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Toshima-ku, Japan

Ajello M.,Clemson University | Albert A.,Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology | Anderson B.,Albanova University Center | Anderson B.,The Oskar Klein Center | And 134 more authors.
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2016

We report on the search for spectral irregularities induced by oscillations between photons and axionlike-particles (ALPs) in the γ-ray spectrum of NGC 1275, the central galaxy of the Perseus cluster. Using 6 years of Fermi Large Area Telescope data, we find no evidence for ALPs and exclude couplings above 5×10-12 GeV-1 for ALP masses 0.5ma5 neV at 95% confidence. The limits are competitive with the sensitivity of planned laboratory experiments, and, together with other bounds, strongly constrain the possibility that ALPs can reduce the γ-ray opacity of the Universe. © 2016 American Physical Society. Source


Ackermann M.,German Electron Synchrotron | Anantua R.,Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology | Asano K.,University of Tokyo | Baldini L.,Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology | And 136 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal Letters | Year: 2016

On 2015 June 16, Fermi-LAT observed a giant outburst from the flat spectrum radio quasar 3C 279 with a peak >100 MeV flux of ∼3.6 10-5 photons cm-2 s-1, averaged over orbital period intervals. It is historically the highest γ-ray flux observed from the source, including past EGRET observations, with the γ-ray isotropic luminosity reaching ∼1049 erg s-1. During the outburst, the Fermi spacecraft, which has an orbital period of 95.4 minutes, was operated in a special pointing mode to optimize the exposure for 3C 279. For the first time, significant flux variability at sub-orbital timescales was found in blazar observations by Fermi-LAT. The source flux variability was resolved down to 2-minute binned timescales, with flux doubling times of less than 5 minutes. The observed minute-scale variability suggests a very compact emission region at hundreds of Schwarzschild radii from the central engine in conical jet models. A minimum bulk jet Lorentz factor (Γ) of 35 is necessary to avoid both internal γ-ray absorption and super-Eddington jet power. In the standard external radiation Comptonization scenario, Γ should be at least 50 to avoid overproducing the synchrotron self-Compton component. However, this predicts extremely low magnetization (∼5 10-4). Equipartition requires Γ as high as 120, unless the emitting region is a small fraction of the dissipation region. Alternatively, we consider γ rays originating as synchrotron radiation of γ e ∼ 1.6 106 electrons, in a magnetic field B ∼ 1.3 kG, accelerated by strong electric fields E ∼ B in the process of magnetoluminescence. At such short distance scales, one cannot immediately exclude the production of γ-rays in hadronic processes. © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.. Source


Ackermann M.,German Electron Synchrotron | Ajello M.,Clemson University | Albert A.,Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology | Anderson B.,Albanova University Center | And 212 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal Letters | Year: 2016

The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) has an instantaneous field of view (FoV) covering of the sky and it completes a survey of the entire sky in high-energy gamma-rays every 3 hr. It enables searches for transient phenomena over timescales from milliseconds to years. Among these phenomena could be electromagnetic counterparts to gravitational wave (GW) sources. In this paper, we present a detailed study of the LAT observations relevant to Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) event GW150914, which is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and has been interpreted as being due to the coalescence of two stellar-mass black holes. The localization region for GW150914 was outside the LAT FoV at the time of the GW signal. However, as part of routine survey observations, the LAT observed the entire LIGO localization region within ∼70 minutes of the trigger and thus enabled a comprehensive search for a γ-ray counterpart to GW150914. The study of the LAT data presented here did not find any potential counterparts to GW150914, but it did provide limits on the presence of a transient counterpart above 100 MeV on timescales of hours to days over the entire GW150914 localization region. © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.. Source


Ajello M.,Clemson University | Baldini L.,University of Pisa | Baldini L.,Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology | Barbiellini G.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy | And 141 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2016

RCW 86 is a young supernova remnant (SNR) showing a shell-type structure at several wavelengths and is thought to be an efficient cosmic-ray (CR) accelerator. Earlier Fermi Large Area Telescope results reported the detection of γ-ray emission coincident with the position of RCW 86 but its origin (leptonic or hadronic) remained unclear due to the poor statistics. Thanks to 6.5 years of data acquired by the Fermi-LAT and the new event reconstruction Pass 8, we report the significant detection of spatially extended emission coming from RCW 86. The spectrum is described by a power-law function with a very hard photon index in the 0.1-500 GeV range and an energy flux above 100 MeV of erg cm-2 s-1. Gathering all the available multiwavelength (MWL) data, we perform a broadband modeling of the nonthermal emission of RCW 86 to constrain parameters of the nearby medium and bring new hints about the origin of the γ-ray emission. For the whole SNR, the modeling favors a leptonic scenario in the framework of a two-zone model with an average magnetic field of 10.2 ±0.7 μG and a limit on the maximum energy injected into protons of 2 ×1049 erg for a density of 1 cm-3. In addition, parameter values are derived for the north-east and south-west (SW) regions of RCW 86, providing the first indication of a higher magnetic field in the SW region. © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Source


Ackermann M.,German Electron Synchrotron | Ajello M.,Clemson University | Albert A.,Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology | Atwood W.B.,University of California at Santa Cruz | And 183 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal Letters | Year: 2015

We report for the first time a γ-ray and multiwavelength nearly periodic oscillation in an active galactic nucleus. Using the Fermi Large Area Telescope we have discovered an apparent quasi-periodicity in the γ-ray flux (E > 100 MeV) from the GeV/TeV BL Lac object PG 1553+113. The marginal significance of the 2.18 ± 0.08 year period γ-ray cycle is strengthened by correlated oscillations observed in radio and optical fluxes, through data collected in the Owens Valley Radio Observatory, Tuorla, Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope, and Catalina Sky Survey monitoring programs and Swift-UVOT. The optical cycle appearing in ∼10 years of data has a similar period, while the 15 GHz oscillation is less regular than seen in the other bands. Further long-term multiwavelength monitoring of this blazar may discriminate among the possible explanations for this quasi-periodicity. © 2015. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Source

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