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Ishigaki, Japan

Two new species of Agaricales and a new Japanese record for Chaetocalathus fragilis from Ishigaki Island, a southwestern island of Japan, are fully described and illustrated: (1) Crinipellis (section Grisentinae) rhizomorphica sp. nov. produces brownish orange, fibrillose-squamulose basidiomata accompanied by white thread-like rhizomorphs on the dead twig, olivaceous hairs in KOH, and oblong-ellipsoid, relatively long basidiospores; (2) Chaetocalathus (section Holocystis) fragilis is a new record for Japan, growing on the dead twig; (3) Psilocybe (section Cubensae) capitulata sp. nov. forms a furfuraceous-squamulose pileus, cyanescent flesh, a persistent, membranous annulus, capitulate pilocystidia, and has a coprophilous habit on cow dung. © 2011 The Mycological Society of Japan and Springer.

Takahashi H.,284 1 Ouhama | Taneyama Y.,392 3 Yashikida | Koyama A.,291 2 Otiai
Mycoscience | Year: 2011

Boletus kermesinus, a new species of Boletus section Luridi, is fully described and illustrated based on the materials collected in subalpine coniferous forests of central Honshu, Japan. It has distinctive features of dark-red basidiomata having distinct viscidity in the pileus surface, usually unchanging flesh, discolorous red pores, and an entirely reticulate stipe becoming coarsely lacerate-rimose with age. © 2011 The Mycological Society of Japan and Springer.

Takahashi H.,284 1 Ouhama | Taneyama Y.,392 3 Yashikida | Degawa Y.,University of Tsukuba
Mycoscience | Year: 2013

Four new species of Boletus are fully described and illustrated from central Honshu, Japan: (1) B. panniformis (Section Calopodes) produces a typically felted and scabrous pileus, bitter flesh, a finely reticulate, red stipe, and occurs in subalpine, coniferous forests; (2) B. ventricosus (Section Appendiculati) forms a usually ventricose or subbulbous stipe, yellow to greyish orange, extremely short tubes, often pluriseptate, broadly clavate to doliform caulocystidia, and occurs in lowland, mixed forests; (3) B. cepaeodoratus (Section Appendiculati) possesses a pinkish red pileus, a usually finely reticulate stipe, relatively short tubes, and occurs in lowland, mixed forest; (4) B. viscidipellis (Section Luridi) yields a hairy, viscid pileus, intensely cyanescent flesh, and occurs in lowland, mixed forests. © 2013 The Mycological Society of Japan.

Qin J.,CAS Kunming Institute of Botany | Qin J.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Feng B.,CAS Kunming Institute of Botany | Yang Z.L.,CAS Kunming Institute of Botany | And 8 more authors.
Mycologia | Year: 2014

The genus Singerocybe (Tricholomataceae, Agaricales, Basidiomycota) has been the subject of controversy since its proposal in 1988. Its taxonomic foundation, species circumscription and geographical distribution have not yet been examined with molecular sequence data. In this study phylogenetic analyses on this group of fungi were conducted based on collections from Europe, eastern Asia, southern Asia, North America and Australia, with four nuclear markers, ITS, nrLSU, tef1-a and rpb2. Molecular phylogenetic analyses, together with morphological observations, strongly support Singerocybe as a monophyletic group and identify the vesicles in the pileal and stipe cuticle as a synapomorphy of this genus. Seven species are recognized in the genus, including one new species and four new combinations. Clitocybe trogioides and Clitocybe trogioides var. odorifera are synonyms of Singerocybe humilis and Singerocybe alboinfundibuliformis respectively. Most of these species are geographically restricted in their distributions. Furthermore our study expands the distribution range of Singerocybe from the North Temperate Zone to Australia (Tasmania) and tropical southern Asia. © 2014 by The Mycological Society of America.

Takahashi H.,284 1 Ouhama | Degawa Y.,University of Tsukuba
Mycoscience | Year: 2011

Three species of Agaricales and Boletales are fully described and illustrated from Japan: (1) Clitopilusvernalis sp. nov. produces collybioid basidiomata with pruinose, greyish-yellow pileus and stipe, obscurely undulate basidiospores, and has a lignicolous habit fruiting in spring on dead decorticated logs of Pinus densiflora; (2) Favolaschia gelatina sp. nov. (section Anechinus subsection Rubrinae) has pleurotoid, astipitate basidiomata with transparent, elastic, jelly-like flesh, and truly poroid hymenophore; (3) Boletellus betula is a new record for Japan, growing in Quercus crispula and Pinus densiflora forests. © 2011 The Mycological Society of Japan and Springer.

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