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Liu Y.,Peking University | Liu Y.,CAS National Center for Nanoscience and Technology | Feng J.,CAS National Center for Nanoscience and Technology | Shi L.,306 Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Nanoscale | Year: 2012

Nanomechanical behaviors of single living cardiomyocytes are quantitatively observed using calculated torsions and deflections of an AFM cantilever. The lateral contractions are related to the calcium intensity within rather than the vertical beating power of the cardiomyocytes. Drug-induced nanomechanical changes of cardiomyocytes were further investigated by measuring lateral contractions in real time.


Watkins A.J.,University of Cambridge | Hamoudi R.A.,University of Cambridge | Zeng N.,University of Cambridge | Yan Q.,University of Cambridge | And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is an indolent B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder characterised by 7q32 deletion, but the target genes of this deletion remain unknown. In order to elucidate the genetic target of this deletion, we performed an integrative analysis of the genetic, epigenetic, transcriptomic and miRNomic data. High resolution array comparative genomic hybridization of 56 cases of SMZL delineated a minimally deleted region (2.8 Mb) at 7q32, but showed no evidence of any cryptic homozygous deletion or recurrent breakpoint in this region. Integrated transcriptomic analysis confirmed significant under-expression of a number of genes in this region in cases of SMZL with deletion, several of which showed hypermethylation. In addition, a cluster of 8 miRNA in this region showed under-expression in cases with the deletion, and three (miR-182/96/183) were also significantly under-expressed (P<0.05) in SMZL relative to other lymphomas. Genomic sequencing of these miRNA and IRF5, a strong candidate gene, did not show any evidence of somatic mutation in SMZL. These observations provide valuable guidance for further characterisation of 7q deletion. © 2012 Watkins et al.


Gu R.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Sun W.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Zhou H.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Wu Z.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2010

Chitosan is a versatile biomaterial lately used as a new generation of local hemostatic agent approved to date for external use only. Here we introduced a fly-larva shell-derived chitosan sponge (CS) and its feasibility for internal use as an absorbable surgical hemostatic agent was evaluated in a rat hepatic hemorrhage model. CS was a better implantable hemostatic material than gelatin sponge (GS) or oxidized cellulose (OC) in both the acute and chronic bleeding models. The better efficacy of CS may be due to its greater ability to enhance platelet activation, erythrocyte aggregation and morphological alteration, and thrombin generation at sites it is applied than GS or OC. Moreover, preliminary safety evaluations have demonstrated excellent blood and cell compatibility in hemorheological measurements, blood coagulation analysis, histological evaluations and hepatocytes culture experiments. None of CS, GS, or OC induced acute inflammation or other adverse effects while normal tissue growth and vascularization were observed in each case 4 weeks after each hemostatic agent had been implanted. Thus, CS has promising properties as an absorbable, implantable agent for promoting perioperative hemostasis and this material warrants further study. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Zheng Y.,Chongqing Medical University | Zheng Y.,306 Hospital | Huang Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Chen X.,Chongqing Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2012

CD4+ T cells serve as master regulators of the adaptive immune response to HBV. However, CD4+ T-cell subsets are heterogeneous, and it remains unknown how the antiviral agents affect the different CD4+ T cell subtypes. To this end, the expressions of signature transcription factors and cytokines of CD4+ T-cell subtypes were examined in hepatitis B patients before and after treatment with telbivudine. Results showed that, upon the rapid HBV copy decrease induced by telbivudine treatment, the frequencies and related cytokines of Th17 and Treg cells were dramatically decreased, while those for Th2 cells were dramatically increased. No obvious changes were observed in Th1 cell frequencies; although, IFN- expression was upregulated in response to telbivudine treatment, suggesting another cell source of IFN-γ in CHB patients. Statistical analyses indicated that Th17 and Tr1 (a Treg subtype) cells were the most sensitive subpopulations of the peripheral blood CD4+ T cells to telbivudine treatment over 52weeks. Thus, Th17 and Tr1 cells may represent a suitable and effective predictor of responsiveness during telbivudine therapy. These findings not only improve our understanding of hepatitis pathogenesis but also can aid in future development of appropriate therapeutic strategies to control viral hepatitis. Copyright © 2012 Yanhua Zheng et al.


Huang B.-Y.,306 Hospital | Gu J.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhang Y.-F.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Zhou J.-J.,306 Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Acta Crystallographica Section:F Structural Biology Communications | Year: 2016

Translocated intimin receptor (Tir) is an Escherichia coli-encoded protein that is transported into the host cell through a sophisticated bacterial type III secretion system (T3SS). Tir anchors the infected cell membrane twice using both its N- and C-termini from inside the host cytoplasm for signalling. It plays a key role in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infection, attaching and effacing (A/E) lesions and intracellular signal transduction. Here, the overexpression, purification and crystallization of its N-terminal intracellular domain are reported. The crystal belonged to the orthorhombic space group I4122, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 59.79, c = 183.11Å. The asymmetric unit contained one molecule, with a solvent content of 51% and a V M of 2.55Å3Da-1. © 2016 International Union of Crystallography.


Shi L.,CAS National Center for Nanoscience and Technology | Shi L.,306 Hospital | Shi L.,Capital Medical University | Shi S.,306 Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Frontiers in Bioscience - Elite | Year: 2010

Most biologists think that AFM has only a limited use in biological research due to its inability to study other than surface structures. Therefore, a BIO-AFM system has been developed to combine both AFM imaging and fluorescence detection, which acts as a powerful tool for a better understanding of dynamic cell processes. In this study, based on a custom-made BIO-AFM system, the elasticity and ultrastructure of living periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) were investigated. The cantilever probe with a micron-sized bead was used to exert nano-loading force onto the PDLCs. The related signal of NO was then recorded simultaneously. The results show that PDLCs hold strong networks of stress fibers as well as high elastic modulus value, exhibiting the ability for better counteracting the external forces. In the mechanotransduction studies, an initial increase and subsequent drop in intracellular NO response was found. Furthermore, NO may diffuse from a stimulated cell to adjacent cells. In conclusion, our single-cell nano-mechanical study provides a significant advancement in elucidating the magnitude, location, time scale, and biomolecular mechanisms underlying cell mechano-transduction.


Cui Y.,306 Hospital | Zhou J.,306 Hospital | Li C.,306 Hospital | Wang P.,306 Hospital | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2010

Space flight is known to induce a number of hepatic physiological alterations. In this study, we investigated Hsp70 expressing features of rat liver under simulated weightlessness. Tail-suspension was used to simulate the weightlessness animal model. Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 6 experimental groups and Hsp70 protein and mRNA expressions in the liver were detected by Western blot and RT-PCR respectively. The tailsuspension significantly increased Hsp70mRNA expression levels in rat liver (P<0.05). The semi-quantitative PCR showed that Hsp70mRNA was upregulated as early as 6 hours of suspension. Western blot analysis indicated that Hsp70 protein was significantly upregulated in the early stage of suspension as compared with controls (P<0.05). The results suggest that simulated weightlessness acts as a kind of stress to elevate liver Hsp70 expression both at protein and mRNA levels. This may be meaningful in astronaut's trainings by preadaptation to non-damaging stress exposures or other environmental factors to foster the astronaut's ability of weightless tolerance.


Li Y.,306 Hospital | Li S.,306 Hospital | Niu Z.,306 Hospital | Bao B.,306 Hospital | Shi X.,306 Hospital
Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology | Year: 2012

UNLABELLED: PUPOSE: To investigate the effect of Smads signal pathway on the osteogenesis of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) in simulated microgravity.METHODS: Human periodontal ligament stem cells were isolated from the ligament of surgically extracted human teeth.Through limiting dilution assay, mono-clone of the cell was obtained, hPDLSCs were isolated from MesenPRO RS medium. Rotary cell culture system (RCCS) was enrolled to set simulated microgravity (SMG). Samples were set to control group (normal gravity group, NG) and simulated microgravity group (SMG). Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of Smads signals and the expression of markers of osteogenesis before and after SIS3. The amount of phosphated-Smad was assayed by flow cytometry. Statistical analysis of the data was done by ANOVA with SPSS 13.0 software package.RESULTS: Compared with that of the control group, the expression of Smads 2,3,4 was significantly higher in SMG group (P<0.05)in a time-dependent manner. Flow cytometry assay showed increased expression of p-Smads at 30-min, and peak expression was observed at 2h,reaching at 91.32%. The addition of SIS3 led to significant decrease of COL I, ALP, OCN and p-Smads (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Smads signal pathway was enrolled in the osteogenesis of hPDLSCs in simulated microgravity.


PubMed | 306 Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology | Year: 2012

PUPOSE: To investigate the effect of Smads signal pathway on the osteogenesis of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) in simulated microgravity.Human periodontal ligament stem cells were isolated from the ligament of surgically extracted human teeth.Through limiting dilution assay, mono-clone of the cell was obtained, hPDLSCs were isolated from MesenPRO RS medium. Rotary cell culture system (RCCS) was enrolled to set simulated microgravity (SMG). Samples were set to control group (normal gravity group, NG) and simulated microgravity group (SMG). Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of Smads signals and the expression of markers of osteogenesis before and after SIS3. The amount of phosphated-Smad was assayed by flow cytometry. Statistical analysis of the data was done by ANOVA with SPSS 13.0 software package.Compared with that of the control group, the expression of Smads 2,3,4 was significantly higher in SMG group (P<0.05)in a time-dependent manner. Flow cytometry assay showed increased expression of p-Smads at 30-min, and peak expression was observed at 2h,reaching at 91.32%. The addition of SIS3 led to significant decrease of COL I, ALP, OCN and p-Smads (P<0.05).Smads signal pathway was enrolled in the osteogenesis of hPDLSCs in simulated microgravity.

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