Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest
Bucharest, Romania

The Bucharest University of Economic Studies is a public university in Bucharest, Romania. Founded in 1913 as the Academy of High Commercial and Industrial Studies ), it has become one of the largest higher education institutes in both Romania and South-Eastern Europe. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2011.2.2-1 | Award Amount: 3.47M | Year: 2012

GRINCOH addresses two issues affecting Central and Eastern European economies: the disjuncture between fast productivity growth and poor performance in developing innovative capacities for longer-term sustainable growth; and the pronounced economic, social and environmental territorial disparities resulting from accelerated growth. The project objectives are to: (a) establish development scenarios for CEECs up to 2020 under different assumptions of political frameworks, institutional conditions and development strategies; (b) identify the implications for sustainable growth based on innovation and the development of technological capabilities and greater economic, social and territorial cohesion; and (c) advise on future policy options, especially for EU Cohesion policy. Carried out by 12 highly qualified European research institutes, the envisaged research explores whether and how CEE development strategies can shift towards an innovation-driven process of development, vital for sustainable growth (and cohesion) in the current global and European context. The project will cover in depth the international context, innovation and entrepreneurship, skills and labour market inclusion, social policy tasks, territorial cohesion, institutional changes, and the shape of a consistent cohesion policy framework at regional, national and EU levels. The project will also use a comprehensive macro-regional model (MASST) to develop scenarios up to the year 2020.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-9.5-2015 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016

ETNA2020 is a 48-month Coordination and Support Action with the overall aim of facilitating trans-national co-operation among NCPs for Smart, Green and Integrated Transport, identifying and sharing good practices, and raising the general standard of the support to programme applicants across the EU and globally. To reach the objective above, the project will develop five main activity axes, corresponding to the projects specific objectives: 1)raise understanding of EU Transport R&I landscape; 2)capacity building of NCPs; 3)upgrade the set of tools for NCP assistance; 4)strengthen the participation of relevant stakeholders to Horizon 2020 funding opportunities; 5)support networking opportunities within the Smart, Green and Integrated Transport constituency. Cross-cutting activities of dissemination and communication will addup to this main set of activities, helping to enhance their impact. ETNA2020 is the continuation and evolution of the precedent network, ETNA Plus, whose results and lessons learnt have been taken into consideration with the logic of improving the future network and in order to valorize the networks strengths. ETNA2020 will also take into account the paradigmatic change brought by Horizon 2020. This will be reflected in ETNA2020 activities, and, in particular, in a stronger attention of the network in terms of multidisciplinary competences, consideration of related societal challenges, and linkage with other EU relevant initiatives, funding programmes and policies. Finally, the network will seek further opening to a wider target of stakeholders and businesses in the Transport field. ETNA2020 consortium comprises 16 beneficiaries, with a good mix of well-experienced and less experienced NCPs coming from Member States and Associated Countries. Besides beneficiaries, the project services will be offered to all officially appointed H2020 Transport NCPs, who will be involved as Associated partners.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: REV-INEQUAL-07-2016 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2017

IMAJINE aims to formulate new integrative policy mechanisms to enable European, national and regional government agencies to more effectively address territorial inequalities within the European Union. It responds to evidence that spatial inequalities within the EU are increasing, contrary to the principle of territorial cohesion embedded as a third dimension of the European Social Model in the Treaty of Lisbon, and is particularly timely in examining the geographically differentiated impacts of the post-2008 economic crisis and the adoption of austerity policies. IMAJINE uniquely proposes to address the problem of territorial inequalities through an inter-disciplinary and multi-scalar approach that integrates perspectives from economics, human geography, political science and sociology and combines macro-scale econometric analysis and the generation and analysis of new quantitative survey data with regionally-focused qualitative empirical case study research in 11 EU member states; delivered by a multi-disciplinary and multi-national consortium. As such the research builds on the conceptual and methodological state of the art in several disciplines and advances conceptual understanding and the empirical knowledge base by producing new primary data, applying new analytical tests to secondary data and integrating the results along with insights from relational geographical theory and the concept of spatial justice. In particular, the centrality of spatial justice emphasizes the political as well as economic dimensions of territorial inequalities, and IMAJINE will move beyond existing knowledge by considering relationships between measured and perceived inequalities, models of multi-level policy-making and public service delivery, and support for territorial autonomy movements. IMAJINE will further translate these scientific insights into policy applications through participatory scenario building exercises with governance and civil society stakeholders.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: KBBE-2008-2-2-02 | Award Amount: 3.72M | Year: 2009

BaSeFood aims to promote sustainable development and exploitation of Traditional Foods containing emerging bioactive compounds with putative health effects in the Black Sea Region (BSR). The Consortium includes 13 partners covering the BSR, EuroFIR partners with experience on traditional foods and bioactive compounds at the pan-European level, and one representing 11 European Food and Drink Federations. The objectives of BaSeFood are: (1) To investigate the knowledge base of traditional foods of the BSR in order to identify those foods to be collected and analysed. (WP1). (2) To define, characterise and collect nutrient and bioactive data for a subset of about 30 prioritised traditional foods using previously developed and validated EuroFIR guidelines and bioactive databases, with appropriate analyses (WP2). (3) To carry out case human intervention studies (priority: cardiovascular disease protection), supported by intensive in vitro and in vivo laboratory tests, to address the requirement for supporting evidence in nutrition and health claims (WP3). (4) To accurately map and describe the flow charts of BSR traditional foods preparation and processing, and determine bioactive retention at both laboratory and pilot plant scale in close collaboration with industry partners (WP4). (5) To evaluate attitudes of processors and consumers in order to optimise and enhance the whole food chain for improved availability and health benefits of BSR traditional foods (WP5). (6) To widely disseminate results and findings in order to enhance awareness and sustainable development of traditional foods of the BSR for improved health (WP6). The project objectives are entirely congruent with those of the call, and will serve to (a) make a significant contribution to the substantiation of nutrition/health claims for traditional foods (b) enhance the cooperation between researchers and stakeholders, and (c) promote sustainable economic development for European SMEs and the BSR

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.09M | Year: 2010

This ITN brings together Universities, think-tanks and high-level officials that all share a long-term interest in a better understanding of the functioning of institutions in the European system of Multi-level governance (MLG) and who have extensive academic and practical expertise in this field. Their interdisciplinary knowledge and experience is pooled with the main objective of improving the European career opportunities of young researchers by offering them a coherent academic training programme complemented with a professional skills training programme and by exposing them to experience on the work-floor through an internship at a think-tank or consultancy. The research focus is the rapidly-evolving field of European inter-institutional cooperation. The comprehensive study of cooperative forms of decision- and policymaking is of interest in the light of the current political and academic debate on institutional reform. Moreover it also contributes to our broader understanding of the origins, evolution and effects of institutions. Training ojectives: To instil researchers with a sound knowledge of quantitative and qualitative Research Methods and to get them acquaint to interdisciplinary research; To provide researchers with insights into Theories and Concepts of institutional cooperation; To equip young researchers with practical Skills that prepare them for the job market. Research objectives: To develop and arrive at theory-based explanations of the impact of institutional cooperation on policy-making in the widest sense; To collect a rich pool of empirical data and produce comparative evidence on conditions for and effects of cooperative governance in the EU; To derive comprehensive and comparative explanations of cooperation by adopting an inter-disciplinary approach.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.4-1 | Award Amount: 7.69M | Year: 2012

The main goal of the ENHANCE project is to develop and analyse new ways to enhance societys resilience to catastrophic natural hazard impacts, by providing new scenarios and information in selected hazard cases in close collaboration with stakeholders, and by contributing to the development of new multi-sector partnerships (MSPs) to reduce or redistribute risk. Innovation in MSPs is essential, as (ineffective) cooperation between public, private and civil society institutions often leads to failures in risk management. The ENHANCE proposal is unique as it studies the potential for new MSPs for managing different catastrophic hazards, related to heat waves, forest fires, flood, drought, storm surge, and volcanic eruptions. Key to successful partnerships is a common understanding of risks and the implications of proposed risk reduction instruments. Therefore, ENHANCE facilitates a participatory process to develop MSPs in cases studies at different geographical- and spatial scales in Europe. The main products of ENHANCE are a) a harmonised dynamic scenarios of vulnerability, exposure, and hazard at the pan-European scale, using existing information and new probabilistic approaches for multi-hazards, heat-waves, forest fires, floods, droughts, storm surges, and volcanic eruptions; b) guidelines and key features for enhancing MSP interaction in successful resilience enhancement and risk reduction, pre-tested via participatory workshops on risk-based scenarios; c) methods for linking MSPs to novel scientific risk scenarios and assessments; d) a toolbox of economic instruments and non-structural mitigation measures at the national, regional, and local levels developed in a participatory manner and aimed at assessing risk and increasing societal resilience; and e) policy recommendations to the EU and HFA signatories delivered through a dissemination platform for enhancing resilience from high political levels to local communities. ENHANCE offers a team that consists of scientific research institutes, public policy organisations including UNISDR, private sector specialists and an NGO that ensure societal relevance and the feasibility of implementation of our deliverables. Within 10 case studies public and private partners will be approached to develop MSPs and to test our methods. Finally, the project will ensure that its products will impact target groups through a dissemination strategy, developed in close collaboration with members of an external advisory board.

Dragomir V.D.,Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2012

The European body of research on corporate environmental performance has not yet reached maturity. That is mainly due to the limited access researchers have to raw environmental performance data, in conjunction with an often sterile approach to developing proxies and indicators for this type of corporate performance. Moreover, annual sustainability reports are often neglected in spite of their capacity to produce a compelling longitudinal research perspective. The present article offers a critical reading of the last decade's sustainability reports from the top five largest European oil and gas companies. On account of their significant contribution to global warming, the sample companies (i.e. BP, Total, Shell, BG Group and Eni) have been scrutinized for their ability to provide high-quality environmental disclosures at group-level. Given the sophistication of emissions data collection and estimation tools such as the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol, it comes as a surprise that these five industry leaders have issued reports containing unexplained figures and methodological inconsistencies. Finally, the reader is persuaded that empirical research in the field of corporate environmental performance should mostly be about creating a context for discussing a firm's commitment to sustainability, rather than modelling irrelevant cross-sectional data to find similarities between incomparable cases. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Cotfas L.-A.,Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2013

We present a finite-dimensional version of the quantum model for the stock market proposed in C. Zhang and L. Huang [A quantum model for the stock market, Physica A 389 (2010) 5769]. Our approach is an attempt to make this model consistent with the discrete nature of the stock price and is based on the mathematical formalism used in the case of the quantum systems with finite-dimensional Hilbert space. The rate of return is a discrete variable corresponding to the coordinate in the case of quantum systems, and the operator of the conjugate variable describing the trend of the stock return is defined in terms of the finite Fourier transform. The stock return in equilibrium is described by a finite Gaussian function, and the time evolution of the stock price, directly related to the rate of return, is obtained by numerically solving a Schrödinger type equation. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Georgescu I.,Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest
Soft Computing | Year: 2011

In this paper a possibilistic model of risk aversion based on the lower and upper possibilistic expected values of a fuzzy number is studied. Three notions of possibilistic risk premium are defined for which calculation formulae in terms of Arrow-Pratt index and a possibilistic variance are established. A possibilistic version of Pratt theorem is proved. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: YOUNG-2-2014 | Award Amount: 2.50M | Year: 2015

The overall ambition of MOVE is to provide a research-informed contribution towards an improvement of the conditions of the mobility of young people in Europe and a reduction of the negative impacts of mobility through the identification of ways of good practice thus fostering sustainable development and wellbeing. The consortium of MOVE is built up of nine partners within six countries: Luxembourg, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Romania and Spain. The main research question is: How can the mobility of young people be good both for socio-economic development and for individual development of young people, and what are the factors that foster/hinder such beneficial mobility? Based on an interdisciplinary and multilevel research approach the main objectives of MOVE are to: [1] carry out a comprehensive analysis of the phenomenon of mobility of young people in the EU; [2] generate systematic data about young peoples mobility patterns in Europe based on qualitative case studies, a mobility survey and on secondary data analysis; [3] provide a quantitative integrated database on European youth mobility; [4] offer a data based theoretical framework in which mobility can be reflected, thus contributing to the scientific and political debates. [5] explore factors that foster and factors that hinder good practice based on an integrative approach with qualitative and quantitative evidence. [6] provide evidence-based knowledge and recommendations for policy makers through the development of good-practice models. MOVE is based on a multilevel research design, including case studies on six types of mobility (higher education, voluntary work, employment, vocational training, pupils exchange and entrepreneurship), a survey (N=6400) and secondary data analysis, taking into consideration social inequality (e.g. migration background, gender, educational inequalities, impairments). The focus will be on the regional contexts of mobility and the agency of young people.

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