Zhao Y.,CAS Institute of Zoology |
Wu T.,CAS Institute of Zoology |
Shao S.,CAS Institute of Zoology |
Shi B.,309 Hospital Of Chinese Peoples Liberation Army
OncoImmunology | Year: 2016
CD11b+Gr-1+ myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are an important population of innate regulatory cells mainly comprising monocytic MDSCs (M-MDSCs) with a phenotype of CD11b+Ly6G−Ly6Chigh and granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs) with a phenotype of CD11b+Ly6G+Ly6Clow in mice. They play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of cancers, chronic infections, autoimmune diseases, and transplantation. Various extracellular factors such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), stem cell factor (SCF), interleukin (IL)-6, interferon gamma (IFNγ), IL-1β, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Hsp72, IL-13, C5a, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) can induce MDSC differentiation, whereas IL-4 and all-trans-retinoic acid can inhibit this process. For the intracellular signals, signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family members, C/EBPβ and cyclooxigenase-2 (COX-2) promote MDSC function, whereas interferon regulatory factor-8 (IRF-8) and Smad3 downregulate MDSC activity. The immunosuppressive function of MDSCs is mediated through various effector molecules, primarily cellular metabolism-related molecules such as nitric oxide (NO), arginase, reactive oxygen species (ROS), transforming growth factor β (TGFβ), IL-10, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), carbon monoxide (CO), and PGE2. In this article, we will summarize the molecules involved in the induction and function of MDSCs as well as the regulatory pathways of MDSCs. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Liu M.J.,309 Hospital Of Chinese Peoples Liberation Army |
Yang C.,309 Hospital Of Chinese Peoples Liberation Army |
Li L.H.,309 Hospital Of Chinese Peoples Liberation Army |
Shi B.,309 Hospital Of Chinese Peoples Liberation Army |
And 3 more authors.
Medical Science Monitor | Year: 2014
Background: Currently, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is still an essential treatment approach for leukemia. However, patients with leukemia often have weakened immune function, especially more seriously compromised cellular immune response, and appear to be at greater risk for tuberculosis infection during the transplantation process. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for the treatment of patients with leukemia accompanying active tuberculosis infection.Material/Methods: We retrospectively analyzed records of 7 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with leukemia concomitant with active tuberculosis infection and who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in our hospital from January 2006 to December 2012.Results: Among these 7 patients (4 males and 3 females; median age: 38 years; range: 30–46 years), the mean duration of anti-TB treatment before transplantation was 3 months (range: 2–4.5 months). All patients acquired engraftment, with an implantation rate of 100%. After transplantation, the mean duration of anti-TB treatment was 12 months. All patients had response after receiving anti-TB treatment. One patient died of leukemia relapse 6 months after the transplantation, but no tuberculosis infection-related death was reported.Conclusions: Patients with leukemia concomitant with active tuberculosis infection can be treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation if they receive an effeective anti-TB treatment regimen. The anti-TB treatment regimen had no effect against hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and was well-tolerated. All post-transplanted patients experienced no relapse of tuberculosis during the immune-suppression period. The findings in the present investigation deserve further in-depth study. © Med Sci Monit, 2014.