Cambridge, MA, United States
Cambridge, MA, United States

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Bregman H.,60 Binney Street | Simard J.R.,Amgen Inc. | Andrews K.L.,60 Binney Street | Ayube S.,60 Binney Street | And 23 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2017

Current pain therapeutics suffer from undesirable psychotropic and sedative side effects, as well as abuse potential. Glycine receptors (GlyRs) are inhibitory ligand-gated ion channels expressed in nerves of the spinal dorsal horn, where their activation is believed to reduce transmission of painful stimuli. Herein, we describe the identification and hit-to-lead optimization of a novel class of tricyclic sulfonamides as allosteric GlyR potentiators. Initial optimization of high-throughput screening (HTS) hit 1 led to the identification of 3, which demonstrated ex vivo potentiation of glycine-activated current in mouse dorsal horn neurons from spinal cord slices. Further improvement of potency and pharmacokinetics produced in vivo proof-of-concept tool molecule 20 (AM-1488), which reversed tactile allodynia in a mouse spared-nerve injury (SNI) model. Additional structural optimization provided highly potent potentiator 32 (AM-3607), which was cocrystallized with human GlyRα3cryst to afford the first described potentiator-bound X-ray cocrystal structure within this class of ligand-gated ion channels (LGICs). © 2016 American Chemical Society.


Schenkel L.B.,60 Binney Street | Olivieri P.R.,60 Binney Street | Boezio A.A.,60 Binney Street | Deak H.L.,60 Binney Street | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2016

There has been significant interest in developing a transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) antagonist for the treatment of pain due to a wealth of data implicating its role in pain pathways. Despite this, identification of a potent small molecule tool possessing pharmacokinetic properties allowing for robust in vivo target coverage has been challenging. Here we describe the optimization of a potent, selective series of quinazolinone-based TRPA1 antagonists. High-throughput screening identified 4, which possessed promising potency and selectivity. A strategy focused on optimizing potency while increasing polarity in order to improve intrinisic clearance culminated with the discovery of purinone 27 (AM-0902), which is a potent, selective antagonist of TRPA1 with pharmacokinetic properties allowing for >30-fold coverage of the rat TRPA1 IC50 in vivo. Compound 27 demonstrated dose-dependent inhibition of AITC-induced flinching in rats, validating its utility as a tool for interrogating the role of TRPA1 in in vivo pain models. © 2016 American Chemical Society.


Schenkel L.B.,60 Binney Street | Schenkel L.B.,Amgen | Huang X.,60 Binney Street | Huang X.,Amgen | And 39 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

Developing Janus kinase 2 (Jak2) inhibitors has become a significant focus for small molecule drug discovery programs in recent years due to the identification of a Jak2 gain-of-function mutation in the majority of patients with myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). Here, we describe the discovery of a thienopyridine series of Jak2 inhibitors that culminates with compounds showing 100- to >500-fold selectivity over the related Jak family kinases in enzyme assays. Selectivity for Jak2 was also observed in TEL-Jak cellular assays, as well as in cytokine-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and whole blood assays. X-ray cocrystal structures of 8 and 19 bound to the Jak2 kinase domain aided structure-activity relationship efforts and, along with a previously reported small molecule X-ray cocrystal structure of the Jak1 kinase domain, provided structural rationale for the observed high levels of Jak2 selectivity. (Figure presented) © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Hua Z.,60 Binney Street | Bregman H.,60 Binney Street | Buchanan J.L.,60 Binney Street | Chakka N.,60 Binney Street | And 24 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2013

Tankyrases (TNKS1 and TNKS2) are proteins in the poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) family. They have been shown to directly bind to axin proteins, which negatively regulate the Wnt pathway by promoting β-catenin degradation. Inhibition of tankyrases may offer a novel approach to the treatment of APC-mutant colorectal cancer. Hit compound 8 was identified as an inhibitor of tankyrases through a combination of substructure searching of the Amgen compound collection based on a minimal binding pharmacophore hypothesis and high-throughput screening. Herein we report the structure- and property-based optimization of compound 8 leading to the identification of more potent and selective tankyrase inhibitors 22 and 49 with improved pharmacokinetic properties in rodents, which are well suited as tool compounds for further in vivo validation studies. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

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