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Regina, Canada

Everard M.,University of the West of England | Kataria G.,3Rd Floor
Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems | Year: 2011

1. Mahseer fishes of the genus Tor are 'iconic species' in Indian rivers, representing 'flagship' species for conservation purposes but with additional exploitable, cultural and economic values. Conservation action is required to address their vulnerability to numerous pressures on multiple habitats, and connections between them, across the extended aquatic ecosystems supporting different life stages. 2. Recreational angling for mahseer, along with associated wildlife and cultural tourism, is a growth industry dependent upon healthy river ecosystems. 3. A cyclic, ecosystem-based model in which local people can benefit economically from sustainable mahseer exploitation through catch-and-release fisheries can form a basis for conservation of both mahseer and the wider river ecosystem. 4. Experience on the Western Ramganga River in the vicinity of the town of Bikhyasen, Uttarakhand State (in the Himalayas in northern India), demonstrates the importance of involving local people in the benefits associated with angling, wildlife and cultural tourism. This creates local incentives for river protection, and may be the most effective means for preventing destructive over-exploitation in poor rural communities. 5. Recognition of this value and its recirculation to local people can form the basis for a 'paying for ecosystems services' (PES) market. This will benefit river ecosystems, local people, tour operators and visiting anglers, provided that local people benefit to a greater extent than through the killing of fish for non-renewable consumption or sale. 6. This is the basis for a potentially transferable model which may support regional development through involving local people in markets for iconic species. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Millar M.,3Rd Floor
Journal of Medical Ethics | Year: 2011

Antibiotic resistance threatens the capacity to treat lifethreatening infections. If it is accepted that it will be many years (if not decades) until the production of new antibiotics overcomes current concerns with antibiotic resistance then ways to conserve the effectiveness of current antibiotics will have to be found. For many bacterial agents of infection levels of antibiotic resistance are directly dependent on the quantity of antibiotic prescribed. Antibiotics are currently underutilised in many parts of the world. If a just distribution of access to antibiotics requires equal access for individuals with equal need irrespective of wealth then responding to this requirement of justice has the potential to shorten the effective life of currently available antibiotics. Increasing the range and numbers of individuals treated with antibiotics would seem to threaten sustainability and also potentially undermine the access of future generations to cost-effective treatments for bacterial infection. The control of antibiotic resistance requires that the determinants of infectious disease transmission are addressed, such as poor housing, education and nutrition as well as the provision of antibiotics. The apparent tension between intragenerational justice and sustainability diminishes when the account of distributive justice extends beyond access to antibiotics and includes plural entitlements. Controlling antibiotic resistance requires more than the redistribution or reduction (in the overall use) of antibiotics.

Sheaves M.,James Cook University | Molony B.,3Rd Floor
Journal of Fish Biology | Year: 2013

The reproductive periodicity of the sparid, Acanthopagrus pacificus, over four temporal scales is described. Acanthopagrus pacificus had a short spawning season between June and September, and within this, a peak reproductive period from July to early September. During the peak period there were several spawning peaks corresponding to a lunar periodicity, with intense reproductive activity on new and full moons that peaked during the period of the full moon when the tidal range was greatest. At the smallest temporal scale, spawning occurred at night on ebb tides. Because this study draws on data collected in 1991 and 1995, it provides a useful baseline against which to judge future changes in reproductive periodicity. © 2013 The Author. Journal of Fish Biology © 2013 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.

Khalid M.S.,Malaysia Japan International Institute of Technology | Songip A.R.,Malaysia Japan International Institute of Technology | Bakar N.A.,Malaysia Japan International Institute of Technology | Musri M.,3Rd Floor
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences | Year: 2015

Ageing Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) have come with risks whereby failure due to loss of containments can potentially cause catastrophic damage to humans and environment. The failure due to loss of containments such as oil and gas may triggera domino effect-explosion. This study aims to introduce an alternative method to assess the fitness of the underground storage for operational purposes. Therefore, Risk Based Assessment (RBA) of the underground storage tank at a petrol station has been carried out. RBA consists of three maincomponents: policy, technical factors and maintenance. The result of the RBA provides improved monitoring and supervising of the integrity of the underground storage tank within an acceptable risk range. This RBA can be implemented, replicated and uses by other petrol stations. The results demonstrate that the investigation of the RBAs associated with underground storage tanks, especially those containing polymer material is worthy to be further pursued. © Medwell Journals, 2015.

Mathew N.G.,3Rd Floor | Abiramalatha T.,3Rd Floor | Singh H.,Christian Medical College | Santhanam S.,3Rd Floor
Indian Pediatrics | Year: 2015

Background: Neonatal appendicitis is difficult to diagnose, and is associated with high mortality. Case characteristics: A preterm (33 wk) neonate developed abdominal distension feeding intolerance and erythema of left inguinal region on day 4 of life. Observation: Testicular torsion was suspected but inguinal exploration revealed normal testis with feco-purulent fluid draining into processus vaginalis from peritoneal cavity. Laparotomy revealed inflamed and perforated appendix. Appendectomy and intravenous antibiotics led to a recovery. Message: Appendicitis in a neonate can rarely present with inguinal symptoms, masquerading as testicular torsion. © 2015, Indian Academy of Pediatrics.

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