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Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Alloghani M.A.,Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority
Proceedings - International Conference on Computer Vision and Image Analysis Applications, ICCVIA 2015

Many terms were used over the past on the automated government services and one of which is the electronic government that genuinely emerged to public in the early 1990s as developed and used by the US, however the E-government on the other hand found its way towards prominence in 1997. The e-government or e-governance uses its core Information and communication Technologies (ICT) to leverage services rendered by public sector. The e-government is looked upon as a very rich resource that can provide organizations with a competitive cutting edge value if it's well managed and improved. The rapid growth of computing and ICT had encouraged governments to encompass the technological changes and advances into their policies, forward looking and strategic development processes. The UAE government has promoted the e-government initiatives to improve system of governance in place to provide and make the business of governance more efficient, effective, qualitatively responsive, transparent and accountable to the society. Currently the Smartphone have become an alternative tool for traditional desktop machines that can also provide feasibility to browse and get services easily anytime and anywhere. However, those services might be offered on various operating systems which requires specific platform to run on which become a burden to end-users. In this research paper we discuss about the design and implementation of a cross-platform mobile eGovernment system for suppliers. © 2015 IEEE. Source

Premanandh J.,Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

The concept of food insecurity is complex and goes beyond the simplistic idea of a country's inability to feed its population. The global food situation is redefined by many driving forces such as population growth, availability of arable lands, water resources, climate change and food availability, accessibility and loss. The combined effect of these factors has undeniably impacted global food production and security. This article reviews the key factors influencing global food insecurity and emphasises the need to adapt science-based technological innovations to address the issue. Although anticipated benefits of modern technologies suggest a level of food production that will sustain the global population, both political will and sufficient investments in modern agriculture are needed to alleviate the food crisis in developing countries. In this globalised era of the 21st century, many determinants of food security are trans-boundary and require multilateral agreements and actions for an effective solution. Food security and hunger alleviation on a global scale are within reach provided that technological innovations are accepted and implemented at all levels. © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry. Source

Al-Sadi A.M.,Sultan Qaboos University | Al-Wehaibi A.N.,Sultan Qaboos University | Al-Shariqi R.M.,Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority | Al-Hammadi M.S.,Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority | And 3 more authors.
Plant Disease

Lasiodiplodia is a common pathogen causing dieback, gummosis, or root necrosis on the three most important fruit crops in Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE): date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), Citrus spp., and mango (Mangifera indica). A study was conducted to examine diversity in 64 Lasiodiplodia isolates infecting date palm (24), Citrus (11), and mango (29) in Oman and the UAE. Identification based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA and EF1α gene showed that date palm isolates belonged to L. hormozganensis (75% of isolates) and L. theobromae (25%); Citrus isolates belonged to L. hormozganensis (45%), L. theobromae (45%), and L. iraniensis (10%); and mango isolates belonged to L. theobromae (59%), L. iraniensis (34%), and L. hormozganensis (7%). Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprinting of the 64 isolates using four primer pair combinations produced 64 genotypes and 972 polymorphic alleles. Cluster analysis separated the isolates into four clusters representing the three species. A higher level of genetic diversity was observed in L. iraniensis (0.3105) compared to L. hormozganensis (0.2503) and L. theobromae (0.2331) in Oman. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated the existence of low levels of genetic differentiation among date palm populations of L. hormozganensis obtained from Oman and the UAE (FST = 0.025) and among populations of L. hormozganensis (0.0485) and L. theobromae (0.0703) from date palm, Citrus, and mango. These findings imply a high rate of movement of L. hormozganensis and L. theobromae isolates among date palm, Citrus, and mango and between the two countries. Findings from the pathogenicity test supported the AMOVA analysis and suggested a lack of host specialization in L. hormozganensis, L. iraniensis, and L. theobromae on date palm, acid lime, and mango. Although this is the first record of L. hormozganensis and L. iraniensis in Oman, the relatively moderate level of genetic diversity in the two species compared to L. theobromae suggests that the two species have been in Oman for a long time but misidentified by morphology and ITS rDNA sequences as L. theobromae. This study is also the first record of date palm and acid lime as natural hosts for L. hormozganensis and the first record of L. hormozganensis in the UAE. The diversity in Lasiodiplodia species affecting date palm, Citrus, and mango in Oman and the UAE should be taken into consideration when planning future management programs for diseases caused by these pathogens. © 2013 The American Phytopathological Society. Source

Alkaabi J.M.,United Arab Emirates University | Al-Dabbagh B.,United Arab Emirates University | Ahmad S.,Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority | Saadi H.F.,United Arab Emirates University | And 2 more authors.
Nutrition Journal

Background: This study was designed to determine the glycemic indices of five commonly used varieties of dates in healthy subjects and their effects on postprandial glucose excursions in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods. Composition analysis was carried out for five types of dates (Tamer stage). The weights of the flesh of the dates equivalent to 50 g of available carbohydrates were calculated. The study subjects were thirteen healthy volunteers with a mean ( ± SD) age of 40.2 ± 6.7 years and ten participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (controlled on lifestyle measures and/or metformin) with a mean HbA1c ( ± SD) of 6.6 ± (0.7%) and a mean age ( ± SD) of 40.8 5.7 years. Each subject was tested on eight separate days with 50 g of glucose (on 3 occasions) and 50 g equivalent of available carbohydrates from the 5 varieties of date (each on one occasion). Capillary glucose was measured in the healthy subjects at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 min and for the diabetics at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 min. The glycemic indices were determined as ratios of the incremental areas under the response curves for the dates compared to glucose. Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test and repeated measures analysis of variance. Results: Mean glycemic indices ± SEM of the dates for the healthy individuals were 54.0 ± 6.1, 53.5 ± 8.6, 46.3 ± 7.1, 49.1 ± 3.6 and 55.1 ± 7.7 for Fara'd, Lulu, Bo ma'an, Dabbas and Khalas, respectively. Corresponding values for those with type 2 diabetes were very similar (46.1 ± 6.2, 43.8 ± 7.7, 51.8 ± 6.9, 50.2 ± 3.9 and 53.0 ± 6.0). There were no statistically significant differences in the GIs between the control and the diabetic groups for the five types of dates, nor were there statistically significant differences among the dates' GIs (df = 4, F = 0.365, p = 0.83). Conclusion: The results show low glycemic indices for the five types of dates included in the study and that their consumption by diabetic individuals does not result in significant postprandial glucose excursions. These findings point to the potential benefits of dates for diabetic subjects when used in a healthy balanced diet. © 2011 Alkaabi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Yousuf H.E.M.H.S.A.,Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority | Taylor E.,Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority
Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on a number of initiatives currently being taken by the Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority to improve food safety across the food chain. It focuses on the piloting of a new photographic food safety examination for food handlers designed to meet the needs of the multi-cultural workforce. It is the fourth paper in a themed issue of Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes presenting international food safety management challenges and solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The piloting of the photographic examination involved 121 candidates who undertook the examination in January 2011. The results were compared with the cumulative data from the previous three years (n=40,862) with additional analysis of the performance of each question. Findings: The results of the pilot suggest that replacing the written multiple choice examination paper with a photograph-based alternative, increased the pass rate by almost 20 per cent, whilst retaining the overall level of difficulty of the examination. Practical implications: The paper will be of value to practitioners, trainers, education specialists, policy makers and other stakeholders involved in the food safety training initiatives. Originality/value: This is a unique study providing a mechanism for food handlers with low levels of literacy to become "qualified" to international standards. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

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