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Zaria, Nigeria

Ogbe A.O.,National Health Research Institute | Atawodi S.E.,Ahmadu Bello University | Abdu P.A.,ABU | Oguntayo B.O.,JOS Technology | Dus N.,JOS Technology
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

In Nigeria, wild Ganoderma species of mushroom grows in abundance during the rainy season. Studies were conducted to evaluate the haematological parameters and the histopathology lesions in organs of broilers treated with aqueous extract of wild Ganoderma sp. Blood and organs were collected for haematology and histopathology, respectively. The haematological analysis showed a slight drop in packed cell volume (PCV) in the birds of group A (23.5% ± 0.7), B (28.0 % ± 2.8) and C (27.5 % ± 0.7) at 7 weeks of age, one week after infection with Eimeria tenella. The values of haemoglobin (Hb), red blood cells (RBC) and white blood cells (WBC) were within normal range in all the groups and seemed to bear no direct relationship to the treatment using either the wild mushroom or amprolium. The values showed considerable variations characterized by a wide range of normal values (Hb = 8.5 ± 0.0 - 14.9 ±1.52 g/dl; RBC = 1.9 ± 0.18 - 8.6 ± 0.78 x1012/L; WBC = 2.0 ± 0.92 - 8.5 ± 0.49 x109/L). Histopathology showed mild lymphocytic infiltration in the liver of the broilers. The lesions could not be linked to the use of mushroom or amprolium, as both treated and untreated birds had similar lesions in their organs. It was concluded that the mushroom has no deleterious or adverse effects on the organs of treated birds. © 2010 Academic Journals.

Onu M.A.,F.U.T | Okafor J.O.,F.U.T | Kovo A.S.,F.U.T | Mohammad Y.S.,ABU
Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies | Year: 2015

Kautagi clay is a kaolin type deposit that is abundantly available in Niger State, Nigeria with potential for application in pollution control such as wastewater treatment. This study investigates the optimum conditions for modification of Kpautagi clay for application in refinery wastewater treatment. Sulphuric acid was used in the modification of the clay and the modification variables considered were acid concentration, activation time and temperature. To develop the optimum conditions for the modification variables, the sulphuric acid modified Kpautagi clay was applied in the treatment of refinery wastewater in column mode at a fixed flow rate and mass of adsorbent. The results obtained indicate that the optimum conditions for modification of Kpautagi clay for application in the treatment of petroleum refinery wastewater are: acid concentration of 4M; activation time of 120min and activation temperature of 100°C. Therefore, the optimum conditions developed in this study for modification of Kpautagi clay could be applied for improved performance in the treatment of petroleum refinery wastewater. © 2015, AcademicDirect. All rights reserved.

Bello M.,Health-U | Lawan M.K.,Health-U | Aluwong T.,ABU
Food Control | Year: 2015

This work attempts to document the first comprehensive report on the conditions and management of major slaughter houses of northern Nigeria as well as the safety of meat produced for public consumption in these abattoirs. The study was carried out in seventeen major slaughter houses from 14 out of the 19 states that form the northern part of Nigeria and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja. Selection of abattoir from each state was based on its socio-economic importance to the local community in terms of number of animals slaughtered and quantity of meat supply to the area and also the level of commitment of each abattoir management to cooperate with the objectives of this research. On-the-spot assessment of the operational facilities and process operations was employed using videos and photographs for data collection on visit to each abattoir. A joint prospective meat inspection and focus group discussion (8-12 abattoir personnel) was carried out to highlight the problems of the slaughter houses. The study revealed absence or dilapidated conditions of basic abattoir infrastructures such as lairage, hoisting facilities, supply of potable water, constant electricity, drainage and waste disposal systems. Good hygienic practices were totally absent. Animals were not being examined regularly before or after slaughter leading to unsafe meat being released for public consumption and conveyed out of the abattoir using unhygienic means of transport. Waste disposal was indiscriminate and hazardous to the environment, while the authorities concerned were not making any effort to curtail the situation. Diseases of public health and economic importance that were most frequently encountered included Tuberculosis, CBPP and Helminthoses. It was concluded that, none of the major abattoirs in northern Nigeria met the minimum hygienic standard of operation as recommended by the Codex Alimentarius and they could not have supported the production of safe meat and meat products for human consumption. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Arabi A.S.,Center for Energy Research and Training | Raimi J.,ABU | Dewu B.B.M.,Center for Energy Research and Training
International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences | Year: 2011

A geoelectric survey involving Vertical Electrical Sounding was carried out to determine sites for construction of boreholes that will provide adequate water supply for extensive irrigation work at Kan-Kurmi, Kaduna state, Nigeria. The data were acquired with symmetric Schlumberger configuration at stations chosen across the study area. The acquired data were inverted with 1D Earth Imager iterative software. Information from a borehole was used as control for delineation of realistic geologic model of the study area. The interpreted results suggest four geoelectric layers. Their equivalent geologic/lithologic units suggest weathered and the underlain partially weathered/ fractured basement as the aquiferous layers of the study area. Suitable sites for construction of pump-fitted wells were suggested based on depth and thickness range of the aquiferous layers. © Research India Publications.

Aminat Z.Y.,FCT Inc. | Alhaji A.A.,ABU | Tukur D.,ABU
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research | Year: 2013

There is an unprecedented expressed need and demand for estimates of maternal mortality in developing countries due to lack of vital registration. The objective was to assess maternal mortality ratio, life time risk of dying from maternal causes and the proportional maternal mortality rate in Suleja LGA of Niger state. This was a community-based cross-sectional descriptive study. Cluster sampling technique was used to sample 2704 respondents from 4 wards. Data was collected using the 2 original 4 sisterhood questions2. In this study, there were a total of 1094 deaths out of which 174 were maternal deaths. Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) was 400 per 100,000 live births and a life time risk (LTR) of dying from maternal causes during the whole of her reproductive life is 0.023 (or 1 in 43 women.) It can be concluded that M M ratio and life time risk of maternal death were high in Suleja LGA. th Achieving the 5th MDG will require accurate estimates of maternal deaths and provision of health care delivery services that are accessible and affordable to pregnant women. © CMS UNIBEN JMBR.

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