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Mizandari M.,Tbilisi State Medical University | Pai M.,Imperial College London | Xi F.,Imperial College London | Valek V.,University Hospital Brno Bohunice | And 12 more authors.
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology | Year: 2013

Purpose: Previous clinical studies have shown the safety and efficacy of this novel radiofrequency ablation catheter when used for endoscopic palliative procedures. We report a retrospective study with the results of first in man percutaneous intraductal radiofrequency ablation in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with inoperable malignant biliary obstruction were included. These patients underwent intraductal biliary radiofrequency ablation of their malignant biliary strictures following external biliary decompression with an internal-external biliary drainage. Following ablation, they had a metal stent inserted. Results: Following this intervention, there were no 30-day mortality, hemorrhage, bile duct perforation, bile leak, or pancreatitis. Of the 39 patients, 28 are alive and 10 patients are dead with a median survival of 89.5 (range 14-260) days and median stent patency of 84.5 (range 14-260) days. One patient was lost to follow-up. All but one patient had their stent patent at the time of last follow-up or death. One patient with stent blockage at 42 days postprocedure underwent percutaneous transhepatic drain insertion and restenting. Among the patients who are alive (n = 28) the median stent patency was 92 (range 14-260) days, whereas the patients who died (n = 10) had a median stent patency of 62.5 (range 38-210) days. Conclusions: In this group of patients, it appears that this new approach is feasible and safe. Efficacy remains to be proven in future, randomized, prospective studies. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE). Source


Xing Q.-C.,309 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Hao L.-B.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Wang J.-F.,Chinese PLA General Hospital
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Staphylococcal infections and its biofilm formation can occur when orthopedic implants or wound is healing, and are regulated by bacterial population sensing mechanism. RNAIII inhibiting peptide intervenes the quorum-sensing system of staphylococcal and blocks the signal transduction among staphylococcal cells, and inhibits staphylococcal biofilm formation, and then prevents staphylococcal infections. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of RNAIII inhibiting peptide on the adhesion of staphylococcus epidermis to the Hela cells. METHODS: The Hela cells were cultured in vitro. There were four groups in this study. In the blank group, saline with dimethyl sulfoxide was added in each well. In the RNAIII inhibiting peptide group, dimethyl sulfoxide solution containing RNAIII inhibiting peptide was added. In the levofloxacin group, levofloxacin was added. In the combination group, the dose was in accordance with above methods. Using intergroup control method, the adhesion of staphylococcus epidermis to the Hela cells was compared under the effects of saline, RNAIII inhibiting peptide and levofloxacin and their combination. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the blank group, abundant bacterial adhered to Hela cells. The number of adhered bacteria was significantly lower in each medicine group than in the blank group (P < 0.001). The spot count was significantly lower in the levofloxacin group than in the RNAIII inhibiting peptide group (P < 0.05). In the combination group, the number of bacteria adhered to Hela cells was decreased (P < 0.01). Results verified that RNAIII inhibiting peptide effectively suppressed the adhesion of staphylococcus epidermis to the host cells, and showed synergistic effects on antibiotics. © 2014, Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research. All rights reserved. Source


Pang Y.-P.,Hebei North University | Cheng Y.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Hao H.-J.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Liu J.-J.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Shen J.,309 Hospital of Chinese PLA
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army | Year: 2015

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effect of systemic infusion of MSC culture supernatant in STZ-induced diabetic rats, and explore the mechanism of effect of MSC secretion on promoting regeneration of the islet tissues. Methods The diabetic animal model was reproduced in 35 SD rats by intraperitoneal injection of a single large dose of streptozotocin (STZ, 65mg/ kg). The 30 successfully induced diabetic rats were randomly divided into MSC culture supernatant infusion group (CM, n=15) and medium infusion group (M, n=15), and in addition, 15 normal rats were used as control. Animals were intravenously transfused with MSC supernatant (CM group) or raw medium (M group), then the contents of blood glucose were determined 3 days after infusion. The serum insulin and C-peptide levels were monitored and the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) was performed on the 7th day of infusion to evaluate the therapeutic effect of MSCs supernatant infusion in diabetic rats. Finally, all the experimental animals were sacrificed at indicated time points and the pancreatic tissues were collected for multiple immunofluorescence staining (MIFS), in order to observe the β-cell regeneration after MSCs supernatant infusion, and to further explore the possible mechanism involved in the experiment. Results At the early stage after infusion (<7 days), the blood glucose level declined and the contents of serum insulin and C-peptide increased obviously in CM group as compared with that of M group (P<0.05). IPGTT showed that the islet function was significantly enhanced in CM group compared with M group. MIFS showed that the number of β cells in the destroyed islets in CM group rats was significantly increased as compared with that of M group rats. In addition, the proliferation rate of β cells was obviously higher in CM group (4%) than in control group (0.5%, P<0.01). Conclusion Treatment with MSCs culture supernatant obviously prompted β cell proliferation in the destroyed islets, resulting in regeneration of the islets with islet function recovery, thus it effectively controls the advance of diabetes. © 2015, People’s Military Medical Press. All rights reserved. Source


Xing Q.,309 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Huang Z.,309 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Zhang J.,Henan University
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Yaotuitong (translation: low back and leg pain) capsules, a Chinese herbal preparation, and the histological changes it induces in experimental rats with chemically induced radicular neuritis. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal, model, Western medicine, and traditional Chinese medicine groups (n=24 per group). We surgically duplicated a chemical radicular neuritis model to simulate lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion. Granuloma formation was measured on postoperative days (PODs) 3, 7, 14, and 21. Prostaglandin E2 and 5-hydroxytryptamine (inflammation mediators) levels in the surrounding tissue and the histology of the nerve root were determined on PODs 7 and 14. RESULTS: Yaotuitong capsules significantly reduced prostaglandin E2 (P<0.01) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (P<0.01) levels in tissue surrounding the nerve root. It also inhibited granuloma formation (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Yaotuitong capsules have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects that can alleviate the discomfort of lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion. © 2012 JTCM. All rights reserved. Source


Qiang W.,309 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Ming C.,309 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Shi B.-Y.,309 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Qian Y.-Y.,309 Hospital of Chinese PLA | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Pancreas-kidney transplantation is an effective treatment for diabetes combined with final stage renal disease. However, as the patients suffer diabetes for a long period of time, and cardiovascular system disease is complex, pre- and post-transplantation treatment is very important for successful pancreas-kidney transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To discuss immunosuppressant, coagulant, perioperative and postoperative treatment during pancreas-kidney transplantation to provide some clinical experience for pancreas-kidney transplantation. METHODS: Clinical data of 5 cases undergoing simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation in Department of Urinary Surgery, the 309 Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital between 2003 and 2008 were retrospectively analyzed to summarize the application of immunosuppressants and anticoagulant drugs and perioperative clinical monitoring focus. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There were 5 male patients with an average age of 43 years, and suffered type I diabetes mellitus complicated with final stage renal disease. The preoperative insulin dosage was 1.5-2.4 U/(kg·d). One case had diabetic retinopathy and fundus oculi hemorrhage for many times; two cases showed apparent coronary atherosclerotic heart disease with preoperative cardiac ejection fraction of 52% and 50%. Exocrine of transplanted pancreas had been considered by the intestinal fluid drainage. A total of 3 cases were complete rehabilitation. Of them, 1 case developed acute rejection in the first seven days after operation, but renal function restored with the hormones impact; 1 case had postoperative acute rejection of transplanted duodenum as well as intestinal fistula, eventually, transplanted pancreas was ectomized, but transplanted kidney was preserved; two cases succeeded in restoring and no complications occurred; 1 had postoperative gastrointestinal bleeding and died from multiple organ failure. Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation is the most effective way to treat the diabetes mellitus with terminal nephropathy. Because of complications in the transplanted exocrine pancreas with bladder drainage, it has been replaced by the enteric drainage. Recovery of the transplanted kidney function is important for successful transplantation. After operation, oral FK should be taken when the serum creatinine returned to 300 umol/L. The application of clotting drug is one of the important factors for recovery of transplanted pancreatic function. Jejunostomy is an important therapeutic measure to prevent the reflux of intestinal juice to the transplanted pancreas in perioperative period. In the follow-up period cathartic drugs are recommended to prevent constipation and reduce the occurrence of acute pancreatitis caused by intestinal fluid reflux. Source

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