular HSulf-1 may function as a negative regulator of proliferation and invasion in gastric cancer by suppressing Wnt/β-catenin signaling at the cell surface. © 2011 Japanese Cancer Association.


PubMed | ACCB Biotech Ltd., Capital Medical University, University of California at San Francisco and Tianjin Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is required for tumor invasion/metastasis and the components that control this process are potential therapeutic targets. This study we examined the role of Gli in lung adenocarcinoma and whether its activation regulates metastasis through EMT in lung adenocarcinoma. We found that tumors with high Gli expression had significantly lower E-Cadherin expression in two independent cohorts of patients with lung adenocarcinoma that we studied. In vitro up-regulation of SHh resulted in increased cell migration while small molecule inhibitors of Smo or Gli significantly reduced cell mobility both in a wound healing assay and in a 3D cell invasion assay. Inhibition of Gli in vivo decreased tumor growth and induced an increase in E-Cadherin expression. Our results indicate that Gli may be critical for lung adenocarcinoma metastasis and that a novel Gli inhibitor shows promise as a therapeutic agent by preventing cell migration and invasion in vitro and significantly reducing tumor growth and increasing E-Cadherin expression in vivo.


Mo M.-L.,Tsinghua University | Li M.-R.,Zhejiang Sci-Tech University | Chen Z.,Tsinghua University | Liu X.-W.,ACCB Biotech Ltd. | And 3 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2013

Similarly to the Wnt protein palmitoyltransferase, porcupine (PPN) is essential to the activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. However, little is known about the role of PPN activity in human gastric cancer, one of the most common causes of cancer-related mortality. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression levels of PPN in paired gastric cancer tissues. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion assays were performed following treatment using a newly developed small molecule PPN inhibitor (inhibitors of Wnt production, IWP-2) in the gastric cancer MKN28 cell line. Expression of downstream target genes and transcriptional activity of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway were examined following IWP-2 treatment in MKN28. We identified that PPN was overexpressed in human gastric cancer tissue samples and cell lines. Following treatment of the gastric cancer cell line MKN28 with IWP-2, we detected that IWP-2 decreased MKN28 cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and elevated caspase 3/7 activity. Further analysis demonstrated that IWP-2 downregulated the transcriptional activity of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and downregulated the expression levels of downstream Wnt/β-catenin target genes in MKN28 cells. As current Wnt pathway-targeting strategies used for anticancer therapy have mainly focused on.


PubMed | ACCB Biotech Ltd. and Tongji University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation | Year: 2016

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has been widely applied in clinical research, while its application in routine clinical molecular testing requires careful validation. The aim of our study was to assess the clinical usefulness of the NextDaySeq Lung panel on Ion Torrent PGM in mutation detection of actionable genes in lung cancer.The NextDaySeq assay was evaluated by blinded comparisons to Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qPCR) assays with 188 consecutive samples from Chinese patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to detect mutations in EGFR, KRAS, PIK3CA and BRAF. Discordant variants were further validated by Sanger sequencing and independent qPCR and NGS assays.Our results showed 93.3% concordance of reportable variants mutually covered in both NGS and qPCR assays, with a clinical sensitivity of 89.9%, specificity of 97.5%. Through the comparison, the NGS assays demonstrated its advantages in offering more clinical relevant information, such as detecting non-hotspot mutations and providing mutation allele frequencies (MAF) and accurate mutation sequences. The analytical sensitivity of NGS to detect mutations with low MAF needs further improvement.The NextDaySeq Lung panel exhibited good clinical performance, strongly supporting the implementation of the NGS assay in routine clinical use to facilitate therapeutic decision-making for lung cancer patients.


The present invention relates to a detection method and a detection kit for EGFR gene mutations, which relates to the therapeutic efficacy of molecular-targeted anti-cancer drugs. Particularly, the present invention relates to a fluorescent quantitative PCR method and kit for detecting mutations at hotspots of EGFR gene, together with the use thereof. The present invention detects the mutations at specific sites of EGFR gene, and can predict the therapeutic efficacy of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Therefore, it can provide a guidance to individualize treatments for cancer patients.


Patent
ACCB Biotech Ltd. | Date: 2012-11-07

The present invention relates to an assay kit for quantitatively detecting k-ras gene mutations. Particularly, the present invention relates to detection method and a detection kit for K-ras gene mutations, which relates to the therapeutic efficacy of targeted molecular anti-cancer drugs. More particularly, the present invention relates to a fluorescent quantitative PCR method and kit for detecting mutations at hotspots of K-ras gene, together with the use thereof. The present invention detects the mutations at specific sites of K-ras gene, and can predict the therapeutic efficacy of anti-EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Therefore, it can provide a guidance to individualized treatments for cancer patients.


The present invention relates to a detection method and a detection kit for EGFR gene mutations, which relates to the therapeutic efficacy of molecular-targeted anti-cancer drugs. Particularly, the present invention relates to a fluorescent quantitative PCR method and kit for detecting mutations at hotspots of EGFR gene, together with the use thereof. The present invention detects the mutations at specific sites of EGFR gene, and can predict the therapeutic efficacy of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Therefore, it can provide a guidance to individualize treatments for cancer patients.


Patent
ACCB Biotech Ltd. | Date: 2013-01-02

The present invention relates to a method and assay kit for BRAF gene mutations which relates to the effect of molecule-targeting anti-tumor drug. Particularly, the present invention relates to a fluorescent quantitative PCR method and kit for detecting mutations at hotspots of BRAF gene, together with the use thereof. The present invention detects the mutations at specific sites of BRAF gene, and can predict the therapeutic efficacy of anti-EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, an anti-tumor drug. Therefore, the present invention can provide a guidance to individualized treatments for cancer patients.


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