Sita Road, Pakistan
Sita Road, Pakistan

The Abasyn University is a private research university located in the residential neighborhood of Peshawar, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The university also has a teaching campus in Islamabad; however, its main campus is in Peshawar.Founded with the efforts led by the provincial government of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa in 2007, the university is a private-sector institution of higher learning. The university offers undergraduate and post-graduate studies; it's noted for its engaging research in the development of augmented reality and artificial intelligence. Wikipedia.

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Ali M.U.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Khan S.A.,Abasyn University | Anwar M.Y.,Yildiz Technical University | Aleem A.,Design Inn Consulting Engineers & Architects Pvt. Ltd | And 2 more authors.
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Structures and Buildings | Year: 2017

Literature from previous years of research studies reveals that the effect of masonry infills is significant and cannot be neglected. This study is aimed at the seismic vulnerability assessment of masonry infilled reinforced-concrete frame structures in developing countries, taking Pakistan as a case study. Typical two-dimensional reinforced-concrete frames with and without infill panels, and with infill openings are considered. A three-strut model is employed for analytical modelling of infill panels. Compressive strength of a typical Pakistani brick masonry prism is evaluated for modelling the equivalent strut. It is concluded that the study’s masonry infilled structural configurations give better performance than bare frame structures. Openings in masonry panels, however, increase the seismic vulnerability of infilled structures. © ICE Publishing: All rights reserved.

Haider S.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Gabriel H.F.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Khan S.A.,Abasyn University
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering | Year: 2017

This technical note studies the supercritical junction flow occurring at the right-angled confluence of four equal-width channels in which two upstream channels carry flow towards the junction. The note seeks to investigate, firstly, the pertinence of a 2D shallow water equation model to reproduce the typical flow structures at the junction. The second objective is to build a computationally efficient model with more resolution applied at critical point i.e. junction and less in areas where the flow is primarily 1D i.e. channels and compare such model, named, ‘sparse’ with a uniformly meshed model regarding solution accuracy and computational efficiency. The results indicate that the sparse model is able to reproduce typical flow structures appearing at the channel junction in an adequate manner. The discharge distribution is fairly well predicted. The jump angles are almost the same in the two models as well as the location and size of the recirculation zones and the flow depth super-elevation areas. However, the two models diverge in the prediction of very small depths in the recirculation zone where the sparse model overestimates the depths. As regards, computational efficiency, the sparse model is found to be 61% more efficient than the uniform mesh model. © 2017 Korean Society of Civil Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Akhtar N.,Abasyn University | Bilal M.,Abasyn University | Rizwan M.,Abasyn University | Khan M.A.,District Head Quarter Hospital Mardan | Khan A.,District Head Quarter Hospital Mardan
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

Hepatitis C is a blood-borne infectious disease of liver, caused by a small enveloped, positive-single stranded RNA virus, called the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV belongs to the Flaviviridae family and has 6 genotypes and more than 100 subtypes. It is estimated that 185 million people are infected with HCV worldwide and 5% of these are in Pakistan. The study was designed to evaluate different genotypes of HCV circulating in District Mardan and to know about the behavior of these genotypes to different anti-viral regimes. In this study 3,800 patients were exposed to interferon alfa-2a plus Ribavirin treatment for 6-months and subjected to real-time PCR to check the viral response. Among these 3,677 (97%) patients showed no detectable HCV RNA while 123 (3%) patients (non-responders) remained positive for HCV RNA. Genotypes of their analyzed showed that most of them belonged to the 3a genotype. Non-responders (123) and relapsed (5) patients were subjected to PEG-interferon and Ribavirin therapy for next 6 months, which resulted into elimination of HCV RNA from 110 patients. The genotypes of the persisting resistant samples to anti-viral treatment were 3b, 2a, 1a and 1b. Furthermore, viral RNA from 6 patients remained un-typed while 4 patients showed mixed infections. HCV was found more resistant to antiviral therapy in females as compared to mals. The age group 36-45 in both females and males was found most affected by infection. In general 3a is the most prevalent genotype circulating in district Mardan and the best anti-viral therapy is PEG-interferon plus Ribavirin but it is common practice that due to the high cost patients receive interferon alfa-2a plus Ribavirin with consequent resistance in 3% patients given this treatment regime.

Bakhsh M.,Allama Iqbal Open University | Bakhsh M.,Abasyn University | Mehmood A.,University of Bahrain
Proceedings - 10th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2012 | Year: 2012

It is the era of information technology and governments around the world opting for electronic government and official websites are now under the use of a diverse population for the purpose of information retrieval. A number of disabled persons are becoming the part of this society but they are ignored when web projects are planned and developed. If this practice of software development is kept continuing then disabled persons would not take the advantage in the electronic government era. This study evaluates the websites of central government in Pakistan including all ministries and divisions using accessibility evaluation tools based on World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) web accessibility standards. Functional accessibility evaluator and total validator are the tools which are used for the evaluation process. The results shows that most of the web sites are not developed according to the accessibility standards for disabled persons. In the light of these results, recommendations are made to improve the accessibility of these websites for disable persons. © 2012 IEEE.

Sawangjit R.,University of Selangor | Khan T.M.,Abasyn University | Chaiyakunapruk N.,University of Wisconsin - Madison
Addiction | Year: 2016

Aims: To appraise the evidence critically for effectiveness of pharmacy-based needle/syringe exchange programmes (pharmacy-based NSPs) on risk behaviours (RBs), HIV/HCV prevalence and economic outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Setting: Primary care setting. Participants: Of 1568 studies screened, 14 studies with 7035 PWID were included. Measures: PubMed, Embase, Web of Sciences, CENTRAL and Cochrane review databases were searched without language restriction from their inception to 27 January 2016. All published study designs with control groups that reported the effectiveness of pharmacy-based NSP on outcomes of interest were included. Outcomes of interest are risk behaviour (RB), HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence and economic outcomes. The estimates of pooled effects of these outcomes were calculated as pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using a random-effects model. Heterogeneity was assessed by I2 and χ2 tests. Findings: Most studies (nine of 14, 64.3%) were rated as having a serious risk of bias, while 28.6 and 7.1% were rated as having a moderate risk and low risk of bias, respectively. For sharing-syringe behaviour, pharmacy-based NSPs were significantly better than no NSPs for both main (OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.34-0.73; I2 = 59.6%) and sensitivity analyses, excluding studies with a serious risk of bias (OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.32-0.84; I2 = 41.4%). For safe syringe disposal and HIV/HCV prevalence, the evidence for pharmacy-based NSPs compared with other NSP or no NSP was unclear, as few of the studies reported this and most of them had a serious risk of bias. Compared with the total life-time cost of US$55640 for treating a person with HIV infection, the HIV prevalence among PWID has to be at least 0.8% (for pharmacy-based NSPs) or 2.1% (for other NSPs) to result in cost-savings. Conclusions: Pharmacy-based needle/syringe exchange programmes appear to be effective for reducing risk behaviours among people who inject drugs, although their effect on HIV/HCV prevalence and economic outcomes is unclear. © 2016 Society for the Study of Addiction.

Jafri M.R.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Ahmed S.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Ahmed S.,Abasyn University | Javaid N.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | And 2 more authors.
Proceedings - 2013 8th International Conference on Broadband, Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications, BWCCA 2013 | Year: 2013

In dense underwater sensor networks (UWSN), the major confronts are high error probability, incessant variation in topology of sensor nodes, and much energy consumption for data transmission. However, there are some remarkable applications of UWSN such as management of seabed and oil reservoirs, exploration of deep sea situation and prevention of aqueous disasters. In order to accomplish these applications, ignorance of the limitations of acoustic communications such as high delay and low bandwidth is not feasible. In this paper, we propose Adaptive mobility of Courier nodes in Threshold-optimized Depth-based routing (AMCTD), exploring the proficient amendments in depth threshold and implementing the optimal weight function to achieve longer network lifetime. We segregate our scheme in 3 major phases of weight updating, depth threshold variation and adaptive mobility of courier nodes. During data forwarding, we provide the framework for alterations in threshold to cope with the sparse condition of network. We ultimately perform detailed simulations to scrutinize the performance of our proposed scheme and its comparison with other two notable routing protocols in term of network lifetime and other essential parameters. The simulations results verify that our scheme performs better than the other techniques and near to optimal in the field of UWSN. © 2013 IEEE.

Jabeen H.,Abasyn University | Baig A.R.,National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences
Neurocomputing | Year: 2013

This paper introduces a two-stage strategy for multi-class classification problems. The proposed technique is an advancement of tradition binary decomposition method. In the first stage, the classifiers are trained for each class versus the remaining classes. A modified fitness value is used to select good discriminators for the imbalanced data. In the second stage, the classifiers are integrated and treated as a single chromosome that can classify any of the classes from the dataset. A population of such classifier-chromosomes is created from good classifiers (for individual classes) of the first phase. This population is evolved further, with a fitness that combines accuracy and conflicts. The proposed method encourages the classifier combination with good discrimination among all classes and less conflicts. The two-stage learning has been tested on several benchmark datasets and results are found encouraging. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Asif M.,Abasyn University | Ahmed J.,Abasyn University
Proceedings - International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation, ISMS | Year: 2015

Development of software is a very crucial and complex process. IT professionals have been facing difficulties and risks for the development of software projects. This research focuses on the effectiveness of two data mining algorithms that are Apriori algorithm and FP-Tree Algorithm in Software Engineering domain. These two algorithms have shown the capability of generating association rules in software engineering data. Associations between software risk factors and risk mitigation have been found using these algorithms which is a unique idea. Both the algorithms have different methodologies but with the same goals in the form of rules generation. This research paper targeted three things. Tracing of these two algorithms applied to the given dataset, Comparison in terms of pros and cons of both the algorithms and the combination of the two, novel adaptive architecture in a clear way. Embedding data mining techniques in software engineering have shown spark and generates fruitful results. © 2015 IEEE.

Asif M.,Abasyn University | Ahmed J.,Abasyn University
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science | Year: 2014

Frequent-Pattern Tree (FP-Tree) algorithm plays a vital role in mining associations, patterns and other data mining related jobs. Currently a software risk mitigation intelligent decision network engine using rule based technique has been designed against software risk factors. A novel idea of finding the associations between different software risk mitigation factors using FP-Tree algorithm has been proposed in this research work. Huge volumes of software risk factors and software risk mitigation factors exist in software development industry. That's why data mining researchers have been attracted towards it to find something to explore. Software risk mitigation frequent patterns will be helpful for the project managers and software developers to make decisions against the software risk factors.

Rextin A.T.,Abasyn University
Proceedings - 10th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2012 | Year: 2012

A digraph G = (V,E) is upward planar if it has a planar drawing with all edges pointing upward. A subgraph G̃ of a digraph G with an upward planar drawing is called a maximal upward planar subgraph of G if the addition of any edge in G/G̃ to G̃ causes non-upward planarity. Binucci et al. showed that finding even the maximum upward planar subgraph of an embedded digraph Gφ is NP-Complete [1]. In this paper, we compare different algorithms to find maximal upward planar subgraph of an embedded digraph. We also use a large test suite of embedded digraphs to gain a deeper understanding of upward planarity and see how the different heuristics perform in practice. © 2012 IEEE.

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