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Rozynek J.,Sotan Institute for Nuclear Studies
International Journal of Modern Physics E | Year: 2010

We show the possible evolution of the nuclear deep inelastic structure function with nuclear density ρ. The nucleon deep inelastic structure function represents distribution of quarks as a function of Björken variable x, which measures the longitudinal fraction of the momentum carried by them during deep inelastic scattering (DIS) of electrons on nuclear targets. The quark localization is proportional to 1/x and this relation introduces the dependence of the nucleon structure function on the nuclear medium. Starting with small density and negative pressure in nuclear matter (NM), we have relatively large inter-nucleon distances and increasing role of nuclear interaction mediated by virtual mesons. When the density approaches the saturation point, ρ = ρ0, we have no longer separate mesons and nucleons but eventually modified nucleon structure function (SF) in the medium. The ratio of the nuclear to the nucleon SF measured at the saturation point is well known as the "EMC effect". For larger density, ρ > ρ0, when the localization of quarks is smaller than 0.3 fm, the nucleons overlap. We argue that nucleon mass should start to decrease in order to satisfy the momentum sum rule (MSR) of DIS. These modifications of the nucleon structure function are calculated in the frame of the nuclear relativistic mean field (RMF) convolution model. The correction to the Fermi energy from a term proportional to the pressure is very important and its inclusion modifies the equation of state (EoS) for the nuclear matter. © 2010 World Scientific Publishing Company. Source

Jachimowicz P.,Sotan Institute for Nuclear Studies | Jachimowicz P.,University of Zielona Gora | Kowal M.,Sotan Institute for Nuclear Studies | Skalski J.,Sotan Institute for Nuclear Studies
International Journal of Modern Physics E | Year: 2010

Energy landscapes of superheavy even-even nuclei with 116 ≤ Z ≤ 126 and 176 ≤ N ≤ 184 are studied within the macroscopic-microscopic method over a 12 dimensional manifold of shapes, including both axial- and mass-asymmetry. In addition to the spherical, prolate and oblate minima we find also oblate-octupole minima, with Y33 symmetry along the oblateness axis, that compete to become ground states. All fission saddle points are triaxial and by 0.5-2.5 MeV lower than the axial ones. The Woods-Saxon model predicts the abrupt lowering of barriers near Z = 126, in a stark contrast to the mostly used self-consistent effective interactions. © 2010 World Scientific Publishing Company. Source

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