Time filter

Source Type

Napoli, Italy

Mechanical cecorectal anastomosis after subtotal colectomy, in the treatment of slow transit constipation, probably represents the most attractive surgical alternative to total colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis. In fact the operation allows better results in terms of postoperative diarrhoea, fecal incontinence and postoperative adherential syndrome. Literature data have demonstrated the feasibility of the laparoscopic approach with tipically advantages of less invasive surgery respect of parietal integrity,less postoperative pain and ileus, fewer postoperative adhesions, a reduced hospitalitation and finally, a better cosmesis. The Authors report a case of mechanical end to end cecorectal anastomosis after laparo-assisted subtotal colectomy (by four trocars) preserving superior rectal and ilecolic vessels, for the treatment of slow transit constipation in a 20 years old male patient .The reported operative approach which links tipical laparoscopic advantages to a more "safety" and "accurate" extracorporeal mechanical anastomosis. Source

Ceriello A.,Insititut dInvestigacions Biomediques August Pi I Sunyer and CIBERDEM | Novials A.,Insititut dInvestigacions Biomediques August Pi I Sunyer and CIBERDEM | Canivell S.,Insititut dInvestigacions Biomediques August Pi I Sunyer and CIBERDEM | La Sala L.,Insititut dInvestigacions Biomediques August Pi I Sunyer and CIBERDEM | And 6 more authors.
Diabetes Care | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the simultaneous administration of GLP-1 and insulin may increase their vasodilatory, antiinflammatory, and antioxidant action in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In two groups of persons with type 2 diabetes, two sets of experiments were performed. The first group had two normoglycemic-normoinsulinemic clamps with or without GLP-1 and two normoglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamps with or without GLP-1. The second group had two hyperglycemic-normoinsulinemic clamps and two hyperglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamps with or without GLP-1. RESULTS: During the normoglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp, flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) increased, while soluble intercellular adhesionmolecule (sICAM-1), plasma 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α), nitrotyrosine, and interleukin (IL)-6 decreased compared with normoglycemic-normoinsulinemic clamp. Similar results were obtained with the infusion ofGLP-1 during the normoglycemic-normoinsulinemic clamp. The combination of hyperinsulinemia and GLP-1 in normoglycemia was accompanied by a further FMD increase and sICAM-1, 8-iso-PGF2α, nitrotyrosine, and IL-6 decrease. During the hyperglycemic-normoinsulinemic clamp, FMD significantly decreased, while sICAM-1, 8-iso-PGF2α, nitrotyrosine, and IL-6 significantly increased. When hyperglycemia was accompanied by hyperinsulinemia or by the simultaneous infusion of GLP-1, these phenomena were attenuated. The simultaneous presence of hyperinsulinemia and GLP-1 had an increased beneficial effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that the combination of insulin and GLP-1 is more effective than insulin or GLP-1 alone in improving endothelial dysfunction, infl ammation, and oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes. © 2014 by the American Diabetes Association. Source

Cazzola M.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Segreti A.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Matera M.G.,2nd University of Naples
Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine | Year: 2010

Purpose of review: Because of the central role of bronchodilators in the treatment of asthma, in recent years there has been a renewed interest in the field and now once-daily bronchodilators are in development in an attempt to simplify their use. Recent findings: A variety of β2-agonists with long half-lives, also called ultra long-acting β2-agonists (ultra-LABAs; indacaterol, carmoterol, milveterol, GSK-642444, BI-1744-CL, LAS-100977, and PF-00610355) are currently under development with the hopes of achieving once-daily dosing. Between them, indacaterol, GSK-642444, and carmoterol are at a more advanced stage of development. Also several novel inhaled long-acting antimuscarinic agents are currently being developed, but their role in the treatment of asthma is limited. As combination therapy with an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and a LABA is considered the first-line approach for treating patients suffering from asthma, some novel once-daily combinations of LABAs and ICSs are under development. Summary: Bronchodilators are central in the symptomatic management of asthma. It is likely that the once-daily dosing of a bronchodilator would be a significant convenience and probably a compliance-enhancing advantage, leading to improved overall clinical outcomes in patients with asthma. In any case, as a LABA in combination with an ICS continues to be the most effective asthma treatment, once-daily combinations of ultra-LABAs and ICSs will be central in the treatment of asthmatic patients in the next years. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Glaudemans A.W.J.M.,University of Groningen | Maccioni F.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Mansi L.,2nd University of Naples | Dierckx R.A.J.O.,University of Groningen | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2010

Inflammatory bowel diseases are represented by ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, both consisting of a chronic, uncontrolled inflammation of the intestinal mucosa of any part of the gastrointestinal tract with patchy or continuous inflammation. Ileo-colonoscopy is considered the current gold standard imaging technique for the diagnosis. However, as the majority of patients need a long-term follow-up it would be ideal to rely on a non-invasive technique with good compliance. This review focuses on nuclear medicine imaging techniques in Crohn's disease. Different scintigraphic methods of imaging cells involved in the pathogenesis are described. The radiopharmaceuticals can be divided into non-specific radiopharmaceuticals for inflammation and specific radiopharmaceuticals that directly image lymphocytes involved in the process. This non-invasive molecular imaging approach can be useful also because it images the small bowel or other areas - where colonoscopy is not useful - and that it may play a role for constant follow-up, because relapses are frequent. Finally, an update on other imaging modalities, and particularly MRI, in the evaluation of Crohn's disease activity, is provided. Although MRI cannot directly detect inflammatory cells, it has shown a high sensitivity in detecting the macroscopic signs of inflammation at the level of the intestinal wall affected by Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis. The current diagnostic value of MRI in the detection of inflamed bowel segment and in the assessment of CD activity, as well the potentials MR spectroscopy, MR diffusion imaging and MR molecular imaging, is briefly discussed. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

Resmini G.,Center for the Study of Osteoporosis and Metabolic Bone Disease | Tarantino U.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Iolascon G.,2nd University of Naples
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research | Year: 2013

The major role of vitamin D in humans is to increase the absorption of calcium and phosphatase for the mineralization of the skeleton. The synthesis of vitamin D3 in the skin under influence of UV light decreases with aging due to insufficient sunlight exposure, and a decreased functional capacity of the skin. Deficiency in vitamin D causes secondary hyperparathyroidism, high bone turnover, bone loss, mineralization defects, proximal myopathy, falls and hip and other fractures. The goal of therapy of hypovitaminosis D is to restore normal serum and deposits of 25 (OH) D. The daily supplementation of vitamin D indicated is about 800-1,000 IU/day but may increase up to a maximum dose of 2,000 IU/day in conditions of severe vitamin D deficiency with a concomitant reduced or no sun exposure, reduced dietary intake and reduced calcium absorption. © 2013 Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Source

Discover hidden collaborations