Okaiyeto S.O.,Veterinary Teaching Hospitals Abu Zaria
Journal of Camel Practice and Research | Year: 2014
In Nigeria and indeed Africa, camels are increasingly gaining economic importance due to their increasing value as source of meat, milk, hide and as draught animals. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of tuberculosis, based on lateral-flow technology in slaughter camels. Diagnosis of TB in camels faces many difficulties, with none of the standard available tests being able to detect the disease with some certainity. The intradermal tuberculin test, which is the traditional diagnostic tool in cattle, is not reliable in camels as it is in cattle but the serology-based test is showing potentials in various environments. A total of five hundred (500) camels, consisting of 188 males and 312 females, in Sahel part of northern Nigeria brought for slaughter at Kano abattoir were tested for TB infection using lateral-flow technology. The overall positive samples were one hundred and thirteen (113) with a prevalence rate of 22.6%. Out of these, 45 were males with a prevalence rate of 23.9% while 68 were females with a prevalence rate of 21.8%. The chi-square (×2) test of significance based on sex was not statistically significant (P>0.05). This study highlights the importance of tuberculosis in camels and its public health implications. Measures for control are also been suggested.