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Brugherio, Italy

Ciofi L.,University of Florence | Ancillotti C.,University of Florence | Chiuminatto U.,ABSciex | Fibbi D.,GIDA S.p.A | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography A | Year: 2014

Four different pellicular stationary phases (i.e. octadecylsilane, octasilane, Phenyl-Hexyl and pentafluorophenyl) were investigated for the chromatographic resolution of alkylphenols (APs), alkylphenols polyethoxylates (APnEOs) and alkylphenoxy carboxylates (APECs) using mixtures of water and organic solvents (i.e. methanol, acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran) as eluents, in order to obtain their determination by a single LC-MS/MS run. In fact, alkylphenols and alkylphenoxy carboxylates must be analysed in negative ion mode, whereas alkylphenols polyethoxylates undergo ionisation only in positive ion mode, and therefore, two distinct LC-MS/MS analysis are commonly adopted. The best resolution among the aforementioned target analytes was achieved on the pentafluorophenyl column, eluting with an acidified water-acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran mixture and using the post column addition of an ammonia solution in methanol for the detection of positively ionisable compounds. Under these optimized chromatographic conditions the investigated compounds were determined via a single chromatographic run, with only one polarity switch, in 15min, achieving the following instrumental detection limits: 600pg for AP1EOs, 0.8-14pg for AP2EOs, 10.4-150pg for APs and 4.4-4.8pg for APECs. The chromatographic method was coupled with solid-phase extraction and clean-up procedures and successfully applied to the analysis of wastewater and surface water samples, highlighting mean concentration ranging from 6ng/L for 4-t-OP1EC to 1434ng/L for 4-NP1121EC, depending on the sample analysed. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Ciofi L.,University of Florence | Fibbi D.,University of Florence | Chiuminatto U.,ABSciex | Coppini E.,GIDA S.p.A | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography A | Year: 2013

A fully-automated on-line solid phase extraction liquid chromatographic/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometric method for the analysis of estrone (E1), 17-β-estradiol (β-E2), 17-α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), 17-α-estradiol (α-E2) and estriol (E3) in surface water and wastewater was developed. The method showed a very good linearity from 250. ng/L down to compound specific quantification limits, which were included between 0.25 and 2.00. ng/L. These limits were obtained with 2.5. mL aliquots of injected sample and the total analysis time per sample was slightly less than 10. min. Under these conditions, detection limits were 0.15. ng/L for E1, 0.31. ng/L for β-E2, 0.52. ng/L for EE2, 0.59. ng/L for α-E2 and 0.95. ng/L for E3. The method reliability was tested on different kinds of real samples spiked with the estrogens, obtaining recoveries approximately included between 71 and 95%. The application to samples collected in rivers, lakes and wastewater treatment plants evidenced the presence of the investigated compounds at sub-ng/L or low ng/L concentration levels. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Gillet L.C.,ETH Zurich | Navarro P.,ETH Zurich | Tate S.,ABSciex | Rost H.,ETH Zurich | And 6 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics | Year: 2012

Most proteomic studies use liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry to identify and quantify the peptides generated by the proteolysis of a biological sample. However, with the current methods it remains challenging to rapidly, consistently, reproducibly, accurately, and sensitively detect and quantify large fractions of proteomes across multiple samples. Here we present a new strategy that systematically queries sample sets for the presence and quantity of essentially any protein of interest. It consists of using the information available in fragment ion spectral libraries to mine the complete fragment ion maps generated using a data-independent acquisition method. For this study, the data were acquired on a fast, high resolution quadrupole-quadrupole time-of-flight (TOF) instrument by repeatedly cycling through 32 consecutive 25-Da precursor isolation windows (swaths). This SWATH MS acquisition setup generates, in a single sample injection, time-resolved fragment ion spectra for all the analytes detectable within the 400-1200 m/z precursor range and the user-defined retention time window. We show that suitable combinations of fragment ions extracted from these data sets are sufficiently specific to confidently identify query peptides over a dynamic range of 4 orders of magnitude, even if the precursors of the queried peptides are not detectable in the survey scans. We also show that queried peptides are quantified with a consistency and accuracy comparable with that of selected reaction monitoring, the gold standard proteomic quantification method. Moreover, targeted data extraction enables ad libitum quantification refinement and dynamic extension of protein probing by iterative re-mining of the once-and-forever acquired data sets. This combination of unbiased, broad range precursor ion fragmentation and targeted data extraction alleviates most constraints of present proteomic methods and should be equally applicable to the comprehensive analysis of other classes of analytes, beyond proteomics. © 2012 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Scheidweiler K.B.,U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse | Himes S.K.,U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse | Chen X.,ABSciex | Liu H.-F.,ABSciex | Huestis M.A.,U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2013

Currently, †9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the analyte quantified for oral fluid cannabinoid monitoring. The potential for false-positive oral fluid cannabinoid results from passive exposure to THC-laden cannabis smoke raises concerns for this promising new monitoring technology. Oral fluid 11-nor-9-carboxy-†9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THCCOOH) is proposed as a marker of cannabis intake since it is not present in cannabis smoke and was not measureable in oral fluid collected from subjects passively exposed to cannabis. THCCOOH concentrations are in the picogram per milliliter range in oral fluid and pose considerable analytical challenges. A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LCMSMS) method was developed and validated for quantifying THCCOOH in 1 mL Quantisal-collected oral fluid. After solid phase extraction, chromatography was performed on a Kinetex C18 column with a gradient of 0.01 % acetic acid in water and 0.01 % acetic acid in methanol with a 0.5-mL/min flow rate. THCCOOH was monitored in negative mode electrospray ionization and multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry. The THCCOOH linear range was 12-1,020 pg/mL (R 2 > 0.995). Mean extraction efficiencies and matrix effects evaluated at low and high quality control (QC) concentrations were 40.8-65.1 and -2.4-11.5 %, respectively (n = 10). Analytical recoveries (bias) and total imprecision at low, mid, and high QCs were 85.0-113.3 and 6.6-8.4 % coefficient of variation, respectively (n = 20). This is the first oral fluid THCCOOH LCMSMS triple quadrupole method not requiring derivatization to achieve a <15 pg/mL limit of quantification. The assay is applicable for the workplace, driving under the influence of drugs, drug treatment, and pain management testing. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (outside the USA).

Liu H.-F.,ABSciex | Wang A.,ABSciex | Holmes D.T.,University of British Columbia
Journal of Clinical Pathology | Year: 2012

Aims: Accurate serum aldosterone determination is critical to the screening and diagnosis of primary aldosteronism, the localisation of aldosterone producing tumours, and the investigation of other disorders of the renin-angiotensin system. Mass spectrometry offers a means to overcome problems with method-dependent bias between competitive immunoassays for aldosterone. The authors have developed a simple, sensitive and precise liquid-liquid extraction aldosterone method for the ABSCIEX API-5000 liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system. Methods: Using d7-aldosterone internal standard, 500 μl of sample is extracted with 2500 μl of methyl tertbutyl ether followed by dry-down, reconstitution and LC-MS/MS analysis in ESI negative mode. Method validation was undertaken using standard approaches and comparison made against a commercial radioimmunoassay. Accuracy was assessed using EQA material with assigned aldosterone concentrations. Results: The assay was linear up to 3420 pmol/l (LOQ=50 pmol/l, LOD<22 pmol/l). Total CVs were ≤5% for concentrations ≥120 pmol/l and 10% at the LOQ. Mean accuracy was 98.5% against GCMS assigned material. Conclusion: The authors present a precise, sensitive and simple aldosterone method suitable for routine clinical use that requires no solid phase extraction or specialised ion sources.

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