Consensus statement: Academy of nutrition and dietetics and American society for parenteral and enteral nutrition: Characteristics recommended for the identification and documentation of adult malnutrition (undernutrition)
White J.V.,Alcoa |
Guenter P.,A.S.P.E.N. |
Jensen G.,Pennsylvania State University |
Malone A.,Mt. Carmel West Hospital |
Schofield M.,Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition | Year: 2012
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) and the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) recommend that a standardized set of diagnostic characteristics be used to identify and document adult malnutrition in routine clinical practice. An etiologically based diagnostic nomenclature that incorporates a current understanding of the role of the inflammatory response on malnutrition's incidence, progression, and resolution is proposed. Universal use of a single set of diagnostic characteristics will facilitate malnutrition's recognition, contribute to more valid estimates of its prevalence and incidence, guide interventions, and influence expected outcomes. This standardized approach will also help to more accurately predict the human and financial burdens and costs associated with malnutrition's prevention and treatment and further ensure the provision of high-quality, cost-effective nutrition care. © 2012 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.
Hand R.K.,Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics |
Burrowes J.D.,LIU Post
Journal of Renal Nutrition | Year: 2015
Objective: This study was designed to determine what job responsibilities renal dietitians working in outpatient dialysis facilities consider as most important and most time-consuming. We hypothesized that more time-consuming activities would not always be considered most important. Design and Participants: An online survey was sent to 3,382 renal dietitians via professional organization e-mail lists. The survey included 30 activities that renal dietitians perform, grouped into 3 categories (general responsibilities, assessments, and interventions) and based on the National Kidney Foundation-Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative nutrition guidelines. For each category of activities, respondents were asked to rank the 10 activities from 1 (most important or time-consuming) to 10 (least important or time-consuming). For analysis, the rankings were combined into 3 groups: 1 to 3 = most; 4 to 6 = mid; and 7 to 10 = least important or time-consuming. Demographic and professional questions were also included. Results: Four hundred sixty six renal dietitians responded, and represented a broad range of experience in renal dietetics and type of dialysis facility. The mean number of patients per 40 hours full-time equivalent dietitian was 115.5 ± 38.4. There was good agreement between the respondents' ranking of importance and time consumed. Those activities identified as most important were traditional dietitian roles such as diet assessment and nutrition education. Many respondents provided write-in response of other activities they considered important and time-consuming such as communicating with family members or caregivers, enrolling and managing patients in the in-house pharmacy program, and serving as a care coordinator. Conclusions: It appears that the renal dietitian's role of providing nutrition assessments and counseling in outpatient dialysis facilities is being expanded to include administrative and coordination responsibilities. The impact of these changes on patient outcomes is unclear; however, previous research has indicated that administrative responsibilities take away from patient care time and decrease dietitian job satisfaction. © 2015 National Kidney Foundation, Inc.
Wein D.,Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
ACSM's Health and Fitness Journal | Year: 2015
To educate personal trainers and other exercise professionals about the benefits of working with a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and working within your defined scope of practice. © 2015 American College of Sports Medicine.
Steiber A.L.,Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition | Year: 2014
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent and has major health consequences for patients. Caring for patients with CKD requires knowledge of the food supply, renal pathophysiology, and nutrition-related medications used to work synergistically with diet to control the signs and symptoms of the disease. The nutrition care process and International Dietetic and Nutrition Terminology allow for systematic, holistic, quality care of patients with this complex, progressive disease. Nutrition interventions must be designed with the individual patients needs in mind while prioritizing factors with the largest negative impact on health outcomes and mortality risk. New areas of nutrition treatment are emerging that involve a greater focus on micronutrient needs, the microbiome, and vegetarian-style diets. These interventions may improve outcomes by decreasing inflammation, improving energy and protein delivery, and lowering phosphorus, electrolytes, and fluid retention. © 2014 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.
Tuma P.A.,Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics | Year: 2012
If upheld as constitutional, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that passed in 2010 promises to change health care delivery systems in the United States, partly by shifting focus from disease treatment to disease prevention. Registered dietitians (RDs) have already taken an active role in health care areas that stand to be directly affected by provisions in the health care reform bill. However, nutrition's vital role in preventing diseases and conditions potentially could translate to additional opportunities for RDs as a result of this reform. Specific dietetics-related areas targeted by health care reform include medical nutrition therapy for chronic conditions and employee wellness incentive programs. However, dietetics practitioners are not necessarily established in the language of the bill as the essential providers of specific services or as reimbursable practitioners. Thus, although it is possible health care reform could affect demand-and, in turn, supply-of RDs, the actual effect of this legislation is difficult to predict. © 2012 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.