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Wu M.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Zhang S.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Dong A.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | He Z.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2010

Background: This study aimed to analyze the long-term results of mitral valve replacement and concomitant Cox-Maze III procedure (CMP) in treating rheumatic heart valve disease and associated permanent atrial fibrillation. Outcomes of CMP using a pure "cut-and-sew" method were assessed. Methods: Between 1995 and 2004, 60 patients received mechanical mitral (or mitral plus aortic) valve replacement and concomitant CMP. Among them, 22 underwent classic CMP that included five localized cryoablations, and 38 received a CMP without using cryoablations. All patients received periodic follow-up and oral anticoagulation therapy. Results: The demographic features of both groups of patients were comparable. A total of 65 mechanic valves were implanted. Operative data and in-hospital outcomes were insignificant except that the immediate sinus conversion rate was higher in the pure cut-and-sew group. At last follow-up, sinus rhythm was 81.1% in the pure cut-and-sew group (median, 112 months) and 72.7% in the classic CMP group (median, 113 months; p = 0.4541). Actuarial freedom from atrial fibrillation was also similar (5 years, 83.8% versus 76.8%; 10 years, 79.1% versus 70.4%; p = 0.6039). In both groups, the late results of left atrium size were significantly reduced, while the proportion of long-term tricuspid regurgitation was still remarkable. Conclusions: Mitral valve replacement and concomitant CMP is effective in treating rheumatic valve disease and permanent atrial fibrillation with satisfactory results. A complete cut-and-sew method is technically practicable, and is as effective as the classic CMP in the long term. © 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.


Zhang N.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Yin Y.,Zhejiang University | Xu S.-J.,Zhejiang University | Wu Y.-P.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Chen W.-S.,2nd Affiliated Hospital
Indian Journal of Medical Research | Year: 2012

Spinal cord injury (SCI) consists of a two-steps process involving a primary mechanical injury followed by an inflammatory process and apoptosis. Secondary insult is characterized by further destruction of neuronal and glial cells, and leads to expansion of the damage, so that the paralysis can extend to higher segments. With the identification of mechanisms that either promote or prevent neuronal inflammation and apoptosis come new approaches for preventing and treating neurodegenerative disorders. From a clinical perspective, this article discusses novel targets for the development of therapeutic agents that have the potential to protect the spinal cord from irreversible damage and promote functional recovery.


Yin Z.,Zhejiang University | Chen X.,Zhejiang University | Chen J.L.,Zhejiang University | Shen W.L.,Zhejiang University | And 4 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2010

Tendon is a specific connective tissue composed of parallel collagen fibers. The effect of this tissue-specific matrix orientation on stem cell differentiation has not been investigated. This study aimed to determine the effects of nanotopography on the differentiation of human tendon stem/progenitor cells (hTSPCs) and develop a biomimetic scaffold for tendon tissue engineering. The immuno-phenotype of fetal hTSPCs was identified by flow cytometry. The multipotency of hTSPCs toward osteogenesis, adipogenesis, and chondrogenesis was confirmed. Then, the hTSPCs were seeded onto aligned or randomly-oriented poly (l-lactic acid) nanofibers. Scanning electron micrographs showed that hTSPCs were spindle-shaped and well orientated on the aligned nanofibers. The expression of tendon-specific genes was significantly higher in hTSPCs growing on aligned nanofibers than those on randomly-oriented nanofibers in both normal and osteogenic media. In addition, alkaline phosphatase activity and alizarin red staining showed that the randomly-oriented fibrous scaffold induced osteogenesis, while the aligned scaffold hindered the process. Moreover, aligned cells expressed significantly higher levels of integrin α1, α5 and β1 subunits, and myosin II B. In in vivo experiments, the aligned nanofibers induced the formation of spindle-shaped cells and tendon-like tissue. In conclusion, the aligned electrospun nanofiber structure provides an instructive microenvironment for hTSPC differentiation and may lead to the development of desirable engineered tendons. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Fan L.,Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine | Li J.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Ni Y.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Wang Y.,2nd Affiliated Hospital
Proceedings - 2014 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, IEEE BIBM 2014 | Year: 2014

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of the treatment of non-organic insomnia due to deficiency of the heart and spleen treated by acupuncture with ear pricking. Methods: 64 inclusive patients were randomly divided into two groups with ratio 1:1, control group treated only by acupuncture, treatment group treated by acupuncture combined with ear pricking. The treatment period was 3 months. Results: 1. When comparing 1 month after and before the treatment, as well as 3 months after and 1 month after the treatment, the PSQI total score and TCM syndrome scale score of the two groups were decreased, showing statistically significant difference (P<0.05); 1 month or 3 months after the treatment, there were statistically significant difference (P<0.05) in the PSQI total score and TCM syndrome scale score between the two group; 2. When comparing 3 months after the treatment and before the treatment, the scores of PF, RP, GH, VT, SF, RE, BP and MH in SF-36 Scale of the two groups were increased, showing statistically significant difference (P<0.05); 3 months after the treatment, the scores of RP, VT and SF of the treatment group were significantly higher than those of the control group, showing statistically significant difference (P<0.05); 3. 3 months after the treatment, the curative effect of the treatment group was better than that of the control group, showing statistically significant difference (P<0.05); as to effective rate, the treatment group was better than the control group, showing statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: Both acupuncture with ear pricking and only acupuncture show therapeutic effects in treating non-organic insomnia due to deficiency of both the heart and spleen, and the former is better than the latter in improving quality of life and clinical effect. © 2014 IEEE.


Huang X.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Su K.,Zhejiang University | Zhou L.,Zhejiang University | Shen G.,Zhejiang University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in bone marrow may enhance tumor metastases through the secretion of chemokines. MSCs have been reported to home toward the hypoxic tumor microenvironment in vivo. In this study, we investigated prostate cancer PC3 cell behavior under the influence of hypoxia preconditioned MSCs and explored the related mechanism of prostate cancer lymphatic metastases in mice. Transwell assays revealed that VEGF-C receptor, VEGFR-3, as well as chemokine CCL21 receptor, CC chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7), were responsible for the migration of PC3 cells toward hypoxia preconditioned MSCs. Knock-in Ccr7 in PC3 cells also improved cell migration in vitro. Furthermore, when PC3 cells were labeled using the hrGfp-lentiviral vector, and were combined with hypoxia preconditioned MSCs for xenografting, it resulted in an enhancement of lymph node metastases accompanied by up-regulation of VEGFR-3 and CCR7 in primary tumors. Both PI3K/Akt/IκBα and JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathways were activated in xenografts in the presence of hypoxia-preconditioned MSCs. Unexpectedly, the p-VEGFR-2/VEGFR-2 ratio was attenuated accompanied by decreased JAK1 expression, indicating a switching-off of potential vascular signal within xenografts in the presence of hypoxia-preconditioned MSCs. Unlike results from other studies, VEGF-C maintained a stable expression in both conditions, which indicated that hypoxia preconditioning of MSCs did not influence VEGF-C secretion. Our results provide the new insights into the functional molecular events and signalings influencing prostate tumor metastases, suggesting a hopeful diagnosis and treatment in new approaches. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Hou S.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Yuan L.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Jin P.,Wenzhou Medical College | Ding B.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling | Year: 2013

Background: Lead is a heavy metal and important environmental toxicant and nerve poison that can destruction many functions of the nervous system. Lead poisoning is a medical condition caused by increased levels of lead in the body. Lead interferes with a variety of body processes and is toxic to many organs and issues, including the central nervous system. It interferes with the development of the nervous system, and is therefore particularly toxic to children, causing potentially permanent neural and cognitive impairments. In this study, we investigated the relationship between lead poisoning and the intellectual and neurobehavioral capabilities of children. Methods. The background characteristics of the research subjects were collected by questionnaire survey. Blood lead levels were detected by differential potentiometric stripping analysis (DPSA). Intelligence was assessed using the Gesell Developmental Scale. The Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used to evaluate each child's behavior. Results: Blood lead levels were significantly negatively correlated with the developmental quotients of adaptive behavior, gross motor performance, fine motor performance, language development, and individual social behavior (P < 0.01). Compared with healthy children, more children with lead poisoning had abnormal behaviors, especially social withdrawal, depression, and atypical body movements, aggressions and destruction. Conclusion: Lead poisoning has adverse effects on the behavior and mental development of 2-4-year-old children, prescribing positive and effective precautionary measures. © 2013 Hou et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Jiang B.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Ruan Z.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Lou H.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Yuan H.,2nd Affiliated Hospital
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2010

A rapid, specific and sensitive liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for determination of cymipristone in human plasma. Mifepristone was used as the internal standard (IS). Plasma samples were deproteinized using methanol. The compounds were separated on a ZORBAX SB C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm i.d., dp 1.8 μm) with gradient elution at a flow-rate of 0.3 ml/min. The mobile phase consisted of 10 mM ammonium acetate and acetonitrile. The detection was performed on a triple-quadruple tandem mass spectrometer by selective reaction monitoring (SRM) mode via electrospray ionization. Target ions were monitored at [M+H]+ m/z 498 → 416 and 430 → 372 in positive electrospray ionization (ESI) mode for cymipristone and IS, respectively. Linearity was established for the range of concentrations 0.5-100 ng/ml with a coefficient correlation (r) of 0.9996. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was identifiable and reproducible at 0.5 ng/ml. The validated method was successfully applied to study the pharmacokinetics of cymipristone in healthy Chinese female subjects. © 2010.


Huang L.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Zhao L.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Chai Y.,2nd Affiliated Hospital
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice | Year: 2014

Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma (EHT) is an extremely rare benign neoplasm. It is usually found at the root of the neck (frequently on the left) and does not usually impact adjacent tissues in clinically significant ways. While EHT manifests distinct pathological features, the lesion is either asymptomatic or may show nonspecific clinical features. We report one case of EHT which was assumed to be of low malignant potential since it severely compressed the inlet of left internal jugular vein as seen by computed tomography scan. To the best of our knowledge, this clinical finding of EHT is very rare. After the diagnosis and treatment of this patient, we believe that EHT or suspected EHT should be treated less invasively.


Wang X.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Sun W.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Xu E.,2nd Affiliated Hospital
Neuropathology | Year: 2010

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme involved in lipid metabolism. Previous studies have shown that the levels of brain LPL mRNA, protein and activity are up-regulated after brain and nerve injury. The aim of this study was to determine the response of expression and activity of brain LPL following acute cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to surgical occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. The expression of brain LPL was assessed by immunohistochemical staining and the enzyme activity of brain LPL was evaluated by colorimetric method. Increase of LPL immunopositive cells in the cerebral cortex around the infarction area was observed at 4, 6, 12 h ischemia, 2 h ischemia 2 h reperfusion, and 4 h ischemia 2 h reperfusion. LPL activity was significantly decreased in the ischemic side cortex at 2 h ischemia, and then significantly increased at 4 and 6 h ischemia. Our results showed that LPL immunopositive cells were increased in the cortex around the infarction area, and activity of LPL first decreased and then increased following acute cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. These results may suggest that LPL plays a potential role in the pathophysiological response of the brain to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. © 2009 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.


Feiyun P.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Wei L.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Jun C.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | Xin X.,2nd Affiliated Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2010

Purpose: The present study evaluated the simultaneous correction of bilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis with mandibular micrognathia using internal distraction osteogenesis (DO) with the help of a 3-dimensional craniomaxillofacial model technique. Materials and Methods: A total of 16 patients (age 18 to 43 years) with bilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis and mandibular micrognathia were included in the present study. Obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome was diagnosed in all patients preoperatively. Three-dimensional craniomaxillofacial models of the 16 patients were constructed using computed tomography and a rapid prototype technique. Simulation surgery and individual internal DO was performed on the models. The treatment included simultaneous DO of the mandibular body and transport DO for temporomandibular joint arthroplasty. The distraction was started on the seventh day after surgery. The distraction rate was 0.8 mm/day. The patients began active mouth opening postoperatively. Distracters were kept in place for 4 months after distraction completion and then removed. Polysomnography, cephalometry, and computed tomography were performed at 6 months postoperatively. Results: The obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome was cured, and the micrognathia was corrected in all patients. The average mouth opening increased from 4.6 mm preoperatively to 33.5 mm postoperatively. The average range of the sella-nasion-supramental angle increased from 68.7° preoperatively to 77.6° postoperatively. Bone formation in the distraction gaps was observed. The follow-up period was 29.7 months (range 6 to 52). No complications or recurrence of temporomandibular joint ankylosis or micrognathia occurred in any patient during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Bilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis accompanied by mandibular micrognathia and obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome can be corrected effectively by simultaneous internal DO. The application of preoperative simulation surgery using 3-dimensional craniomaxillofacial model has many advantages for planning the surgical method and precise operation. Our preliminary results have shown that it is a safe, effective, and feasible technique. © 2010 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.

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