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Runcorn, United Kingdom

Patent
ACAL Energy | Date: 2013-06-25

This invention provides a redox fuel cell comprising an anode and a cathode separated by an ion selective polymer electrolyte membrane; means for supplying a fuel to the anode region of the cell; means for supplying an oxidant to the cathode region of the cell; means for providing an electrical circuit between the anode and the cathode; a non-volatile catholyte solution flowing in fluid communication with the cathode, the catholyte solution comprising a polyoxometallate redox couple being at least partially reduced at the cathode in operation of the cell, and at least partially re-generated by reaction with the oxidant after such reduction at the cathode, the catholyte solution further comprising vanadium species that result from the speciation of the polyoxometallate at an elevated temperature and/or pressure.


Patent
ACAL Energy | Date: 2012-06-19

There is provided a method of regenerating a catholyte solution in a redox fuel cell, comprising the steps of: providing a redox fuel cell comprising a catholyte solution; providing droplet formation means for catholyte solution atomisation; atomising, by way of the droplet formation means or other means, the catholyte solution, thereby generating a mist of fine droplets; feeding the mist of fine droplets into an oxidant stream; regulating the oxidant stream flow so that time of flight of the droplets is sufficient to accomplish required mass transfer; reaching sufficient time of flight; and providing separation means for separating the mist of fine droplets from the oxidant stream. A regeneration zone, a fuel cell, and use of the regeneration zone are also provided.


Patent
ACAL Energy | Date: 2013-02-11

The invention provides a fuel cell comprising an anode in an anode region of the cell and a cathode in a cathode region of the cell, the anode being separated from the cathode by an ion selective polymer electrolyte membrane, the anode region of the cell being supplied in use thereof with an alcoholic fuel, the cathode region of the cell being supplied in use thereof with an oxidant, the cell being provided with means for generating an electrical circuit between the anode and the cathode and with a non-volatile redox couple in solution in flowing fluid communication with the cathode in the cathode region of the cell, the redox couple being at least partially reduced at the cathode in operation of the cell, and at least partially regenerated by reaction with the oxidant after such reduction at the cathode.


Patent
ACAL Energy | Date: 2011-03-01

A redox fuel cell comprising an anode and a cathode separated by an ion selective polymer electrolyte membrane; means for supplying a fuel to the anode region of the cell; means for supplying an oxidant to the cathode region of the cell; means for providing an electrical circuit between respective anodes and cathodes of the cell; a catholyte solution comprising at least one catholyte component, the catholyte solution comprising a redox mediator couple; and a regeneration zone comprising a catholyte channel and a porous member having an active surface, the catholyte channel being arranged to direct a flow of catholyte adjacent to or towards the active surface, the means for supplying an oxidant to the cell being adapted to supply the oxidant to the porous member.


Patent
ACAL Energy | Date: 2014-05-02

A composition comprising a polyoxometalate and an additive tolerant to the properties of the polyoxometalate, wherein the properties of the polyoxometalate are maintained despite the presence of the additive, and wherein the additive is effective to reduce the freezing point and/or elevate the boiling point of the composition. Such a composition may be used in a fuel cell.

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