306 Hospital of PLA

Beijing, China

306 Hospital of PLA

Beijing, China
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Wu J.,Tianjin University | Xu J.,Southwestern University of Finance and Economics | Liu G.,Peking University | Wu J.,306 Hospital of PLA
PharmacoEconomics | Year: 2014

Background: High pharmaceutical prices and over-prescribing of high-priced pharmaceuticals in Chinese hospitals has long been criticized. Although policy makers have tried to address these issues, they have not yet found an effective balance between government regulation and market forces. Objective: Our objective was to explore the impact of market competition on pharmaceutical pricing under Chinese government regulation. Methods: Data from 11 public tertiary hospitals in three cities in China from 2002 to 2005 were used to explore the effect of generic and therapeutic competition on prices of antibiotics and cardiovascular products. A quasi-hedonic regression model was employed to estimate the impact of competition. The inputs to our model were specific attributes of the products and manufacturers, with the exception of competition variables. Results: Our results suggest that pharmaceutical prices are inversely related to the number of generic and therapeutic competitors, but positively related to the number of therapeutic classes. In addition, the product prices of leading local manufacturers are not only significantly lower than those of global manufacturers, but are also lower than their non-leading counterparts when other product attributes are controlled for. Conclusion: Under the highly price-regulated market in China, competition from generic and therapeutic competitors did decrease pharmaceutical prices. Further research is needed to explore whether this competition increases consumer welfare in China's healthcare setting. © 2013 Springer International Publishing.

Zhao F.-L.,University of Newcastle | Yue M.,306 Hospital of PLA | Yang H.,First Peoples Hospital of Yunnan Province | Wang T.,First Peoples Hospital of Yunnan Province | And 2 more authors.
Value in Health | Year: 2010

Objective: Generic, preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments is increasingly used in health-care decision-making process. However, to our knowledge, no such HRQoL instrument has been validated or used in chronic prostatitis. We therefore aimed to assess and compare the psychometric properties of EuroQol (EQ-5D) and Short Form 6D (SF-6D) among chronic prostatitis patients in China. Methods: Consenting patients were interviewed using EQ-5D and SF-6D. Convergent and discriminative construct validities were examined with five and two a priori hypotheses, respectively. Sensitivity was compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and relative efficiency (RE) statistics. Agreement between instruments was assessed with intra-class correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman plot, while factors affecting utility difference were explored with multiple liner regression models. Results: In 268 subjects, mean (SD) EQ-5D and SF-6D utility scores were comparable at 0.73 (0.15) and 0.75 (0.10), respectively. Five of the seven hypotheses for construct validity were fulfilled in both instruments. The areas under ROC of them all exceeded 0.5 (P < 0.001). SF-6D had 9.7-19.9% higher efficiency than EQ-5D at detecting the difference in chronic prostatitis symptom severity. Despite no significant difference in utility scores between two instruments, lack of agreement was observed with low intraclass correlation coefficient (0.218-0.630) and Bland-Altman plot analysis. Chronic prostatitis symptom severity significantly (P < 0.05) influenced differences in utility scores between EQ-5D and SF-6D. Conclusions: Both EQ-5D and SF-6D are demonstrated to be valid and sensitive HRQoL measures in Chinese chronic prostatitis patients, with SF-6D showing better HRQoL dimension coverage, greater sensitivity, lower ceiling effect, and more rational distribution. Further research is needed to determine longitudinal response and reliability. © 2010, International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR).

Liu J.,306 Hospital of PLA | Ren Y.,Anhui Medical University | Li B.,306 Hospital of PLA | Lu S.,306 Hospital of PLA
Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy | Year: 2014

Objective: To compare the efficacy of intense pulsed light (IPL) (540-950nm) in treating different erythema associated with rosacea.Methods: Thirty-two patients with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR) (n = 16) and papulopustular rosacea (PPR, n = 16) were recruited. Three treatments of IPL (540-950nm) were administered on the face at 3-week intervals. Clinical improvement in erythema was independently assessed by two dermatologists using a quartile grading scale [0, ≤ 25% improvement (poor); 1, 26-50% improvement (fair); 2, 51-75% improvement (good); and 3, 76-100% improvement (excellent)]. Patient satisfaction was evaluated using a 10-point visual analog scale (VAS: 0, lowest; and 10, highest).Results: Thirty patients were involved in this study. All patients showed improvement in erythema after three sessions of IPL (540-950nm) treatment. Based on physician's assessment, the overall clinical improvement in PPR group was significantly higher (mean ± SD of PPR group, 2.167 ± 0.748 vs. ETR group, 1.400 ± 0.541; P = 0.003) and patient satisfaction was also higher in PPR group (mean ± SD of PPR group, 6.867 ± 1.457 vs. ETR group, 5.600 ± 1.502; P = 0.026). The proportion of patients showing > 75% clinical improvement among PPR group was also higher than that among ETR group (5/15 and 0/15, respectively; P = 0.021). Side effects were minimal and transient (erythema and/or edema) for patients.Conclusions: IPL (540-950nm) is a safe and effective treatment for rosacea-associated erythema, especially for perilesional erythema. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.

Ordway N.R.,SUNY Upstate Medical University | Rim B.C.,Hana General Hospital | Tan R.,306 Hospital of PLA | Hickman R.,SUNY Upstate Medical University | Fayyazi A.H.,VSAS Orthopaedics
Journal of Orthopaedic Research | Year: 2012

Graft subsidence following anterior cervical reconstruction can result in the loss of sagittal balance and recurring foraminal stenosis. This study examined the implant-endplate interface using a cyclic fatigue loading protocol in an attempt to model the subsidence seen in vivo. The superior endplate from 30 cervical vertebrae (C3 to T1) were harvested and biomechanically tested in axial compression with one of three implants: Fibular allograft; titanium mesh cage packed with cancellous chips; and trabecular metal. Each construct was cyclically loaded from 50 to 250 N for 10,000 cycles. Nondestructive cyclic loading of the cervical endplate-implant construct resulted in a stiffer construct independent of the type of the interbody implant tested. The trabecular metal construct demonstrated significantly more axial stability and significantly less subsidence in comparison to the titanium mesh construct. Although the allograft construct resulted in more subsidence than the trabecular metal construct, the difference was not significant and no difference was found when comparing axial stability. For all constructs, the majority of the subsidence during the cyclic testing occurred during the first 500 cycles and was followed by a more gradual settling in the remaining 9,500 cycles. Copyright © 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society.

Hu Y.,Chongqing Medical University | Zheng Y.,306 Hospital of PLA | Wu Y.,Chongqing Medical University | Ni B.,Chongqing Medical University | Shi S.,Chongqing Medical University
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2014

Immune responses and inflammation are key elements in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). Although the involvement of IL-17A in IS has been demonstrated using animal models, the involvement of IL-17A and IL-17-secreting T cell subsets in IS patients has not been verified, and whether the balance of Treg/IL-17-secreting T cells is altered in IS patients remains unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that the proportion of peripheral Tregs and the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β were reduced in patients with IS compared with controls using flow cytometry (FCM), real-time PCR, and ELISA assays. However, the proportions of Th17 and γδ T cells, the primary IL-17A-secreting cells, increased dramatically, and these effects were accompanied by increases in the levels of IL-17A, IL-23, IL-6, and IL-1β in IS patients. These studies suggest that the increase in IL-17A-producing cells and decrease in Treg cells might contribute to the pathogenesis of IS. Manipulating the balance between Tregs and IL-17A-producing cells might be helpful for the treatment of IS. © 2014 Yuehua Hu et al.

Song S.J.,306 Hospital of PLA | Zhou L.,306 Hospital of PLA | Si S.,306 Hospital of PLA | Liu J.,306 Hospital of PLA | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Maternal vitamin D deficiency has been suggested to influence fetal and neonatal health. Little is known about vitamin D status in Chinese pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to assess the vitamin D status of pregnant women residing in Beijing in winter and evaluate the impact of maternal factors on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels. The study was conducted on 125 healthy pregnant women. For each individual, data concerning pre-pregnancy weight, educational status, use of multivitamins and behavioral factors such as daily duration of computer use, walking and sun exposure were obtained. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D < 50 nmol/L) was 96.8% and almost half (44.8%) of women were severely vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D < 25 nmol/L). The concentration of 25(OH)D was lower in women with shorter duration of sun exposure (≤ 0.5 h/day, 25.3 ± 8.9 nmol/L) than that in women with longer duration of sun exposure (> 0.5 h/day; 30.3± 9.5 nmol/L; P = 0.003). Thirty six women (28.8%) had sun exposure duration ≥ 1.5h/day. The 25(OH)D concentration in these women was 31.5 ± 9.4 nmol/L which was also much lower than the normal level. Women who reported taking a multivitamin supplement had significantly higher 25(OH)D concentrations (32.3 ± 9.5 nmol/L) when compared with non-users (24.9 ± 8.2 nmol/L; P < 0.001). Pregnant women in Beijing are at very high risk of vitamin D deficiency in winter. Duration of Sun exposure and the use of multivitamin were the most important determinants for vitamin D status. However, neither prolonging the time of sunlight exposure nor multivitamin supplements can effectively prevent pregnant women from vitamin D deficiency. Other measures might have to be taken for pregnant women to improve their vitamin D status in winter. © 2013 Song et al.

Lin Y.,306 Hospital of PLA | Xu J.,XiAn No1 Hospital | Liao H.,Affiliated Hospital of xiAn Medical College | Li L.,306 Hospital of PLA | Pan L.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of piperine on human lung cancer A549 cells and to explore its mechanisms. Piperine was found to exert the greatest cytotoxic effect against A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner, whereas it showed no effect on WI38 human lung fibroblasts. This cell growth-inhibitory effect might be attributed to cell DNA damage and cytotoxic effects. Besides, piperine had the ability to cause cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase and to activate caspase-3 and caspase-9 cascades in A549 cells. Furthermore, piperine-induced apoptosis could be blocked by the broad caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk in majority. In addition, piperine treatment decreased Bcl-2 protein expression, but increased Bax protein expression in A549 cells, which were positively correlated with an elevated expression of p53 compared to control. Taken together, these results suggested that piperine could induce p53-mediated cell cycle arrest and apoptosis via activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9 cascades, as well as increasing the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Thus, piperine could be developed as an effective antitumor agent in the prevention and treatment of lung cancer without toxicity to the host. © 2013 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

Wu J.-H.,306 Hospital of PLA | Zhou J.-L.,306 Hospital of PLA | Cui Y.,306 Hospital of PLA | Jing Q.-P.,306 Hospital of PLA | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2013

Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) are a rare type of mesenchymal neoplasms characterized by a proliferation of perivascular cells with an epithelioid phenotype and expression of myo-melanocytic markers. The majority of PEComas seem to be benign and usually their prognosis is good. Malignant cases are extremely rare, exhibiting a malignant course with local recurrences and distant metastases. We herein report a case of a malignant PEComa arising in the retroperitoneum. The patient was a 55-year-old woman experiencing abdominal discomfort for approximately one month. Ultrasound and computer tomography (CT) scans of the abdomen revealed a solid mass arising from the retroperitoneum. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of epithelioid cells mixed with spindled cells. The nucleus had significant atypia, and the mitoses were obvious. The focal intravascular tumor embolus was visible. Immunohistochemically, the epithelioid tumor cells were positive for HMB45 and Melan-A, and the spindled tumor cells were positive for SMA and desmin. Seven months after a surgical resection, an ultrasound revealed liver metastases. In conclusion, the malignant PEComas of the retroperitoneum is a very rare neoplasm with unique morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics. It should be differentiated from other epithelioid cell tumors of the retroperitoneum.

Zhao F.-L.,University of Newcastle | Yue M.,306 Hospital of PLA | Yang H.,First Peoples Hospital of Yunnan Province | Wang T.,First Peoples Hospital of Yunnan Province | And 2 more authors.
Medical Care | Year: 2011

Objective: To estimate the willingness to pay (WTP) per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) ratio with the stated preference data and compare the results obtained between chronic prostatitis (CP) patients and general population (GP). Methods: WTP per QALY was calculated with the subjects own health-related utility and the WTP value. Two widely used preference-based health-related quality of life instruments, EuroQol (EQ-5D) and Short Form 6D (SF-6D), were used to elicit utility for participants own health. The monthly WTP values for moving from participants current health to a perfect health were elicited using closed-ended iterative bidding contingent valuation method. Results: A total of 268 CP patients and 364 participants from GP completed the questionnaire. We obtained 4 WTP/QALY ratios ranging from $4700 to $7400, which is close to the lower bound of local gross domestic product per capita, a threshold proposed by World Health Organization. Nevertheless, these values were lower than other proposed thresholds and published empirical researches on diseases with mortality risk. Furthermore, the WTP/QALY ratios from the GP were significantly lower than those from the CP patients, and different determinants were associated with the within group variation identified by multiple linear regression. Conclusions: Preference elicitation methods are acceptable and feasible in the socio-cultural context of an Asian environment and the calculation of WTP/QALY ratio produced meaningful answers. The necessity of considering the QALY type or disease-specific QALY in estimating WTP/QALY ratio was highlighted and 1 to 3 times of gross domestic product/capita recommended by World Health Organization could potentially serve as a benchmark for threshold in this Asian context. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Liao L.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Yang X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Yang X.,ZunYi Medical College | Su X.,Xi'an Jiaotong University | And 8 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease | Year: 2013

During the process of aging, especially for postmenopausal females, the cell lineage commitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) shift to adipocyte in bone marrow, resulting in osteoporosis. However, the cell-intrinsic mechanism of this cell lineage commitment switch is poorly understood. As the post-transcription regulation by microRNAs (miRNAs) has a critical role in MSCs differentiation and bone homeostasis, we performed comprehensive miRNAs profiling and found miR-705 and miR-3077-5p were significantly enhanced in MSCs from osteoporosis bone marrow. Both miR-705 and miR-3077-5p acted as inhibitors of MSCs osteoblast differentiation and promoters of adipocyte differentiation, by targeting on the 3′untranslated region (3′UTR) of HOXA10 and RUNX2 mRNA separately. Combined inhibition of miR-705 and miR-3077-5p rescued the cell lineage commitment disorder of MSCs through restoring HOXA10 and RUNX2 protein level. Furthermore, we found excessive TNFα and reactive oxygen species caused by estrogen deficiency led to the upregulation of both miRNAs through NF-κB pathway. In conclusion, our findings showed that redundant miR-705 and miR-3077-5p synergistically mediated the shift of MSCs cell lineage commitment to adipocyte in osteoporosis bone marrow, providing new insight into the etiology of osteoporosis at the post-transcriptional level. Moreover, the rescue of MSCs lineage commitment disorder by regulating miRNAs expression suggested a novel potential therapeutic target for osteoporosis as well as stem cell-mediated regenerative medicine. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

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