Aggarwal A.,Institute of Dental science
Journal of oral science | Year: 2012
Prevention and treatment of oral diseases and diabetes require persistent daily self-care, as there is a mutual association between periodontitis severity and level of diabetes control. In this questionnaire study, we investigated oral health behavior, attitudes, and knowledge of diabetes-related factors among 500 Indian adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The questionnaire asked about oral self-care, dental visits, self-perceived problems, and knowledge of the relationship between diabetes and oral health. The most recent glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) value was obtained from patient medical records. Overall, 22% of participants reported twice-daily toothbrushing; women were more likely than men to brush twice daily (P< 0.001). With respect to age and diabetes control, participants aged 35-44 years with good diabetes control had the highest rate of twice-daily brushing (P< 0.001). Oral self-care and use of dental services were poor among participants. The present results indicate that Indians with type 2 diabetes need further promotion of oral self-care and regular dental checkups to compensate for their increased risk of oral disease.
Aggarwal A.,Institute of Dental science
Minerva stomatologica | Year: 2012
Osteoporosis is one of the most common human bone diseases affecting millions of people, including over one-third of females above the age of 65. Osteoporosis is characterized by decreased bone density and weakened bones. There is evidence that osteoporosis affects the craniofacial and oral structures, although the contribution of osteoporosis in the loss of periodontal attachments, teeth, and height of the residual ridge has not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, the relationship between systemic osteoporosis and oral health is still a complex problem of great interest to a large number of researchers and clinicians. In addition, the dentist could screen patients with unrecognized osteoporosis using information already available in the dental office. The purpose of screening is to identify individuals who are likely to benefit from treatment. The fact that dental radiographs are regularly made on a large fraction of the adult population makes their potential use as a marker of skeletal health an exciting avenue of research. The purpose of this article was to review the use of various intraoral as well as panoramic radiographs to promote early identification of patients at risk for osteoporosis.
Comparative evaluation of decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft use alone and in combination with polylactic acid, polyglycolic acid membrane in the treatment of noncontained human periodontal infrabony defects.
Agarwal A.,Institute of Dental science
Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985) | Year: 2012
To compare the regenerative potential of bone graft used alone and in combination with barrier membrane in noncontained human periodontal infrabony defects. Twelve patients (7 men and 5 women, 30 to 65 years of age) with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis were included in the study. A total of 16 one- or two-walled intraosseous defects were selected and randomly divided for decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft, alone (control group) or in combination with polylactic acid, polyglycolic acid barrier membrane (test group). Pocket probing depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), radiologic bone fill (RBF), and alveolar height reduction (AHR) were recorded immediately before surgery and after 3 and 6 months postoperatively. The ANOVA and Newman-Keuls post hoc tests were used for statistical analysis. A two-tailed probability value of P < .05 was considered to be statistically significant. For bone graft alone, PPD reduction was 2.00 ± 0.19 mm, CAL gain was 1.38 ± 0.18 mm, and RBF was 0.63 ± 0.26 mm: for the test group, PPD reduction was 2.75 ± 0.37 mm, CAL gain was 1.50 ± 0.27 mm, and RBF was 1.13 ± 0.23 mm. AHR for the control and test groups was 0.38 and 0.37 mm, respectively. These results confirmed nonsignificant clinical and radiologic differences in regenerative outcome with bone graft alone and with guided tissue regeneration in the treatment of noncontained human periodontal infrabony defects.
Mittal M.,Institute of Dental science
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013
A 37-year-old male patient reported to our department with chief complaint of pain and pus discharge from the labial marginal gingiva in the maxillary right lateral incisor region since last 4 months. Clinically, the tooth was hypersensitive to percussion and palpation but failed to respond to pulp sensitivity testing. After periodontal probing, a palatal groove was observed which started at the cingulum and travelled apically and laterally, associated with a pocket depth of 8 mm. Occlusal radiograph showed circumscribed radiolucency measuring 5 mm×7 mm in diameter at the apex of the tooth. A clinical diagnosis of chronic apical abscess was established. The case was treated with a combination of mineral trioxide aggregate and bone graft. At the 6-month follow-up visit, the tooth showed progressive healing without sinus track and sulcular bleeding.
Kumar S.,Institute of Dental science |
Rao K.,Sri Guru Ram Dass Institute of Medical science and Research
Indian Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2012
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder. Patients have heterochromia or eyes with iris of different color, increased inter-canthal distance, distopia canthorum, pigmentation anomalies, and varying degree of deafness. It usually follows autosomal dominant pattern. In this report, two cases have been discussed but no familial history of WS has been found. Counseling of the patient is necessary and cases of irreversible deafness have been treated.