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Xu Z.-r.,First Affiliated Hospital | Yang Y.-m.,First Affiliated Hospital | Gui Q.-f.,First Affiliated Hospital | Zhang L.-n.,First Affiliated Hospital | Hu L.,302 Military Hospital of China
Protein Expression and Purification | Year: 2010

Lumbrokinase (LK) is an important fibrinolytic enzyme derived from earthworms. It has been found that LK is composed of a group of isoenzymes. To construct and express the mature peptide of LK PI239 in Escherichia coli, we amplified and optimized the gene of LK which was then cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pET-22b(-). The recombinant LK (rLK) protein was expressed as inclusion bodies and we have developed a purification process of rLK from these inclusion bodies. A step-down urea concentration strategy was applied to the rLK renaturation process. The purified and renatured rLK apparently ameliorated the conditions of the model thrombosis rats used, and may be developed into a therapeutic agent for thrombotic-associated diseases. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Li W.,Capital Medical University | Teng G.,302 Military Hospital of China | Tong H.,Wenzhou Medical College | Jiao Y.,Capital Medical University | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background: Epidemics of HFMD are elevated every year globally, especially in mainland China. The disease now presents as an increasing threat to public health worldwide. Methods: Five hundred and seventy-one EV71-infected HFMD patients in Beijing You'an Hospital were grouped by disease severity: Mild (no severe complication) (n = 221), and Severe group (complicated with brainstem encephalitis (BE), and/or pulmonary edema (PE) (n = 350)). Clinical and laboratory findings and levels of 7 serum cytokines were analyzed. Results: Univariate analysis showed that (RR)>26/min (p<0.001), age<4 yo (p = 0.001), GLU>8.3 mmol/L (p = 0.008), CL<98 mmol/L (p = 0.026), and WBC>1.2×109/L (p = 0.040) were associated with severe cases. Results of multivariate analysis indicated five independent risk factors (RR>26/min (p<0.001), Age<4 yo (p<0.001), GLU>8.3 mmol/L (p = 0.011), LYM>40% (p = 0.010), and ALT>40 U/L (p = 0.045)). In addition to single-factor analysis, we further analyzed the use of different combinations of risk factors. "GLU>8.3 and CL<98 and RR>26" (confidence ration (CR) = 100%) is the top indicator, followed by "ALT>40 and LYM>40% and RR>26 and Age<4 yo" (CR = 92.9%). Serum levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IFNγ, GM-CSF, and TNFα were higher in severe cases than in mild cases. A new evaluation scoring system by scoring each risk factor 1 and independent risk factor 2 was developed for early identification of severe HFMD cases. Conclusions: Five independent risk factors, along with indicative combinations of risk factors, for severe cases were identified, and a scoring system was created to facilitate the use of indicators for early medical intervention. © 2014 Li et al.

Song P.,University of Tokyo | Feng X.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhang K.,302 Military Hospital of China | Song T.,Tianjin Medical University | And 5 more authors.
BioScience Trends | Year: 2013

In China, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common cancer in urban areas and first most common in rural areas. It ranks as the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in males and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in females, with the total mortality rate of 26.26 per 100,000. Currently, people with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are a major population at risk of developing HCC in China. In fact, there are 93 million Chinese who are HBV carriers, and about 20 million of them have chronic HBV infection. Several cohort studies have shown that screening high-risk patients with HBV- or HCV-related chronic liver disease may improve the rate of early HCC detection and the rate of curative treatment. However, a government-funded national program to screen for high-risk patients with HBV-related chronic liver disease has yet to be established in China. Although several remarkable advances in HCC management have been made during the past few decades, most patients with HCC still present with advanced-stage disease, thus reducing the chance of curative treatment. Based on firsthand experience in Japan and other countries or areas, this work examined the current status, challenges, and prospects for the future of early detection of HCC in China. Findings suggested the need for a systematic guideline for the standardized management of HCC, a government-funded nationwide screening and surveillance program for high-risk patients with HBV-related chronic liver disease, and extensive use of des-γ-carboxyprothrombin (DCP) as a screening tool in China in order to facilitate the early detection of HCC in China.

Wan Z.,Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center | Ma Y.,Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center | Wu L.,302 Military Hospital of China | Liu F.,Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

With cancer being a major cause of death worldwide, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been investigated as novel and non-invasive biomarkers for cancer diagnosis. Recently, microRNA-21 (miR-21) attracts much attention for its aberrant expression and has been widely studied in various cancers. However, the inconsistent results from studies make it hard to evaluate the diagnostic value of miR-21 in cancer diagnosis, which lead us to conduct this meta-analysis. We conducted a comprehensive literature search in the Medline, Embase, PubMed, CNKI, and Web of Science before July 1, 2014. STATA 12.0 software was used for calculation and statistical analysis. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio (PLR, NLR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) were used to assess the diagnostic performance of miR-21 for cancers. Seventy-three studies in 60 articles were involved in this meta-analysis, with a total of 4684 patients with cancer and 3108 controls. The overall parameters were calculated from all the included studies: sensitivity of 0.78 (95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.74–0.81), specificity of 0.83 (95 % CI 0.80–0.86), PLR of 4.5 (95 % CI 3.8–5.4), NLR of 0.27 (95 % CI 0.23–0.32); DOR of 17 (95 % CI 12–23), and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.88 (95 % CI 0.84–0.90). In addition, we performed subgroup analyses based on ethnicity, cancer types, and sample types. Results from subgroup analysis showed that cancer types and sample types were the sources of heterogeneity in our meta-analysis. The overall diagnostic value of miR-21 is not very high for cancer diagnosis; however, it is affected significantly by the types of cancer and specimen. MiR-21 has a relatively high diagnostic value for detecting breast cancer, and miR-21 assays based on plasma, serum, and tissue achieved relatively higher accuracy. © 2014, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

Qu E.-Z.,Sun Yat Sen University | Zhang Y.-C.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li Z.-Y.,302 Military Hospital of China | Liu Y.,302 Military Hospital of China | Wang J.-R.,Peking University
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine | Year: 2014

Objectives: The clinical utility of contrast-enhanced sonography in portal hypertension remains unclear. We explored the feasibility of using contrast-enhanced sonography for noninvasive assessment of portal venous pressure.Methods: Twenty healthy individuals (control group; 9 men; mean age, 46.4 years) and 18 patients with portal hypertension (15 men; mean age, 46.2 years) were enrolled in this study. The portal hypertension group included patients who underwent splenectomy and pericardial blood vessel disarticulation at our hospital from October 2010 to March 2011. One week before surgery, patients with portal hypertension underwent preoperative liver contrast-enhanced sonography. Two-dimensional, Doppler, and contrast-enhanced sonographic parameters were compared between the groups. Portal venous pressure was measured intraoperatively by portal vein puncture in the portal hypertension group, and its relationship with the other parameters was analyzed.Results: The 2-dimensional, Doppler, and contrast-enhanced sonographic parameters differed between the groups (P < .01). Portal venous pressure was inversely correlated with the area under the portal vein/hepatic artery time-intensity curve ratio (Qp/Qa), portal vein/hepatic artery strength ratio (Ip/Ia), and portal vein/hepatic artery wash-in perfusion slope ratio (βp/βa), with correlation coefficients of -0.701, -0.625, and -0.494, respectively.Conclusions: Measurement of the liver contrast-enhanced sonographic parameters Qp/Qa, Ip/Ia, and βp/βa could be used as a new quantitative method for noninvasively assessing portal venous pressure. © 2014 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

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