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Wolfville, Canada

Acadia University is a predominantly undergraduate university located in Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada with some graduate programs at the master's level and one at the doctoral level. The enabling legislation consists of Acadia University Act and the Amended Acadia University Act 2000.The Wolfville Campus houses Acadia University Archives and the Acadia University Art Gallery. Acadia offers over 200 degree combinations in the Faculties of Arts, Pure and Applied Science, Professional Studies, and Theology. The student-faculty ratio is 15:1 and the average class size is 28. Open Acadia offers correspondence and distance education courses. Wikipedia.

Laland K.N.,University of St. Andrews | Odling-Smee J.,University of Oxford | Myles S.,Cornell University | Myles S.,Acadia University
Nature Reviews Genetics | Year: 2010

Researchers from diverse backgrounds are converging on the view that human evolution has been shaped by gene-culture interactions. Theoretical biologists have used population genetic models to demonstrate that cultural processes can have a profound effect on human evolution, and anthropologists are investigating cultural practices that modify current selection. These findings are supported by recent analyses of human genetic variation, which reveal that hundreds of genes have been subject to recent positive selection, often in response to human activities. Here, we collate these data, highlighting the considerable potential for cross-disciplinary exchange to provide novel insights into how culture has shaped the human genome. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source

Shutler D.,Acadia University
Biology Letters | Year: 2011

Empirical evidence is mixed for interspecific trade-offs in investment among sexually selected traits. One important reason may be the way resources are allocated among species. Consider a set of species that obtains the same fitness pay-off for investment in song or plumage. Simulations where resources were normally distributed among species revealed significant trade-offs between song and plumage (x̄ ± s.d. of r5 20.54 ± 0.06). However, simulations where resources were distributed in a negative binomial fashion usually produced positive correlations (r 5 0.11 ± 0.09). Repeating simulations on three published studies that concomitantly quantified elaboration of song and plumage indicated that trade-offs are likely, although these analyses make assumptions that require further evaluation. Moreover, there are currently too few empirical distributions to make generalizations about the likelihood of interspecific trade-offs in sexually selected traits. This journal is © 2010 The Royal Society. Source

Roscoe J.M.,Acadia University
Canadian Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2015

The reactions of O( P) with 2-propanone, 2-butanone, and 3-pentanone have been studied kinetically as a function of temperature and substrate concentration. The absolute rate constants for these reactions in the gas phase, in the units M-1 s-1, obey the following relations. Source

Cohen A.,Acadia University | Bakker K.,University of British Columbia
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space | Year: 2014

This paper engages with recent work in political ecology that explores the ways in which scale is imbricated in environmental governance. Specifically, we analyze the deployment of specific ecological scales as putatively 'natural' governance units in rescaling processes. To undertake this analysis, the paper brings two sets of literature into dialogue: (1) political ecology of scale and (2) political economy of rescaling, drawing on theories of uneven development. Building on this literature, we develop the concept of an ecoscalar fix and explore its analytical potential through a case study of the rescaling of water governance in Alberta, Canada. We argue that although the 'eco-scalar fix' is usually framed as an apolitical governance change-particularly through the framing of particular scales (ie, the watershed) as 'natural'-it is often, in fact, a deeply political move that reconfigures power structures and prioritizes some resource uses over others in ways that can entrench, rather than resolve, the crises it was designed to address. Moreover, we suggest that, although watershed governance is often discursively depicted as an environmental strategy (eg, internalizing environmental externalities by aligning decision making with ecological boundaries), it is often articulated with-and undertaken to address challenges that arise through-processes of uneven development. © 2014 Pion and its Licensors. Source

Demerouti E.,TU Eindhoven | Bakker A.B.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Leiter M.,Acadia University
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology | Year: 2014

The present study aims to explain why research thus far has found only low to moderate associations between burnout and performance. We argue that employees use adaptive strategies that help them to maintain their performance (i.e., task performance, adaptivity to change) at acceptable levels despite experiencing burnout (i.e., exhaustion, disengagement). We focus on the strategies included in the selective optimization with compensation model. Using a sample of 294 employees and their supervisors, we found that compensation is the most successful strategy in buffering the negative associations of disengagement with supervisor-rated task performance and both disengagement and exhaustion with supervisor-rated adaptivity to change. In contrast, selection exacerbates the negative relationship of exhaustion with supervisor-rated adaptivity to change. In total, 42% of the hypothesized interactions proved to be significant. Our study uncovers successful and unsuccessful strategies that people use to deal with their burnout symptoms in order to achieve satisfactory job performance. © 2014 American Psychological Association. Source

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