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Takatsuki, Japan

Sakai A.,7 Daigaku machi | Otani M.,Kobe Gakuin University | Miyamoto A.,7 Daigaku machi | Yoshida H.,Osaka Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2012

To identify the proteins involved in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistance, a comparison of the total and phosphorylated proteins between the human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell line DLD-1 and its 5-FU-resistant subclone DLD-1/5-FU was performed. Using 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/TOF-based proteomics, 17 up-regulated and 19 down-regulated protein spots were identified in the 5-FU-resistant DLD-1/5-FU cells compared with the parent cell lines. In DLD-1/5-FU cells, 7 anti-apoptotic proteins (HSPB1, proteasome subunit α-5, transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase, 14-3-3 β, 14-3-3 γ, 14-3-3 σ, and phosphoglycerate kinase 1) were up-regulated and 4 proapoptotic proteins (cofilin-1, pyruvate kinase M2, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and nucleophosmin) were down-regulated. The results show that the acquired drug resistance of DLD-1/5-FU cells is caused by the prevention of drug-induced apoptosis, in particular through the enhanced constitutive expression of HSPB1 and its phosphorylated form. Short interfering RNA knockdown of endogenous HSPB1 in DLD-1/5-FU cells restored the sensitivity to 5-FU. Furthermore, MALDI-TOF/TOF and 2-DE Western blot analysis identified the phosphorylated residues of HSPB1 as Ser-15 and Ser-82 in the main (diphosphorylated) form and Ser-15, Ser-78, and Ser-82 in the minor (triphosphorylated) form. The current findings indicate that phosphorylated HSPB1 may play an important role in 5-FU resistance. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Ariyoshi Y.,7 Daigaku machi | Shimahara M.,7 Daigaku machi | Kimura Y.,7 Daigaku machi | Ito Y.,7 Daigaku machi | And 3 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2011

The present study aimed to demonstrate the features of fluorine-18-labeled boronophenylalanine positron emission tomography ( 18F-BPA-PET) to reveal oral cancer, as well as normal structures in the oral and maxillofacial regions. We analyzed 18F-BPA-PET findings from 8 patients with histologically confirmed recurrent and/or advanced oral cancer scheduled for boron neutron capture therapy. The capacity of 18F-BPA-PET to delineate tumor and normal structures was assessed qualitatively and quantitatively. Tumors were easily identified as high uptake areas in all cases. Although the eyes, which were depicted as a low uptake area, and tongue musculature were readily identified, major vessels were not noted in any of the cases. Areas corresponding to the surface of the dorsum tongue to middle pharynx were expressed as high uptake areas in all of the cases. Quantitatively, tumors were expressed as the highest uptake area in 6 of the 8 cases, while the dorsum tongue had the highest uptake area in the remaining 2 cases. 18F-BPA-PET is useful in demonstrating the presence of a tumor. Thus, it is crucial to note the presence of a high uptake area corresponding to the dorsum area of the tongue when diagnosing a tumor using this technique. Source

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