Cholesterol is associated with the presence of a lipid core in carotid plaque of asymptomatic, young-to-middle-aged African Americans with and without HIV infection and cocaine use residing in inner-city Baltimore, Md., USA
Du J.,301 Hospital |
Malhotra S.,Indiana University
Cerebrovascular Diseases | Year: 2012
Background: Stroke remains a leading cause of death in the United States. While stroke-related mortality in the USA has declined over the past decades, stroke death rates are still higher for blacks than for whites, even at younger ages. The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of a lipid core and explore risk factors for its presence in asymptomatic, young-to-middle-aged urban African American adults recruited from inner-city Baltimore, Md., USA. Methods: Between August 28, 2003, and May 26, 2005, 198 African American participants aged 30-44 years from inner-city Baltimore, Md., were enrolled in an observational study of subclinical atherosclerosis related to HIV and cocaine use. In addition to clinical examinations and laboratory tests, B-mode ultrasound for intima-media thickness of the internal carotid arteries was performed. Among these 198, 52 were selected from the top 30th percentile of maximum carotid intima-media thickness by ultrasound, and high-resolution black blood MRI images were acquired through their carotid plaque before and after the intravenous administration of gadodiamide. Of these 52, 37 with maximum segmental thickness by MRI >1.0 mm were included in this study. Lumen and outer wall contours were defined using semiautomated analysis software. The frequency of a lipid core in carotid plaque was estimated and risk factors for lipid core presence were explored using logistic regression analysis. Results: Of the 37 participants in this study, 12 (32.4%) were women. The mean age was 38.7 ± 4.9 years. A lipid core was present in 9 (17%) of the plaques. Seventy percent of the study participants had a history of cigarette smoking. The mean total cholesterol level was 176.1 ± 37.3 mg/dl, the mean systolic blood pressure was 113.1 ± 13.3 mm Hg, and the mean diastolic blood pressure was 78.9 ± 9.5 mm Hg. There were 5 participants with hypertension (13.5%). Twelve (32%) participants had a history of chronic cocaine use, and 23 (62%) were HIV positive. Among the factors investigated, including age, sex, blood pressure, cigarette smoking, C-reactive protein, fasting glucose, triglycerides, serum total cholesterol, coronary calcium, cocaine use, and HIV infection, only total cholesterol was significantly associated with the presence of a lipid core. Conclusions: This study revealed an unexpectedly high rate of the presence of lipid core in carotid plaque and highlights the importance of cholesterol lowering to prevent cerebrovascular disease in this population. Further population-based studies are warranted to confirm these results. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
News Article | November 29, 2016
SHANGHAI, China and CUPERTINO, Calif., Nov. 29, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Cellular Biomedicine Group Inc. (NASDAQ:CBMG) (“CBMG” or the “Company”), a clinical-stage biomedicine firm engaged in the development of effective immunotherapies for cancer and stem cell therapies for degenerative diseases, is pleased to announce the approval and commencement of patient enrollment in China for its CARD-1 (“CAR-T Against DLBCL”) Phase I clinical trial utilizing its optimized proprietary C-CAR011 construct of CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy for the treatment of patients with refractory Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL). The CARD-1 trial has begun enrollment with final data expected to be available in the second half of 2017. Based on the CARD-1 results, CBMG expects to initiate a larger Phase II clinical trial as soon as practicable. “Our CARD-1 trial represents the first CBMG-sponsored clinical trial after CBMG’s acquisition of its CAR-T technology and data from the PLA General Hospital (PLAGH, also known as 301 Hospital) in Beijing. We are proud of this major corporate milestone where CBMG has taken existing technology and improved it with proprietary optimization and initiated new clinical trials in China,” said Tony (Bizuo) Liu, Chief Executive Officer of CBMG. “We believe we are one of the very few companies that uniquely possesses internal viral vector production and transduction capabilities within our own integrated GMP facility. This allows CBMG to move quickly and efficiently from R&D to manufacturing CAR-T cells for clinical use.” According to a recent large, multi-cohort dataset analysis, patients with refractory DLBCL have clinical response rates of only 20%-30% with a median overall survival of approximately six months. These poor refractory DLBCL patient outcomes represent a significant unmet medical need. CBMG’s CARD-1 Phase I dose-escalation trial will use the traditional 3x3 design to evaluate the safety, efficacy and persistence of C-CAR011 in refractory DLBCL patients. “DLBCL is the largest subtype of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL), and those refractory patients whose treatment has failed have limited options and a very poor prognosis compared to relapsed patients who had previously responded to treatment,” said Dr. Jianyong Li from Jiangsu Provincial People’s Hospital in Nanjing China, the Principal Investigator for the CARD-1 trial. “I am excited to be able to participate in the trial of C-CAR011 which may someday provide a treatment option for these refractory patients.” “We are very excited as CARD-1 represents the first of a planned series of clinical trials utilizing CBMG’s optimized CAR-T drug candidates,” said Dr. Yihong Yao, Chief Scientific Officer of CBMG. “We look forward to announcing additional trials and CAR-T candidates in the future.” About the CARD-1 Clinical Trial CARD-1 is a Phase I single-site, single-arm dose-escalating trial consisting of three patient cohorts using escalating C-CAR011 cell dosing levels with three patients in each cohort. The primary end points are Dose-Limiting Toxicity (DLT) and Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE). Secondary endpoints will measure Overall Response Rate (Complete plus Partial Responses) at 4 weeks and 12 weeks and Disease Control Rate (Complete plus Partial Responses plus Stable Disease) at 12 weeks according to the International Working Group (IWG) revised criteria. The trial summary is registered with clinicaltrials.gov under the number NCT02976857. The trial will be conducted by Dr. Jianyong Li at the Jiangsu Provincial People’s Hospital in Nanjing China. The Jiangsu Provincial People’s Hospital (also known as the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Clinical Medicine Research Institute and the Red Cross Hospital of Jiangsu) was founded in 1936 and performs medical treatment, provides education, and conducts advanced research. The hospital has 3,000 beds and over 4,000 employees with total floor space of 3 million square feet covering 50 acres. The Department of Clinical Medicine of Nanjing Medical University is located inside the hospital, offering clinical medicine doctoral degree and postdoctoral research programs, with 45 teaching and research sections and more than 200 professors. The hospital maintains cooperative relationships with other research hospitals and laboratories in countries such as the US, Japan, Canada, Australia and Italy. About C-CAR011 CBMG’s proprietary anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) construct represents advancement over CBMG’s prior CBM-C19.1 construct. C-CAR011 is entirely engineered and manufactured in CBMG’s own GMP manufacturing facility in China. About Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common form of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) with DLBCL representing approximately 30% of newly diagnosed NHL cases in the United States and an even higher percentage of newly diagnosed NHL cases in China. DLBCL is an aggressive form of lymphoma that advances quickly and occurs in both men and women although slightly more common in men. The incidence of DLBCL increases with age with most patients over the age of 60. The current treatment options include chemotherapy, anti-CD20 targeted therapy, radiation and stem cell transplantation. However, for patients with refractory DLBCL (failed to respond to treatment) the poor clinical response rates of 20%-30% with median overall survival of approximately 6 months represents a significant unmet medical need. About Cellular Biomedicine Group (CBMG) Cellular Biomedicine Group, Inc. develops proprietary cell therapies for the treatment of cancer and degenerative diseases. Our immuno-oncology and stem cell projects are the result of research and development by CBMG’s scientists and clinicians from both China and the United States. Our GMP facilities in China, consisting of twelve independent cell production lines, are designed and managed according to both China and U.S. GMP standards. To learn more about CBMG, please visit: www.cellbiomedgroup.com Forward-Looking Statements Statements in this press release relating to plans, strategies, trends, specific activities or investments, and other statements that are not descriptions of historical facts may be forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking information is inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, and actual results could differ materially from those currently anticipated due to a number of factors, which include risks inherent in doing business, trends affecting the global economy, including the devaluation of the RMB by China in August 2015 and other risks detailed from time to time in CBMG’s reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, quarterly reports on form 10-Q, current reports on form 8-K and annual reports on form 10-K. Forward-looking statements may be identified by terms such as "may," "will," "expects," "plans," "intends," "estimates," "potential," or "continue," or similar terms or the negative of these terms. Although CBMG believes the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, they cannot guarantee that future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements will be obtained. CBMG does not have any obligation to update these forward-looking statements other than as required by law.
PubMed | 301 Hospital and Shanghai JiaoTong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology | Year: 2016
To explore the effect of cryptotanshinone (CTS) on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in U2OS osteosarcoma cells, with a focus on angiogenesis.U2OS osteosarcoma cells cultured in vitro were divided into (20, 40, 80, 160) mol/L CTS treated groups and control group. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to detect the expression of VEGF mRNA in U2OS osteosarcoma cells. The VEGF protein level was determined using Western blotting and immunofluorescence cytochemistry. Cell proliferation ability was detected by CCK-8 assay. The tube formation assay in vitro was used to observe the angiogenesis ability.CTS inhibited the levels of VEGF mRNA and protein in a dose-dependent manner in U2OS osteosarcoma cells obviously. CCK-8 assay indicated that CTS inhibited the proliferation of U2OS osteosarcoma cells. The tube formation assay in vitro revealed that CTS inhibited the angiogenesis ability.CTS could down-regulate the expression of VEGF and inhibit angiogenesis in U2OS osteosarcoma cells.
News Article | February 16, 2017
OMER, ISRAEL--(Marketwired - Feb 16, 2017) - Medigus Ltd. ( : MDGS) ( : MDGS), a medical device company developing minimally invasive endosurgical tools and a leader in direct visualization technology, today announced that the China Food and Drug Administration, or CFDA, has approved the commencement of the first multi-center MUSE™ Clinical Study in China. Approval to start the multi-center MUSE™ clinical study was received after the CFDA reviewed the ethics committees' approval and agreements were in place with each center. Under Principal Investigator, Yunsheng Yang, Director of Gastroenterology Department Clinical center at 301 Hospital and chairman of Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, The General Hospital of People's Liberation Army in Beijing, the clinical study of approximately 62 patients, will take place at 5 centers across China: Procedures are expected to start in March and carry on through 2017, with results being reported to the CFDA in 2018 as part of the submission for clearance to sell MUSE™ in China. "With the approval of the clinical study, we are now a step closer to the first-in-man MUSE™ procedure in China," said Chris Rowland, CEO of Medigus. "We will continue to work closely with our partners to expand the use of MUSE worldwide." As Medigus works to obtain CFDA approval for MUSE™, the company is in progressive negotiations pertaining to an addendum to its current agreement with Shanghai Golden-Grand Medical Instruments Co. Ltd., or Golden, under which Medigus intends to provide Golden an aggregate sum of US$175,000 to be used in financing of the efforts. Golden is a Chinese company specializing in the distribution of medical devices in the gastroenterology field, which was appointed as a sub-distributor by Sinopharm (China National Pharmaceutical Group Corporation) - Medigus' exclusive distributor of MUSETM in China. In regards to the agreement addendum, the amount is expected to be transferred to Golden in two tranches. The anticipated timeline is as follows, the first tranche, in the amount of US$ 100,000, transferred to Golden within ten workdays from signing the addendum and the remaining US$ 75,000 be transferred to Golden within ten workdays from the date of completion of the first human procedure using the MUSE™. The MUSE system is a single-use flexible transoral stapler that merges the latest advancements in microvisual, ultrasonic and surgical stapling. The device comes equipped with an ultrasonic sight and range finder and a micro ScoutCam™ CMOS camera, which enables a single physician to perform an incisionless transoral fundoplication -- the procedure intended to treat the anatomical cause of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). For more information about the clinical study or to determine if you are eligible for the trial, patients can directly contact participating medical centers. About Medigus Medigus is a medical device company specializing in developing minimally invasive endosurgical tools and highly innovative imaging solutions. They are the pioneer developer of the MUSE™ system, an FDA cleared and CE marked endoscopic device to perform Transoral Fundoplication (TF) for the treatment of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), one of the most common chronic conditions in the world. In 2016, the CMS established the Category I CPT® Code of 43210 for TF procedures, such as the ones performed with MUSE, which establishes reimbursement values for physicians and hospitals. MUSE is gaining adoption in key markets around the world -- it is available in world-leading healthcare institutions in the U.S., Europe and Israel. Medigus is also in the process of obtaining regulatory clearance in China. Medigus is traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market and the TASE (Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange). To learn more about the company's advanced technology, please visit www.medigus.com or www.RefluxHelp.com. This press release may contain statements that are "Forward-Looking Statements," which are based upon the current estimates, assumptions and expectations of the company's management and its knowledge of the relevant market. The company has tried, where possible, to identify such information and statements by using words such as "anticipate," "believe," "envision," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "plan," "predict," "project," "target," "potential," "will," "would," "could," "should," "continue," "contemplate" and other similar expressions and derivations thereof in connection with any discussion of future events, trends or prospects or future operating or financial performance, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. These forward-looking statements represent Medigus' expectations or beliefs concerning future events, and it is possible that the results described in this news release will not be achieved. By their nature, Forward-Looking Statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause future results of the company's activity to differ significantly from the content and implications of such statements. Other risk factors affecting the company are discussed in detail in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Forward-Looking Statements are pertinent only as of the date on which they are made, and the company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any Forward-Looking Statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise. Neither the company nor its shareholders, officers and employees, shall be liable for any action and the results of any action taken by any person based on the information contained herein, including without limitation the purchase or sale of company securities. Nothing in this press release should be deemed to be medical or other advice of any kind.
Li H.,Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology |
Zhang Z.-S.,307 Hospital |
Liu W.,Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology |
Yang W.-Z.,307 Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
Cerebrovascular Diseases | Year: 2010
Background: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an uncommon cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid arteries and their proximal branches. The important role of genetic factors in the etiology and pathogenesis of MMD is being increasingly recognized. The study was designed to examine the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP) genes with MMD occurrence. Methods: A case-control study was performed. Five functional promoter polymorphisms in the MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9 and MMP-13 genes and a potentially functional promoter polymorphism in the TIMP-2 gene were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Their associations with MMD were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Results: In total, 208 definite patients with MMD (including 31 familial MMD, FMMD, patients) and 224 healthy subjects were recruited. The frequency of the MMP-3 5A/6A and 5A/5A genotypes was significantly lower in MMD patients (OR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.38-0.86, pcorr = 0.042) compared with healthy controls in a dominant genetic model. Significant differences of the MMP-3 5A/6A polymorphism were also detected between FMMD patients and controls both in the dominant genetic model (OR = 0.23, 95% CI 0.08-0.68, p corr = 0.048) and the additive genetic model (OR = 0.24, 95% CI 0.08-0.69, pcorr = 0.048). Conclusion: The functional polymorphism in the MMP-3 promoter might be associated with susceptibility to both MMD and FMMD in the Chinese Han population. The findings need to be validated in further studies including more subjects from different populations. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Wang X.,Creighton University |
Yang S.,301 Hospital |
Jia S.,Creighton University |
He D.Z.Z.,Creighton University
Brain Research | Year: 2010
Prestin is the motor protein of cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs) with the unique capability of performing direct, rapid, and reciprocal electromechanical conversion. Prestin consists of 744 amino acids with a molecular mass of ∼ 81.4 kDa. The predicted membrane topology and molecular mass of a single prestin molecule appear inadequate to account for the size of intramembrane particles (IMPs) expressed in the OHC membrane. Although recent biochemical evidence suggests that prestin forms homo-oligomers, most likely as a tetramer, the oligomeric structure of prestin in OHCs remains unclear. We obtained the charge density of prestin in the gerbil OHCs by measuring their nonlinear capacitance (NLC). The average charge density (22,608 μm-2) measured was four times the average IMP density (5686 μm-2) reported in the freeze-fracture study. This suggests that each IMP contains four prestin molecules, based on the general notion that each prestin transfers a single elementary charge. We subsequently compared the voltage dependency and the values of slope factor of NLC and somatic motility simultaneously measured from the same OHCs to determine whether NLC and motility are fully coupled and how prestin subunits function within the tetramer. We showed that the voltage dependency and slope factors of NLC and motility were not statistically different, suggesting that NLC and motility are fully coupled. The fact that the slope factor is the same between NLC and motility suggests that each prestin monomer in the tetramer is in parallel, each interacting independently with cytoplasmic or other partners to facilitate the mechanical response. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Wu J.,CAS Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular |
Wu J.,Xiangtan University |
Liang S.,CAS Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular |
Dai H.,CAS Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular |
And 7 more authors.
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2010
High-strength cellulose/chitin blended hydrogel membranes were fabricated via a solution pre-gelation method. The morphology and structure of the resultant membranes were investigated by SEM, WXRD and FTIR. The mechanical properties and permeability of the membranes were determined by tensile test and in situ UV-visible spectrophotometry. Instead of the loose mesh-like structure and high crystallinity of the common membranes, remarkably dense aggregation structure and low crystallinity of the novel cellulose/chitin membranes were successfully created through the solution pre-gelation process. It effectively promoted the mechanical performance of the hydrogel membranes. Moreover, the structure and properties of the membranes closely depended on the chitin content and pre-gelation temperature. Dynamic rheology studies revealed the gelation-dynamics of the mixed solution accelerated and decelerated with chitin content. ATR-FTIR results indicated nonsolvent-induced phase-separation was the main mechanism for the formation of such membranes with special structure and improved performance. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Li B.-H.,Seoul National University |
Li B.-H.,301 Hospital |
Jung H.J.,Konkuk University |
Choi S.-W.,National Cancer Center |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2012
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to consider the indications and evaluate the clinical advantages and disadvantages including, results and complications, of immediate reconstruction using a latissimus dorsi (LD) free flap and reconstruction plate (R-plate) in advanced oro-mandibular tumour resection. Methods and materials: Our cohort included 116 patients who underwent LD free flap and R-plate reconstruction. Flap survival, postoperative function, donor/recipient site complication and aesthetics were evaluated. Results: Our series demonstrated a 99.1% flap survival rate. One case required a contralateral LD free flap reconstruction after the initial flap failed due to pedicle kinking. Twelve patients needed the plate to be removed and replaced (n = 4, plate fracture; n = 2, plate exposure) or definite reconstruction with free fibular flap and implant installation. Donor site complications included seroma accumulation, scarring, and discomfort of the shoulder girdle. The size of the skin paddle ranged from 6 × 10 cm to 12 × 18 cm (12 were double paddled).The facial contour was acceptable without sagging of the flap. The flap was tolerant to irradiation and was resistant to the exposure of the plate at the symphyseal arch. Conclusion: Our series of primary reconstruction with LD free flaps and R-plates showed the retention of mandibular function and the reconstruction of considerably large soft tissue can be achieved successfully. This reconstruction scheme can be indicated for large-volume defects in the oro-mandibular area when the area cannot be covered by a single osteocutaneous free flap, has undergone extensive oncologic resection for advanced or high recurrence rate malignancy and when immediate postoperative chemotherapy and/or irradiation is necessary. © 2011 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery.
Luo C.H.,Cleveland Clinic |
Luo C.H.,Beijing Shijitan Hospital |
Wexner S.D.,Cleveland Clinic |
Liu Q.S.,301 Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Colorectal Disease | Year: 2011
Aim: The effect of race on Crohn's disease (CD) remains uncertain. This study compared the characteristics of American white patients and Chinese patients with CD. Method: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients who required management of colorectal CD between 1985 and 2004 at either Cleveland Clinic Florida (CCF) or at the 301 Hospital in China. Data included a family history of CD, smoking history, location of the CD and histopathology. Results The mean age of onset in the 153 patients was 29.8±16.4years for American white patients and 32.4±15.3years for Chinese patients (not significant). Sixty per cent of American white patients were women vs 37% of Chinese patients (P=0.003). Twelve per cent of American white patients vs 1% of Chinese patients had a family history of CD (P=0.016). American white patients had significantly higher rates of arthritis (32%vs 4%), abscess (19%vs 0%), rectal and perineal fistula (52%vs 0%), and disease involving the colon and rectum when compared with Chinese patients (all P<0.05). American white patients had more colorectal sites involved and higher rates of extraintestinal diseases (40%vs 20%) than Chinese patients (all P<0.05). Chinese patients had higher rates of ileocaecal disease (82%vs 52%) and deep ulcers (66%vs 24%) in the colorectum (all P<0.001). There were no statistical differences in the incidence of smoking, perforation, intra-abdominal fistula, stenosis, bowel obstruction, toxic megacolon or granuloma formation. Conclusion This study found that colorectal CD had a more severe clinical presentation and pathological involvement in American white patients than in Chinese patients. © 2011 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2011 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
PubMed | 301 Hospital
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: HPB : the official journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association | Year: 2015
Carolis disease (CD) is a rare congenital disorder. The early diagnosis of the disease and differentiation of types I and II are of extreme importance to patient survival. This study was designed to review and discuss observations in 30 patients with CD and to clarify the clinical characteristics of the disease.The demographic and clinical features, laboratory indicators, imaging findings and pathology results for 30 patients with CD were reviewed retrospectively.Carolis disease can occur at any age. The average age of onset in the study cohort was 24years. Patients who presented with symptoms before the age of 40years were more likely to develop type II CD. Approximately one-third of patients presented without positive signs at original diagnosis and most of these patients were found to have type I CD on pathology. Anaemia, leucopoenia and thrombocytopoenia were more frequent in patients with type II than type I CD. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and computed tomography (CT) examinations were most useful in diagnosing CD.No typical symptoms, signs or laboratory indicators are able to distinguish CD from other conditions. Both MRCP and CT were most valuable in diagnosis. The two types of CD may be differentiated by age of onset and routine blood tests.