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Atlanta, GA, United States

Edelman S.,365 Clifton Rd NE | Edelman S.,Winship Cancer Institute | Butler J.,Emory University | Hershatter B.W.,365 Clifton Rd NE | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Genitourinary Cancer

Conflicting clinical evidence regarding the possible association between androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with heart failure in men with prostate cancer is reviewed, including 2 population-based registries showing such an association, and 1 showing no association. Studies of the effects of androgens on cardiomyocyte contractility at the molecular level, the effects of testosterone on the cardiovascular system, particularly cardiac function, and the beneficial effects of testosterone therapy for patients with heart failure might help illuminate this controversy. Future studies are needed to evaluate the effect of ADT on end points of heart failure. The authors weigh the possible adverse effects of ADT on cardiac function and heart failure against its known benefits to cancer outcomes, defined according to published, randomized trials, in a discussion of the implications of the preclinical and clinical literature on the management of prostate cancer in men at risk for heart failure. In the absence of conclusive evidence that ADT causes heart failure, the authors discuss clinical situations in which ADT may be delayed, given on a short-term or intermittent basis, or withheld from treatment with the goal of reducing the risks of heart failure without compromising prostate cancer outcomes. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Mahaseth H.,365 Clifton Rd NE | Brutcher E.,365 Clifton Rd NE | Kauh J.,365 Clifton Rd NE | Hawk N.,365 Clifton Rd NE | And 4 more authors.

OBJECTIVES: FOLFIRINOX (5-fluorouracil [5-FU], oxaliplatin, and irinotecan) as compared with gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer (PC) has superior activity and increased toxicity. The bolus 5-FU contributes to the toxicity. We hypothesized that the elimination of bolus 5-FU and use of hematopoietic growth factor will improve the safety profile without compromising the activity of FOLFIRINOX. METHODS: Sixty patients with PC treated with modified FOLFIRINOX (no bolus 5-FU) were reviewed. Patients were divided into metastatic or nonmetastatic (locally advanced or borderline resectable) disease. Toxicity, response rate, progression-free survival, and overall survival were evaluated. RESULTS: Nonmetastatic and metastatic disease were present in 24 (40%) and 36 (60%) patients, respectively. The incidence of grade 4 neutropenia, grade 3/4 diarrhea, and fatigue were 3%, 13%, and 13%, respectively. Response rate was 30%. The median progression-free survival for nonmetastatic disease was 13.7 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.6-24.6 months), and that for metastatic disease was 8.5 months (95% CI, 3.7-11.0 months), respectively. The median overall survival for nonmetastatic disease was 17.8 months (95% CI, 9.9 months to not estimable), and that for metastatic disease was and 9.0 months (95% CI, 7.1 months to not estimable), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Modified FOLFIRINOX has an improved safety profile with maintained efficacy in metastatic PC. Modified FOLFIRINOX has promising activity in nonmetastatic disease. Copyright © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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