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Zhao Y.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Wang J.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Sun X.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Sun X.,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 9 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2014

As a widely used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata (Fuzi) is not only efficacious but also poisonous. Its toxicity and processed products should be taken into account and effectively evaluated. In this study, a non-invasive and non-destructive microcalorimetric method was employed to evaluate and compare the toxicity of Fuzi and its three processed products including Yanfupian, Heifupian, and Danfupian on Escherichia coli (E. coli). Some important metabolic information, such as the power-time curves and some quantitative thermokinetic parameters including growth rate constant k, heat output power P, inhibitory ratio I, and half inhibitory concentration IC50, of E. coli growth affected by various concentrations of Fuzi and its processed products were obtained. Combined with chemometric techniques including multivariate analysis of variance and principal component analysis on this information, it could be seen that Fuzi and its processed products could be distinguished according to their toxic effects on E. coli. The IC50 values of 14.6 mg/mL for Fuzi, 59.2 mg/mL for Yanfupian, 118.3 mg/mL for Heifupian, and 182.7 mg/mL for Danfupian illustrated that the sequence of toxicity on E. coli was Fuzi > Yanfupian > Heifupian > Danfupian. This study provided a useful method and idea of the combination of microcalorimetry and chemometrics for studying the toxic effects of TCMs and other substances. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source


Liu S.,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Liu S.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Zhao Y.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Zeng N.,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry | Year: 2014

The anti-Escherichia coli activities of four extracts in leaves of Dracontomelon dao, a traditional folk herb in China were investigated and compared by microcalorimetry. The four extracts are PE fraction, CHCl 3 fraction, EtOAc fraction, and n-BuOH fraction. The heat flow power-time (HFP-time) curves of E. coli growth in the presence of the four extracts were measured using an ampoule method. Then the nine thermal kinetic parameters were obtained from the curves. From the result of principal component analysis, it can be seen that parameters k 1, k 2, P 1, and Q p2 might be the main parameters in evaluating the anti-E. coli effects. In the presence of CHCl3 fraction, EtOAc fraction, and n-BuOH fraction, k 2, Q p2 of E. coli decreased with increasing concentrations of the extracts. The EtOAc fraction was observed to have the strongest anti-bacterial activity with half-inhibitory concentration IC50 of 98.5 μg mL-1. So, it can be concluded that EtOAc fraction can be further developed as anti-bacterial bioactive fraction of leaves of Dracontomelon dao. © 2013 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary. Source

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