Yang S.,81st Hospital of P.L.A. |
Wang C.,98th Hospital of PLA |
Zhou Y.,University of Western Ontario |
Sun G.,Jinling Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2012
The development of Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a complex process, resulting from interplay between mutations in oncogenes and tumor suppressors, host susceptibility factors, and cellular context. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) plays important roles in downregulating the T-cell activation. Polymorphisms in the CTLA-4 gene have been shown to be associated with different autoimmune diseases and cancers. The current study evaluated the association of two CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms, -318C/T (rs5742909) and +49G/A (rs231775) with ES in the Chinese population. CTLA-4 polymorphisms were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism in 223 ES cases and 302 age-matched healthy controls. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test. Results showed that prevalence of the CTLA-4 gene +49AA genotype and +49A allele were significantly increased in ES patients compared to controls (odds ratio [OR]=2.03, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-3.66, p=0.018; and OR=1.33, 95%CI, 1.03-1.72, p=0.027). Also, subjects with CA (-318, +49) haplotype had a 1.37-fold increased risk to develop ES (p=0.032). In addition, ES patients with metastasis had higher numbers of +49AA genotype than those with localized cases (OR=2.66, 95%CI, 1.14-6.22, p=0.022). These results indicate that the CTLA-4+49G/A polymorphism is a new risk factor for ES and may affect the prognosis of this cancer. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Xu Y.,98th Hospital of PLA |
Li Q.,98th Hospital of PLA |
Su P.,98th Hospital of PLA |
Shen T.,98th Hospital of PLA |
Zhu Y.,98th Hospital of PLA
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis and treatment of complex fractures of the tibial plateau. A total of 71 patients with complex fractures of the tibial plateau (estimated Schatzker classifications III, V and VI) were included in this study. The X-ray, MDCT and MRI data obtained from the patients were analyzed. MDCT was the most sensitive method in the diagnosis of tibial articular surface collapse, cruciate ligament tibial avulsion fracture, degree of fracture comminution and degree of fracture displacement (P<0.01). MRI was the most sensitive method in the diagnosis of injuries of the cruciate and collateral ligaments, menisci and cartilage peeling of the articular surfaces (P<0.01). MDCT and MRI were demonstrated to be more sensitive than X-rays for the diagnosis of insidious damage around the knee.