Mickovski S.B.,Glasgow Caledonian University |
Black J.D.,Aberdeenshire Council |
Smith M.J.,Jacobs Engineering
Proceedings 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2013 | Year: 2014
In this case study from Scotland, we demonstrate a successful use of the benefits of the NEC3 contract in a situation when only limited project funds are available. Following an action research (AR) methodology and aiming at maximising the value for the Client and the general public from the available funding, an innovative approach was devised and used during the procurement process of a £3 million infrastructure project for stabilisation of a high coastal slope with residential properties at risk from potential instability. Environmental protection, natural disaster risk management, as well as sustainability in the built environment featured highly on the Client/Consultant procurement/design agenda with public participation throughout the duration of the project. General, fixed, and variable items in the Activity Schedule, as well as an alternative Activity Schedule, enabled the Client to control and direct spending on the project based on the risk analysis and design management by the Designer. This approach offered flexibility to the construction Contractor in terms of selecting methods, materials and labour that will ensure positive balance between profit and costs. Practical problems stemming from the innovative approach encountered during the construction process are discussed in the light of contract management strategies and use of the same approach in the future. The management of health, safety, and environmental risks before, during, and after the construction, as well as the sustainability benefits from the innovative approach are also discussed.
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 61.63K | Year: 2013
In 2010 the applicant completed a piece of work funded by the AHRC which looked at the spiritual needs and lives of people with profound learning disability. Understanding the spiritual lives of people with profound and complex learning disabilities: a community oriented action research approach. AH/F011482/1. A product that came unexpectedly out of this study was the ASSFAP: a seven stepped facilitated action plan. This educational and process tool/system was specifically designed to be used by communities to explore, understand and respond to the spiritual needs of people with severe intellectual and cognitive impairments through the use of an action planning system of spiritual care development and delivery. Whilst there are recognisable differences between the two populations, it was felt that this process could be transferred and applied to other settings and that it could provide for the needs of a wide range of people with profound communication difficulties. People with advanced dementia are a group of people, like those with profound learning difficulties, who are often overlooked and can be the subject of poor care through a lack of knowing what to do and how to be with them. This resource provides a method of doing and being for those who care for them professionally and within families, which enhances the quality of life of both the carers and the people with communication difficulties. The project presented here focuses on making this resource (ASSFAP) available to the community of carers who look after people with advanced dementia; either those who live either at home, in residential care or in hospital. It comes at a time when the care of frail elderly people has been spotlighted by The Care Inspectorate (formerly the Care Commission) as requiring urgent attention. There is growing concern that care of older people, particularly those with advanced dementia, is being reduced to what has been called bed and body work to the enormous detriment of the older person and shame of our society.
Okpo E.,Public Health Directorate |
Leith J.,Public Health Directorate |
Smith-Palmer A.,Meridian |
Bell J.,Aberdeenshire Council |
And 8 more authors.
Journal of Infection and Public Health | Year: 2015
Listeria monocytogenes infection is an important cause of illness and hospitalization in vulnerable individuals. In the present study, we describe a community outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes in the North-East region of Scotland, which was epidemiologically, environmentally and microbiologically linked to a local meat product and ready-to-eat product manufacturer. Infected individuals were interviewed, and an environmental investigation was conducted. Clinical and environmental samples were tested by culture, and isolates were typed by fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (fAFLP). Three cases of Listeria monocytogenes were linked geographically, had the same serotype (1/2a) and were indistinguishable by fAFLP type XII.6. The human, food and environmental isolates were of the same serotype and were indistinguishable by molecular typing.This is the first community outbreak of L. monocytogenes reported in Scotland since the current outbreak surveillance was established in 1996. Epidemiological and laboratory evidence indicated poor hand hygiene, unhygienic practices and cross-contamination throughout the manufacturing process of ready-to-eat foods as a possible cause of the outbreak. More stringent control of commercial food establishments that provide ready-to-eat food and the need to advise specifically vulnerable groups, e.g., pregnant women, of the risk of L. monocytogenes in ready-to-eat food is urgently needed. © 2015 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences.