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Gu X.-Y.,454th Hospital of Chinese PLA | Wang J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Luo Y.-Z.,454th Hospital of Chinese PLA | Du Q.,Nanjing Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death. Our investigations show that miR-150 is a typical microRNA that is overexpressed in human NSCLC. We characterized the effects of miR-150 overexpression in NSCLC cells and found that down-regulation of miR-150 expression inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis in vitro; additionally, up-regulation of miR-150 levels had the opposite effect on tumor growth and progression. Furthermore, we found that the mechanism of the miR-150 effects on NSCLC cells was associated with alterations in the expression of human BRI1-associated receptor kinase 1 (BAK1). miR-150 may function as an oncogene in NSCLC cells by directly targeting BAK1. Thus, these data highlight a novel molecular interaction between miR-150 and BAK1 and provide a novel strategy for NSCLC therapy via the down-regulation of miR-150 expression. © 2014 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

Shi L.,Jiangsu University | Wan Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Sun G.,Nantong University | Gu X.,454th Hospital of Chinese PLA | And 6 more authors.
NeuroMolecular Medicine | Year: 2012

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs whose function as modulators of gene expression is crucial for the proper control of cell development, differentiation, and homeostasis. The total number and composition of miRNAs expressed per cell at different stages of development varies widely, and the same miRNA may function differently at different stages of development. In this prospective study, we evaluated the function of miR- 125b at different developmental stages of glioblastoma cells, such as primary glioblastoma cells and the corresponding stem cells. CD133 is an important surface marker in glioblastoma stem cells. We found that the upregulation of miR-125b had no effects on the invasion of primary glioblastoma CD133-negative cells but that it could inhibit the invasion of corresponding CD133-positive cells; however, the downregulation of miR-125b also had no effects on the invasion of primary glioblastoma CD133-negative cells but promoted the invasion of CD133-positive cells. Further research into the underlying mechanism demonstrated that the effects of miR-125b on the invasion of glioblastoma CD133-positive cells were associated with the alteration of the expression of MMPs (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and corresponding inhibitors (RECK and TIMP3). Our results demonstrate that miR-125b expression plays an essential role in the invasion of glioblastoma CD133- positive cells but not CD133-negative cells. Therefore, miR-125b may represent a novel target for therapy targeting the invasion of glioblastoma stem cells in the future. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.

Gu X.,454th Hospital of Chinese PLA | Jiang D.,454th Hospital of Chinese PLA | Wang Y.,454th Hospital of Chinese PLA | Du Q.,Nanjing Medical University | Cai J.,Nanjing Medical University
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2012

Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) has been noted for its reduction of eosinophilic airway inflammation in a murine model of chronic asthma. To gain a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in this anti-inflammatory phenomenon, the effect of AS-IV on human blood eosinophils was studied in vitro. Eosinophils were isolated from the blood of patients with mild atopic asthma, preincubated with AS-IV for 1 h and stimulated in the presence or absence of the house dust mite allergen Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) 1 for 4 h. The survival of the eosinophils at 48 h was investigated using trypan blue and the surface expression of CC chemokine receptor 3 (CCR3) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) by the eosinophils was analyzed using flow cytometry. The secretion of cytokines in the supernatants and the chemotaxis of the eosinophils were measured by ELISA and the transwell system, respectively. Der p 1 was found to prolong the survival of the eosinophils. Similarly, the expression of CCR3 and ICAM-1, secretion of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-5, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and the granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and transmigration of the eosinophils were increased in the presence of Der p 1. However, these inductive effects on the eosinophils were significantly inhibited by AS-IV (50 μg/ml). These findings suggest that AS-IV modulates eosinophil activation and trafficking in response to Der p 1 and may therefore be a useful therapeutic option in eosinophilic asthma.

Du Q.,Nanjing Medical University | Gu X.,454th Hospital of Chinese PLA | Cai J.,Nanjing Medical University | Huang M.,Nanjing Medical University | Su M.,Nanjing Medical University
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2012

Chrysin, a flavonoid obtained from various natural sources, has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antioxidant and anti-allergic activities. However, its anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities in asthma animal models are poorly understood. In the present study, we examined the effects of chrysin on airway inflammation and the possible mechanisms through which it acts in a murine model of allergic asthma. BALB/c mice sensitized and challenged to ovalbumin (OVA) were administered intragastrically with chrysin at a dose of 50 mg/kg daily. Chrysin significantly suppressed OVA-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to acetylcholine chloride (Ach). Chrysin administration significantly inhibited the total inflammatory cell and eosinophil counts in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and total immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels in serum. Histological examination of lung tissue demonstrated that chrysin significantly attenuated allergen-induced lung eosinophilic inflammation and mucus-producing goblet cells in the airway. In addition, chrysin triggered a switch of the immune response to allergens towards a T-helper type 1 (Th1) profile by modulating the transcription factors T-bet and GATA-3 in allergic mice. These data suggest that chrysin exhibits anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory properties and provides new insights into the immunopharmacological role of chrysin in terms of its effects in a murine model of asthma.

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