Academy of Military Medical science of PLA

Changchun, China

Academy of Military Medical science of PLA

Changchun, China
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Kan S.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA
Archives of virology | Year: 2014

Attenuation of the virulence of vaccinia Tiantan virus (VTT) underlies the strategy adopted for mass vaccination campaigns. This strategy provides advantages of safety and efficacy over traditional vaccines and is aimed at minimization of adverse health effects. In this study, a mutant form of the virus, MVTT was derived from VTT by deletion of the ribonucleotide reductase large subunit (R1) (TI4L). Compared to wild-type parental (VTT) and revertant (VTT-rev) viruses, virulence of the mutant MVTT was reduced by 100-fold based on body weight reduction and by 3,200-fold based on determination of the intracranial 50% lethal infectious dose. However, the immunogenicity of MVTT was equivalent to that of the parental VTT. We also demonstrated that the TI4L gene is not required for efficient replication. These data support the conclusion that MVTT can be used as a replicating virus vector or as a platform for the development of vaccines against infectious diseases and for cancer therapy.


PubMed | Xinjiang Academy of Animal Science, Wildlife Management Office, Shihezi University and Academy of Military Medical Science of PLA
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of virology | Year: 2016

We conducted a serological survey to detect antibodies against avian influenza virus (AIV) in Gazella subgutturosa, Canis lupus, Capreolus pygargus, Sus scrofa, Cervus elaphus, Capra ibex, Ovis ammon, Bos grunniens and Pseudois nayaur in Xinjiang, China. Two hundred forty-six sera collected from 2009 to 2013 were assayed for antibodies against H5, H7 and H9 AIVs using hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests and a pan-influenza competitive ELISA. Across all tested wildlife species, 4.47 % harbored anti-AIV antibodies that were detected by the HI assay. The seroprevalence for each AIV subtype across all species evaluated was 0 % for H5 AIV, 0.81 % for H7 AIV, and 3.66 % for H9 AIV. H7-reactive antibodies were found in Canis lupus (9.09 %) and Ovis ammon (4.55 %). H9-reactive antibodies were found in Gazella subgutturosa (4.55 %), Canis lupus (27.27 %), Pseudois nayaur (23.08 %), and Ovis ammon (4.55 %). The pan-influenza competitive ELISA results closely corresponded to the cumulative prevalence of AIV exposure as measured by subtype-specific HI assays, suggesting that H7 and H9 AIV subtypes predominate in the wildlife species evaluated. These data provide evidence of prior infection with H7 and H9 AIVs in non-avian wildlife in Xinjiang, China.


He D.,Jilin University | He D.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | Sun L.,The Tumor hospital of Jilin province | Li C.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | And 10 more authors.
Viruses | Year: 2014

Oncolytic virotherapy has been an attractive drug platform for targeted therapy of cancer over the past few years. Viral vectors can be used to target and lyse cancer cells, but achieving good efficacy and specificity with this treatment approach is a major challenge. Here, we assessed the ability of a novel dual-specific anti-tumor oncolytic adenovirus, expressing the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) gene from the Newcastle disease virus under the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter (Ad-hTERTp-E1a-HN), to inhibit esophageal cancer EC-109 cells in culture and to reduce tumor burden in xenografted BALB/c nude mice. In vitro, infection with Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN could inhibit the growth of EC-109 cells significantly and also protect normal human liver cell line L02 from growth suppression in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN also effectively and selectively decreased the sialic acid level on EC-109 cells, but not on L02 cells. Furthermore, Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN was shown to induce the apoptosis pathway via acridine orange and ethidium bromide staining (AO/EB staining), increase reactive oxygen species (ROS), reduce mitochondrial membrane potential and release cytochrome c. In vivo, xenografted BALB/c nude mice were treated via intratumoral or intravenous injections of Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN. Although both treatments showed an obvious suppression in tumor volume, only Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN delivered via intratumoral injection elicited a complete response to treatment. These results reinforced previous findings and highlighted the potential therapeutic application of Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN for treatment of esophageal cancer in clinical trials. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


PubMed | Jilin University, Academy of Military Medical science of PLA and The Tumor hospital of Jilin province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Viruses | Year: 2014

Oncolytic virotherapy has been an attractive drug platform for targeted therapy of cancer over the past few years. Viral vectors can be used to target and lyse cancer cells, but achieving good efficacy and specificity with this treatment approach is a major challenge. Here, we assessed the ability of a novel dual-specific anti-tumor oncolytic adenovirus, expressing the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) gene from the Newcastle disease virus under the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter (Ad-hTERTp-E1a-HN), to inhibit esophageal cancer EC-109 cells in culture and to reduce tumor burden in xenografted BALB/c nude mice. In vitro, infection with Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN could inhibit the growth of EC-109 cells significantly and also protect normal human liver cell line L02 from growth suppression in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN also effectively and selectively decreased the sialic acid level on EC-109 cells, but not on L02 cells. Furthermore, Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN was shown to induce the apoptosis pathway via acridine orange and ethidium bromide staining (AO/EB staining), increase reactive oxygen species (ROS), reduce mitochondrial membrane potential and release cytochrome c. In vivo, xenografted BALB/c nude mice were treated via intratumoral or intravenous injections of Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN. Although both treatments showed an obvious suppression in tumor volume, only Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN delivered via intratumoral injection elicited a complete response to treatment. These results reinforced previous findings and highlighted the potential therapeutic application of Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN for treatment of esophageal cancer in clinical trials.


PubMed | Jilin University, CAS Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province, Changchun University and Academy of Military Medical science of PLA
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Toxicology and applied pharmacology | Year: 2014

Clinical studies have demonstrated that conditionally replicating adenovirus is safe. We constructed an oncolytic adenovirus, Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin, using a cancer-specific promoter (human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter, hTERTp) and a cancer cell-selective apoptosis-inducing gene (Apoptin). Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin was proven effective both in vitro and in vivo in our previous study. In this study, the preclinical safety profiles of Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin in animal models were investigated. At doses of 5.010(8), 2.510(9), and 1.2510(10) viral particles (VP)/kg, Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin had no adverse effects on mouse behavior, muscle cooperation, sedative effect, digestive system, and nervous systems, or on beagle cardiovascular and respiratory systems at 5.010(8), 2.510(9), and 1.2510(10) VP/kg doses. In acute toxicity tests in mice, the maximum tolerated dose>510(10) VP/kg. There was no inflammation or ulceration at the injection sites within two weeks. In repeat-dose toxicological studies, the no observable adverse effect levels of Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin in rats (1.2510(10) VP/kg) and beagles (2.510(9) VP/kg) were 62.5- and 12.5-fold of the proposed clinical dose, respectively. The anti-virus antibody was produced in animal sera. Bone marrow examination revealed no histopathological changes. Guinea pigs sensitized by three repeated intraperitoneal injections of 1.3510(10) VP/mL Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin each and challenged by one intravenous injection of 1.6710(8) VP/kg Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin did not exhibit any sign of systemic anaphylaxis. Our data from different animal models suggest that Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin is a safe anti-tumor therapeutic agent.


PubMed | Jilin University and Academy of Military Medical science of PLA
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of microbiology | Year: 2014

In this study, we present a microarray approach for the typing of influenza A and B viruses, and the subtyping of H1 and H3 subtypes. We designed four pairs of specific multiplex RT-PCR primers and eight specific oligonucleotide probes and prepared microarrays to identify the specific subtype of influenza virus. Through amplification and fluorescent marking of the multiplex RT-PCR products on the M gene of influenza A and B viruses and the HA gene of subtypes H1 and H3, the PCR products were hybridized with the microarray, and the results were analyzed using a microarray scanner. The results demonstrate that the chip developed by our research institute can detect influenza A and B viruses specifically and identify the subtypes H1 and H3 at a minimum concentration of 110(2) copies/L of viral RNA. We tested 35 clinical samples and our results were identical to other fluorescent methods. The microarray approach developed in this study provides a reliable method for the monitoring and testing of seasonal influenza.


Ma J.,Northeast Agricultural University | Ma J.,Academy of Military Medical Science of PLA | Ma J.,Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University | Wang H.,Academy of Military Medical Science of PLA | And 13 more authors.
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2014

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) poses a serious public health threat in many countries. Therefore, developing efficient vaccine against EEEV remains an important challenge in the field of disease control. To identify immunogenic proteins in EEEV, we constructed an expression vector containing the protein coding genes C, E3, E2, 6k, and E1 (pcDNA3.1-C-E). After verifying the target gene expression in 293 T cells, we immunized BALB/c mice with the pcDNA3.1-C-E vector as a DNA vaccine in conjunction with either CpG or poly (I:C) or a mixture of both adjuvants and monitored various aspects of the immune response. After two immunizations, the mice vaccinated with antigen plus mixed CpG/poly (I:C) adjuvant exhibited significantly stronger IFN-gamma responses and generated high-level CD4+ cell responses for the cytokines IL-2, IL-4, and IFN-γ and CD8+ T cell responses for the cytokines IL-2 and IFN-γ compared to the mice vaccinated with the corresponding antigen plus CpG or poly(I:C) alone. In addition, the higher antibody titers against EEEV effectively neutralized the EEEV pseudoviruses in the group immunized with antigen plus mixed CpG/poly (I:C) adjuvant after tertiary immunization. This study demonstrates that the pcDNA3.1-C-E plasmids in conjunction with mixed CpG/poly (I:C) adjuvant priming maximize the cellular immune response and specific antibody generation in mice. Moreover, this mixed adjuvant priming provides a promising strategy for enhancing the immune effectiveness of a DNA vaccine against EEEV. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Yang E.,Harbin Medical University | Li X.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | Jin N.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA
Cancer Cell International | Year: 2016

Aim: This study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficiency of a non-virus based specific chimeric multi-domain DNA transferred with apoptin in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG-2 cells in vitro and in mice H22 cells in vivo. Methods: We firstly constructed the multi-domain recombinant chimeric proteins based on recombinant proteins [G (yeast GAL4), NG (none GAL4), TG (GAL4 + Tat protein) and TNG (Tat protein)] and pUAS-Apoptin plasmid, and transfected them into human HepG-2 cells. The antitumor effect of this multi-domain recombinant chimeric proteins to HCC cells were detected by MTT assay, AO/EB staining, DAPI staining and Annexin V assay. In order to find the pathway of cell apoptosis, the Caspase (1, 3, 6 and 8) activity was detected. We then constructed the H22 liver cancer mice model and analyzed the anti-tumor rate and mice survival rate after treated with G/pUAS-Apoptin NG/pUAS-Apoptin TG/pUAS-Apoptin, and TNG/pUAS-Apoptin. Results: MTT results showed that the Tat protein (TG and TNG) significantly induced cell death in a time dependent manner. AO/EB, DAPI, Annexin V and Caspases assay results indicated that the Caspase 1, 3, 6 and 8 were highly expressed in TG/pUAS-Apoptin, and TNG/pUAS-Apoptin treated mouse groups. The antitumor rate and survival rate in TG/pUAS-Apoptin, and TNG/pUAS-Apoptin treated mouse groups were higher than in the other groups. Conclusion: The Tat-apoptin is a potential anti-tumor agent for HCC treatment with remarkable anti-tumor efficacy and high safety based on non-virus gene transfer system. The anti-tumor function may be associated with high expression of Caspase 1, 3, 6 and 8. © 2016 The Author(s).


PubMed | Academy of Military Medical science of PLA
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Antiviral research | Year: 2012

An attenuated vaccinia virus (VACV), TE3L(-)VTT, was evaluated for virulence and safety to determine its potential use as a vaccine or as a recombinant virus vector to express foreign genes. The virulence of TE3L(-)VTT was compared with that of the wild-type VTT both in vivo and in vitro. The humoral and cellular immune responses were detected in a mouse model to test the vaccine efficacy of the TE3L mutant. The results suggested that deletion of the TE3L gene decreased the virulence and neurovirulence significantly in mice and rabbit models, yet retained the immunogenicity. Thus, the deletion of TE3L improved the safety of the VTT vector; this approach may yield a valuable resource for studies of recombinant VACV-vectored vaccines.


Li X.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | Liu Y.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | Wen Z.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | Li C.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | And 11 more authors.
Molecular cancer | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Oncolytic virotherapy is an attractive drug platform of cancer gene therapy, but efficacy and specificity are important prerequisites for success of such strategies. Previous studies determined that Apoptin is a p53 independent, bcl-2 insensitive apoptotic protein with the ability to specifically induce apoptosis in tumor cells. Here, we generated a conditional replication-competent adenovirus (CRCA), designated Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin, and investigated the effectiveness of the CRCA a gene therapy agent for further clinical trials. RESULTS: The observation that infection with Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin significantly inhibited growth of the melanoma cells, protecting normal human epidermal melanocytes from growth inhibition confirmed cancer cell selective adenoviral replication, growth inhibition, and apoptosis induction of this therapeutic approach. The in vivo assays performed by using C57BL/6 mice containing established primary or metastatic tumors expanded the in vitro studies. When treated with Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin, the subcutaneous primary tumor volume reduction was not only observed in intratumoral injection group but in systemic delivery mice. In the lung metastasis model, Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin effectively suppressed pulmonary metastatic lesions. Furthermore, treatment of primary and metastatic models with Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin increased mice survival. CONCLUSIONS: These data further reinforce the previously research showing that an adenovirus expressing Apoptin is more effective and advocate the potential applications of Ad-hTERT-E1a-Apoptin in the treatment of neoplastic diseases in future clinical trials.

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