Bielsko-Biala, Poland

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Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.1.1-2 | Award Amount: 4.85M | Year: 2011

The Routes project is addressed to discover new routes in wastewater and sludge treatment which allow: a) to prepare sludge for agricultural utilization by transforming it in a very clean and stabilized product regarding the presence of organic micropollutants (conventional and emerging ones) and of heavy metals, and with respect to hygienic aspects and to phytotoxicity; b) to minimize sludge production by innovative solutions which can be based on different approaches, i.e.: i) metabolic uncoupling where the free energy released by electrons transport is dissipated in heat, in the activation of alternative metabolic routes or in the accumulation of polymeric products, ii) the use of microbial fuel cells, iii) the use of sequencing batch biofilter granular reactor (SBBGR), iiii) the integration of a side-stream process in membrane bioreactors; c) to promote recovery of valuable materials from anaerobic digestion, i.e. biopolymers as polyhydroxyalkanoates and fertilizers; e) to set up and prove at practical scale a novel technique for sludge disposal (wet oxidation) as sustainable alternative to nowadays the most used incineration; f) to minimize energy pumping by adjusting solid concentration, on a practical installation where sludge is pumped from the production site to a centralized plant. The general objective of the Routes proposal is therefore to set up a panel of different solutions to be applied in different conditions and circumstances, strictly following the waste hierarchy of the Directive 08/98 on waste. The above solutions will be studied either in laboratory or at practical scale, depending on the maturity of the technology, in order to provide to the Commission and the technical and scientific community applicable solutions and new routes for sludge management, also based on the best integration between the water and sludge treatment lines.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-NIGHT | Award Amount: 76.69K | Year: 2012

This year The Silesian Researchers Night will embrace five most important and renown Universities from the Silesian Region, covering almost all of the scientific activities natural sciences, engineering and technology and social sciences and humanities! Here we go, for the seventh time, in the same strong and experienced team with even greater dose of humour, fun, music, and answers for all the niggling questions of our most demanding public. Over 100 events in five Silesian cities will attract kids, adults and eldery for the seventh time in a row and our well-liked scientists will lead our public by the hand through the mazes of science, patiently explaining all its complexities. This all will be sweetened by activities loved by everyone: workshops, demonstrations, lectures, concerts and shows!


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-NIGHT | Award Amount: 78.50K | Year: 2011

The 2011 Researchers Night coordinated by the Silesian University of Technology (Gliwice, Poland) is actually continuation of 5 previous similar events. For the past 3 years we have cooperated with other Silesian Universities acting under the name Silesian Researchers Night. This year in frames of the Silesian Universities Network we managed to build a partnership of 5 Silesian universities taking part in the 2011 event. We aim in future at building a consortium gathering all Silesian universities, which will increase the effectiveness of the communication activities organised in the area counting almost 4,9 million inhabitants. The broad and varied programme of activities will address all categories of public, regardless of age and scientific background, and combine in balanced way serious and fun activities. They will take place at the university campuses (in Gliwice, Katowice, Bielsko - Biala Rybnik and Sosnowiec) situated in the city centres. The activities will notably include: face to face meetings with researchers, experiments conducting by the researchers and the audience (supervised by researchers), workshops, live-demonstrations, lectures, concerts, shows, contest, researchers talking about their passions. In order to allow young participants to enjoy the activities they will start early in the afternoon and last late into the night. As in previous years we plan to engage the whole school groups and families in all the activities taking part in our region. Main goals of th event are: enhancing public recognition of researchers ant their work, attracting as many people as possible to the event, rebuting the stereotype of a scientist as a strange, cold person closed in the four walls of their laboratories, showing that everyone can be a scientist and encouraging young people to choose a scientific career path, stopping the outflow of young scientists from Europe to the USA, showing that European science has a lot to offer (FP7, Marie Curie Actions).


Active dressings (biomaterials, hydrogels) are cross-linked three-dimensional macromolecular networks. One of the most important properties of active dressings, is their ability for controlled uptake, release and retention of molecules. The formation of advanced glycation end products AGEs progressively increases with normal aging. However, AGE products are formed at accelerated rates in age and stress-related diseases (burns, in wound healing) and also in vitro. The aim will be also to develop a series of gels showing ability of controlled uptake, release and retention of molecules. The hydrogels can be used as biologically and therapeutically (antibacterial and anticancer) active biomaterials. The following materials and reagents were used in the examination: dried plants: Equisetum arvense L., Pulmonaria officinalis L., Agropyron repens. Non-defatted films were extracted from the dried plants. The suspension was stirred and extracted. Temperature was controlled using a water bath. The filtrate was vacuum condensed. The gelling precipitate was poured onto Petri plates and dried. The swelling ratio and the percent loading were calculated. The released amount of CaCl2 at different time intervals was determined by measuring the conductivity. The extent of glycation in collagen was measured. Novel types of swelling hydrogels have been prepared from dried plants and alginic acid. The active dressings showed swelling in aqueous medium, swelling characteristics were dependent on the chemical composition of hydrogel. The hydrogels were also loaded with CaCl2 and their potential for release was judged by measuring conductivity. The activity of hydrogels--active dressings on collagen incubated with glucose showed an decrease in glycation. So, hydrogels--active dressings, a known antiglycating agent which have therapeutic role in wound healing.


The paper presents the new localities of 98 liverwort taxa (93 species, 1 subspecies, 3 vARieties and 1 form) from Babia Góra Massif in the Western CARpathians. Of these, one species, namely Lophozia opacifolia Meyl., is new to the investigated ARea. The most interesting species ARe: Anastrophyllum michauxii (F. Weber) H. Buch, BARbilophozia kunzeana (Huebener) MU11. Frib., Cephaloziella spinigera (Lindb.) WARnst., Eremonotus myriocARpus (CARrington) PeARson, Haplomitrium hookeri (Sm.) Nees, MARsupella boeckii (Austin) Kaal., M. brevissima (Dumort.) Grolle and M. spARsifolia (Lindb.) Dumort.


Brzozowski K.,Academy of Technology and Humanities | Nowakowski J.,Academy of Technology and Humanities
Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc | Year: 2014

Optimising the performance of an internal combustion engine requires both empirical and theoretical work. The latter involves reasoning based on results yielded by mathematical models. This paper presents a computationally efficient model of the working cycle for a compression ignition engine. The model enables analysis of the working cycle of an engine with an electronically controlled common-rail type power supply and a controlled exhaust gas recirculation system. The model's parameters are chosen in a two-stage identification process based on the results of the experiments. The first stage of identifying the parameters requires formulating and solving an appropriate dynamic optimisation problem for multiple discrete points describing the engine's operation. To this end a genetic algorithm is used with an additional condition controlling the quality of the solution. Artificial neural networks are used for the second stage of identification. The paper shows an example of using the model to assess the influence of the kinetic combustion phase, which results from the way in which the injection process proceeds on the course of the working cycle. The accuracy of calculations with respect to basic parameters characterising the working cycle is also discussed.


Parczewski K.,Academy of Technology and Humanities | Wnek H.,Academy of Technology and Humanities
Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc | Year: 2010

The testing of the stability of large weight vehicles, particularly while executing the manoeuvres of the turn, creates the emergency of the overturn of the vehicle. To prevent this, he complies special anti-roll beams mounted to vehicles or one proceed to determine stability using computational methods. We can also carry over tests on models of vehicles. The introduced work makes up the description of the carried over tests of the model of the vehicle and also the comparison of their behaviour oneself with the motion of real vehicles. Below is presented the comparison of behaviour presented truck model and vehicle during the drive after the circle track.


Kotelevets S.M.,Academy of Technology and Humanities | Chekh S.A.,Academy of Technology and Humanities
Biology and Medicine | Year: 2014

To study the methods of serological screening of atrophic gastritis in order to select the most suitable method of prophylaxis of stomach cancer, 1,072 people at the age of 40 and older were tested for markers of atrophy of the mucous membrane of the antrum section (gastrin-17) and corpus of stomach (pepsinogen-1) and ratio pepsinogen-1/pepsinogen-2. The markers were detected via the test panel for immune-enzyme analysis - "GastroPanel". These markers were identified for a group of patients with severe atrophic gastritis and for a group of patients with atrophic gastritis with no account taken of its severity. Method for the detection of severe atrophic corpus gastritis with the ratio PG-1/PG-2 shows very high level (100%) of NPV compared with the method for the detection with PG-1 with any value of the ratio PG-1/PG-2. The PPV of the method for the detection of severe atrophic corpus gastritis with the ratio PG-1/PG-2, when compared with the method for the detection with PG-1, shows satisfactory indices with the value of the ratio PG-1/PG-2 from 1 to 3. In practice, the ratio PG-1/PG-2 is not applicable to detect antral atrophic gastritis. For the detection of atrophic corpus gastritis, it is enough to apply the method for the identification of the level PG-1. It will be most correct to examine the population with the aid of the markers of atrophic gastritis: gastrin-17 and pepsinogen-1.


Wrobel I.,Academy of Technology and Humanities
Solid State Phenomena | Year: 2015

The paper presents a methodology developed by the author for reconstructing surfaces of shaping the punch which is an element of the stamping die. It describes the entire process of the punch reconstruction i.e. 3D scanning, modeling, FEM analysis and processing. This process was implemented by the stamping press cooperating with the authors. Conclusions have been formulated. © (2015) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.


The paper presents a list of 15 species which were found in the "Diabli Skok" nature reserve (Wałecka Plain, northern Poland, ATPOL square BB96) in 1985. The most interesting species is Pallavicinia lyellii - a rare, endangered and fully protected liverwort in Poland.

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