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Beijing, China

Yan J.-Y.,Zhengzhou University | Ai G.,Chinese Institute of Aviation Medicine | Ai G.,Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine | Zhang X.-J.,Zhengzhou University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2015

Ethnopharmacology relevance The decoction of the flowers of Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medic was traditionally used for the treatment of jaundice and various types of chronic and acute hepatitis in Anhui and Jiangsu Provinces of China for hundreds of years. Phytochemical studies have indicated that total flavonoids extracted from flowers of A. manihot (L.) Medic (TFA) were the major constituents of the flowers. Our previous studies have investigated the hepatoprotective effects of the TFA against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatocyte damage in vitro and liver injury in vivo. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of TFA on α-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced cholestatic liver injury in rats. Material and methods The hepatoprotective activities of TFA (125, 250 and 500 mg/kg) were investigated on ANIT-induced cholestatic liver injury in rats. The serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were used as indices of hepatic cell damage and measured. Meanwhile, the serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), total bilirubin (TBIL), direct bilirubin (DBIL), and total bile acid (TBA) were used as indices of biliary cell damage and cholestasis and evaluated. Hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione transferase (GST), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and nitric oxide (NO) were measured in the liver homogenates. The bile flow in 4 h was estimated and the histopathology of the liver tissue was evaluated. Furthermore, the expression of transporters, bile salt export pump (BSEP), multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2), and Na+-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) were studied by western blot and reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to elucidate the protective mechanisms of TFA against ANIT-induced cholestasis. Results The oral administration of TFA to ANIT-treated rats could reduce the increases in serum levels of ALT, AST, LDH, ALP, GGT, TBIL, DBIL and TBA. Decreased bile flow by ANIT was restored with TFA treatment. Concurrent administration of TFA reduced the severity of polymorphonuclear neutrophil infiltration and other histological damages, which were consistent with the serological tests. Hepatic MDA and GSH contents in liver tissue were reduced, while SOD and GST activities, which had been suppressed by ANIT, were elevated in the groups pretreated with TFA. With TFA intervention, levels of TNF-α and NO in liver were decreased. Additionally, TFA was found to increase the expression of liver BSEP, MRP2, and NTCP in both protein and mRNA levels in ANIT-induced liver injury with cholestasis. Conclusion TFA exerted protective effects against ANIT-induced liver injury. The possible mechanisms could be related to anti-oxidative damage, anti-inflammation and regulating the expression of hepatic transporters. It layed the foundation for the further research on the mechanisms of cholestasis as well as the therapeutic effects of A. manihot (L.) Medic for the treatment of jaundice. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Gu H.,Xinjiang Medical University | Guo X.,302 hospital of PLA | Zou L.,301 Hospital of PLA | Zhu H.,301 Hospital of PLA | Zhang J.,Xinjiang Medical University
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2013

MicroRNA-372 (miR-372) has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in cellular proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells. However, its effects in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of miR-372 in human HCC. Quantitative RT-PCR was performed to detect miR-372 expression in HCC clinical samples and cell lines. Then, Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional regression analyses were performed to determine the association of miR-372 expression with survival of HCC patients. Moreover, the effects of miR-372 on tumorigenicity of HCC cell lines were evaluated by in vitro assays. miR-372 expression in HCC tissues was significantly higher than in the corresponding normal adjacent liver tissues (P < 0.001). There was a correlation between miR-372 upregulation and advanced TNM stage of HCC patients (P = 0.02). In addition, HCC patients with higher miR-372 expression had significantly poorer recurrence-free survival (P = 0.006) and overall survival (P = 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that high miR-372 expression was an independent predictor of poor prognosis (for recurrence-free survival: Hazard Ratio [HR] 6.826, P = 0.01; for overall survival: HR 9.533, P = 0.008). Moreover, in vitro assays demonstrated that the ectopic expression of miR-372 may significantly promote the cellular proliferation, invasion, and migration of HCC cell lines. Our findings showed that miR-372 may serve as a potent prognostic marker for tumor recurrence and survival of HCC patients. Furthermore, miR-372 has been identified as a promoter for tumorigenicity of HCC cells, suggesting that it might be a prospective therapeutic target for HCC. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Zhu S.S.,302 hospital of PLA
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010

To investigate the efficacy and safety of ademetionine for treatment of cholestatic or mixed-type drug-induced liver disease (DILD) in children. The children with DILD were divided into the treated group and control group. Yinzhihuang Granule was orally administered and Compound Glycyrrhizin Injection intravenously given in patients of both groups. Those patients in the treated group were additionally treated with intravenous infusion of 250-1000 mg ademetionine for 28 d. The incidence of pruritus and adverse effects as well as biochemical parameters in all the patients and compared between the 2 groups. For statistical analysis, Chi2 test was used for between-group comparison and t test for processing the data. 1) Before treatment, severe pruritus was found in 17 and 16 children in the treated and control group, respectively. Two weeks after the treatment, the symptom was significantly relieved in 14 and 3 patients in the treated and control group, respectively (Chi2 = 4.52, P < 0.05). 2) As for comparisons between the 2 groups, a P value of 0.0014 for AST level was found 4 weeks, 0.045 and 0.007 for disappearance and recovery rate of jaundice, 0.0014 and 0.0006 for decrease in TBA level and 0.0003 for gammaGT level 2 and 4 weeks after the treatment. Intravenous administration of ademetionine is safe in children with DILD and it can effectively alleviate pruritus, promote the recovery of various biochemical parameters and fasten liver functional recovery in these children. Therefore, ademetionine can be widely used for treatment of intrahepatic cholestasis in children. Source

Guo X.D.,302 hospital of PLA
Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology | Year: 2011

To investigate the value of Brn-3a immunocytochemistry of liquid-based ThinPrep cytology test(TCT) in early diagnosis of cervical process. Patients(192) were investigated in the present study. TCT was used in all the patients. Immunohistochemistry was per-formed to examine the expressions of Brn-3a. The pathological results were used as the gold standard to evaluate the results of TCT method and Brn-3a in combination with LCT. Compared with the pathological results, the accuracies of TCT method were 76.9% (30/39) , 80.5% (33/41)and 96.8% (30/31) in LSIL, HSIL, SCC respectively. The accuracies of Brn-3a in combination with TCT were 76. 9%(30/39), 78.6%(33/42) and 97.1% (30/31) in LSIL, HSIL and SCC respectively. The difference was significant in the diagnosis of LSIL and HSIL (P <0.05). The detection of Brn-3a is of important clinic value in early diagnosis of cervical process. Source

Chen W.W.,302 hospital of PLA
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010

To investigate the characters and changes of peripheral white blood cells and lymphocyte subsets of patients with pandemic influenza A virus (H1N1) infection and to provide evidences for diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of influenza A (H1N1) infection. Peripheral white blood cell parameters and the percentages of lymphocyte subsets in acute and recovery phases of 59 cases of influenza A virus (H1N1) infectious patients (42 mild cases and 17 severe cases) were investigated and analyzed, and compared respectively with those of 43 cases of healthy adults as control (HC) and 24 cases of general influenza A virus (no-H1N1) infectious using whole blood cell analysis and flow cytometry. Peripheral white blood cell counts of mild cases decreased greatly but those of severe cases did not decrease significantly; the neutrophils of severe cases increased significantly in acute phase; similar to general influenza A virus (no-H1N1) infectious, the peripheral lymphocytes, CD3, CD4, CD8 and B cells of all patients with influenza A virus (H1N1) infection decreased greatly in acute phase and quickly recovered in recovery phase; NK and NKT cells absolute counts of severe cases decreased significantly in acute phase, and the decreasing extent of which were more than 20%. There were similar characteristics of change in peripheral white blood cells and lymphocyte subsets between patients with pandemic influenza A virus (H1N1) infection and general pandemic A virus (No-H1N1); the great decrease of NK and NKT cells absolute counts may suggest the severe tendency of diseases. Source

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