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Hemingford Grey, United Kingdom

Burton R.,63 Common Lane
Polar Record | Year: 2011

The construction and history of meridian transit beacons erected by members of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition at King Edward Cove, South Georgia, in 1914 are described. Copyright © 2010 Cambridge University Press. Source


Burton R.,63 Common Lane | King J.C.,British Antarctic Survey
Polar Record | Year: 2016

Before Shackleton arrived at South Georgia aboard Endurance on 5 November 1914 he was aware that the vessel might meet bad pack-ice in the Weddell Sea. This had been forecast on the basis of climate analysis by Robert Mossman, the meteorologist on the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition (1902-1904), who was currently working at the Argentine Meteorological Office. Mossman was interested in teleconnections linking meteorological and oceanic conditions in widely separated places and had studied the links between the Weddell Sea and South America. Mossman's Antarctic data were mainly records from the Orcadas station in the South Orkneys which had operated continuously from 1903. He found a correlation between extensive pack-ice in the Weddell Sea and plentiful rain in a belt across South America that included Buenos Aires. The experiences of Endurance supported this. Modern studies of the El Ninõ-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) broadly confirm Mossman's conclusions. © 2015 Cambridge University Press. Source


The small population of Weddell seals at Larsen Harbour, South Georgia, is isolated from the rest of the species and is unique because nearly all pups are born on land rather than on sea-ice. Observations of seals in Larsen Harbour during the breeding season are summarised. These have been infrequent until cruise ships started to visit. With often only a single observation in a year, accurate estimates of pup production are impossible but it appears that the population has decreased over the last three decades. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2015. Source

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