303th Hospital of PLA

Nanning, China

303th Hospital of PLA

Nanning, China
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Li H.,Tongji University | Huang Y.,Tongji University | Cheng C.,303th Hospital of PLA | Lin Z.,303th Hospital of PLA | Wu D.,Tongji University
International Journal of Surgery | Year: 2017

Introduction To analyze and confirm the advantages of anterior cervical distraction and screw elevating-pulling reduction which are absent in conventional anterior cervical reduction for traumatic cervical spine fractures and dislocations. Materials and methods A retrospective study was conducted on 86 patients with traumatic cervical spine fractures and dislocations who received one-stage anterior approach treatment for a distraction-flexion injury with bilateral locked facet joints between January 2010 and June 2015. They were 54 males and 32 females with an age ranging from 20 to 73 years (average age, 40.1 ± 5.6 years). These patients were distributed into group A and group B in the sequence of visits, with 44 cases of conventional anterior cervical reduction (group A) and 42 cases of anterior cervical distraction and screw elevating-pulling reduction (group B). Comparison of intraoperative blood loss, operation duration and vertebral reduction rate was made between the two groups. The follow-up time was 12–18 months, and the clinical outcomes of surgery were evaluated according to ASIA score, VAS score and JOA score. Results Statistically significant difference was revealed between group A and group B in the surgical time and the correction rate of cervical spine dislocation (p < 0.05), with the results of group B better than those of group A. For the two groups, statistically significant difference was shown between the ASIA score, VAS score and JOA score before and after operation (p < 0.05), with the results better after operation, while no statistically significant difference was revealed in such scores between the two groups (p > 0.05), with the therapeutic effect of group A the same with that of group B. Conclusions Anterior cervical distraction and screw elevating-pulling reduction is simple with low risk, short operation duration, good effect of intraoperative vertebral reduction and well-recovered function after the operation. Meanwhile, as a safe and effective operation method for cervical spine fractures and dislocations, it can reduce postoperative complications and the risk of the iatrogenic cervical spinal cord injury caused by prying or facet joint springing during conventional reduction, having more obvious advantages compared to the conventional surgical reduction adopted by group A, with good cervical spine stability as shown in long-term follow-up. Therefore, it is suitable for clinical promotion and application. © 2017


Li H.,Tongji University | Yong Z.,Tongji University | Chen Z.,Tongji University | Huang Y.,Tongji University | And 2 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2017

Treatment of cervical fracture and dislocation by improving the anterior cervical technique. Anterior cervical approach has been extensively used in treating cervical spine fractures and dislocations. However, when this approach is used in the treatment of locked facet joints, an unsatisfactory intraoperative reduction and prying reduction increases the risk of secondary spinal cord injury. Thus, herein, the cervical anterior approach was improved. With distractor and screw elevation therapy during surgery, the restoration rate is increased, and secondary injury to the spinal cord is avoided. To discuss the feasibility of the surgical method of treating traumatic cervical spine fractures and dislocations and the clinical application. This retrospective study included the duration of patients' hospitalization from January 2005 to June 2015. The potential risks of surgery (including death and other surgical complications) were explained clearly, and written consents were obtained from all patients before surgery. The study was conducted on 86 patients (54 males and 32 females, average age of 40.1 ± 5.6 years) with traumatic cervical spine fractures and dislocations, who underwent one-stage anterior approach treatment. The effective methods were evaluated by postoperative follow-up. The healing of the surgical incision was monitored in 86 patients. The follow-up duration was 18 to 36 (average 26.4 ± 7.1) months. The patients achieved bones grafted fusion and restored spine stability in 3 to 9 (average 6) months after the surgery. Statistically, significant improvement was observed by Frankel score, visual analog scale score, Japanese Orthopedic Association score, and correction rate of the cervical spine dislocation pre- and postoperative (P < .01). The modified anterior cervical approach is simple with a low risk but a good effect in reduction. In addition, it can reduce the risk of iatrogenic secondary spinal cord injury and maintain optimal cervical spine stability as observed during follow-ups. Therefore, it is suitable for clinical promotion and application. Copyright © 2017 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Nong J.,303th Hospital of PLA | Sun X.-Y.,303th Hospital of PLA | Qin K.,303th Hospital of PLA | Lai Y.-H.,303th Hospital of PLA | And 7 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Some scholars believe that many factors can lead to pathological changes of the lung in the process of brain-death OBJECTIVE: To observe the pathological changes of brain-death donor lung, and to investigate the feasibility of its clinical transplantation. METHODS: Twenty-three cases of brain-death donor lung received pathological biopsy, and hematoxylin-eosin staining, silver staining and PAS staining were used to observe the pathological changes of lung, and the microstructure of lung tissues was observed under electron microscope. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Under the light microscope, bronchial and alveolar structure was complete, and edema, necrosis and defluxion could be observed in part of epithelial cells by hematoxylin-eosin staining, silver staining and PAS staining; alveolar interval was not widened obviously, but hyperemia was visible; small amount of bleeding and scattered lymphocytes could be seen around the vessels. Under the electron microscope, the slightly edema were observed in the brain-death alveolar cells, the cell nuclear chromatin condensed along the caryotheca, some nucleus appeared abnormity, mitochondria were engorgement, but no cell necrosis could be observed. Brain-death donor lung is suitable for clinical transplantation.

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