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Kaelin A.B.,ABKaelin LLC
Journal of Protective Coatings and Linings

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has announced it is seeking public comment on strategies for managing chemical hazards in the workplace and approaches to updating chemical permissible exposure limits (PEL). PELs establish the acceptable amount or concentration of a substance in the air in the workplace. Most PELs were adopted from the Walsh-Healy Public Contracts Act as existing federal standards for general industry. Industrial experience, safety, health and industrial hygiene professionals and organizations, new developments in technology, and current scientific data clearly demonstrate that the outdated PELs are not sufficiently protecting worker health. ACGIH is a private, scientific organization that produces recommendations and guidelines to help manage occupational health hazards. Source

The article reviews OSHA enforcement on shipyard activities and recent guidance on illumination and ventilation related to ship repairing, shipbuilding, shipbreaking that fall under OSHA's Standards for Shipyard Employment. The use of a portable light meter can help assess the adequacy of lighting. Most light meters have an accuracy range from 5% up to 18% and even higher. Ventilation in Shipyard Employment provides a review of basic principles of ventilation systems to reduce contaminants during shipyard operations. While it primarily focuses on confined and enclosed spaces, it provides guidance applicable to any industry. OSHA General Industry Standard Ventilation standard established the first requirements for abrasive blast booths as exhaust-ventilated to provide continuous air flow at all opening during blasting operations. Source

Experts shared their views on how OSHA implemented several standards for safe bridge painting and protecting workers against lead exposure. The agency introduced a directive entitled 'Lead Standard: Interim Final Rule on Lead Exposure in Construction' in May 1993 to achieve this objective. This directive was later modified to be known as 'Lead for simplification and easy understanding. OSHA also implemented the 29 CFR 1926.62 Standard for enhanced protection of workers exposed to lead contamination when painting or coating bridges. Investigations revealed that the provisions of this standard were violated by bridge construction contractors when deputing workers to paint these structures and get exposed to lead contamination. Significant efforts were made by JOSHUA and other agencies, such as the EPA to address these issues by implementing several related standards. Source

Kaelin A.B.,ABKaelin LLC | Liang S.T.,AM Health and Safety Inc.
Journal of Protective Coatings and Linings

The final OSHA Confined Space in Construction Standard was published on May 5, 2015, and the new rule was effective from August 3, 2015, with enforcement delayed until October 2, 2015. The Confined Space in Construction Standard included some specific provisions, which were customized to address conditions unique to the construction workplace. The new rule also added a number of requirements, including permit system, controlled access, and communication system. Source

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