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Berlin, Germany

Kubiak T.,University of Greifswald | Wittig A.,University of Greifswald | Koll C.,University of Greifswald | Mraz B.,Menarini Diagnostics | And 4 more authors.
Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics | Year: 2010

Background: QTc interval lengthening during hypoglycemia is discussed as a mechanism linked to sudden death in diabetes patients and the so-called "dead in bed syndrome." Previous research reported a high interindividual variability in the glucose-QTc association. The present study aimed at deriving parameters for direction and strength of the glucose-QTc association on the patient level using combined Holter electrocardiogram (ECG) and continuous glucose monitoring. Methods: Twenty type 1 diabetes patients were studied: mean (SD, range) age, 43.6 (10.8, 22-65) years; gender male (n [%]), 10 (50.0%); mean (SD) hemoglobin A1C, 8.5% (1.0%); and impaired hypoglycemia awareness (n [%]), six (30.0%). Continuous interstitial glucose monitoring and Holter ECG monitoring were performed for 48h. Hierarchical (mixed) regression modeling was used to account for the structure of the data. Results: Glucose levels during nighttime were negatively associated with QTc interval length if the data structure was accounted for (b [SE]=-0.76 [0.17], P=0.000). Exploratory regression analysis revealed hypoglycemia awareness as the only predictor of the individual strength of the glucose-QTc association, with the impaired awareness group showing less evidence for an association of low glucose with QTc lengthening. Conclusions: Mixed regression allows for deriving parameters for the glucose-QTc association on the patient level. Consistent with previous studies, we found a large interindividual variability in the glucose-QTc association. The finding on impaired hypoglycemia awareness patients has to be interpreted with caution but provides some support for the role of sympathetic activation for the QTc-glucose link. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Passamonti B.,U.O.C. di Citologia | Gustinucci D.,Menarini Diagnostics | Recchia P.,U.O.C. di Citologia | Bulletti S.,Menarini Diagnostics | And 8 more authors.
Pathologica | Year: 2010

The aim of this study was to assess the validity of protein p16 expression as an indicator of progression in lesions as ASC-US and L-SIL. For this purpose, we examined 246 cytological samples (91 ASC-US, 60 L-SIL, 36 ASC-H, 59 H-SIL) of which 151 were conventional Pap-tests (CC) and 95 in liquid based cytology (LBC) with colposcopic and histology follow-up. The results showed that in the positive p16 Pap-tests a 59% PPV vs CIN2+ in all cytologic diagnoses compared to 43% in cytologic reading alone. 96% of HG cytologic lesions were positive for pl6, and the data showed good correlation between positivity for pl6 in the cytologic preparations and the pres ence of CIN2+ lesions in the histologic test (chi-square for trend p< 0.0001). The sensitivity, specificity and NPV were 93%, 52% and 91%, respectively, in all cytologic diagnostic categories. P16 was positive in 46% of ASC-US and 53% of L-SIL. The PPV vs expressed CIN2+ was higher than that observed in cytologic reading (48% vs 26%, and 31% vs 20%, respectively). The sensitivity was 83%, the specificity 67% and 54%, respectively, and the VNP was 92% and 93%. It is possible to design algorithms for colposcopic follow-up that can reduce the need to obtain a follow-up. The future application of this test may allow the creation of a bio-molecular automated pap test.

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